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SYRIAN CIVIL WAR

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Title: Conflict Management Author: updates Last modified by: updates Created Date: 2/6/2014 3:29:30 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 12 June 2019
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Learn more at: http://www.ucis.pitt.edu
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Tags: civil | syrian | war | conflict | syria

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Title: SYRIAN CIVIL WAR


1
SYRIAN CIVIL WAR THE IMPACT ON ITS NEIGHBORS
  • Faten Ghosn, PhD
  • fghosn_at_email.arizona.edu

2
OUTLINE
  • Three Main Goals
  • Domestic, regional and international factors that
    facilitated the civil war and how they
    differentiate Syria from Egypt and Tunis.
  • The main powerful rebel groups on the ground.
  • Spillover effect into neighboring countries.

3
DOMESTIC, REGIONAL INTERNATIONAL FACTORS
  • Domestic
  • Failed Economic Liberalization Impact of
    Sanctions Dominance of Gulf Capital Housing
    Crisis
  • Decline in subsidies to the population- 20
    unemployment 14 living in poverty (UNDP 2010)
  • Repression
  • Revival of Islamists in 2004
  • Attacks/Assassinations/Bombings/Clashes with
    militant groups 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008,
    2009 Political leaders as well as Moderate
    Religious clerics were being targeted
  • Regional
  • Iraq War 2003
  • Failed Israeli-Syrian Peace Process
  • Withdrawal from Lebanon, and accusations of
    assassinations
  • Arab Cold War Sunni/Moderate Axis vs
    Shiite/Resistance Axis
  • International
  • War on Terror Deterioration of US-SYR
    Relations

4
MAIN DIFFERENCES
5
MAIN REBEL GROUPS
  • Islamic State in Iraq and Levant (ISIL/ISIS)
    (????)
  • Al Nusra Front (???? ??????)
  • Islamic Front (?????? ?????????)
  • Revolutionary Front of Syria (???? ???? ?????)
  • Syria Military Command/Free Syrian Army (???????
    ???????? ??????/????? ????)

6
(No Transcript)
7
SPILLOVER LEBANON
  • Political ImpactTensions in forming Cabinet and
    Electing President.
  • Security ImpactCar bombs, suicide attacks,
    clashes with security forces.
  • Economic ImpactLoss of over 8 billion in tourism
    and 28 million in trade.
  • RefugeesOver 1million registered refugees (27
    of Lebanese Population).

8
SPILLOVER JORDAN
  • Political Impact Increase in tensions several
    protests breaking out.
  • Security ImpactClashes on border, smuggling and
    arms trafficking.
  • Economic ImpactHigh Unemployment, escalating
    rents and the rising prices of basic goods.
  • Refugees 600,000 registered refugees (10 of
    Jordans population).

9
Thank You!
  • !????
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