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Anxiety

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Mental Health nad Mental Illness VI ... Anxiety – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Anxiety


1
Anxiety
2
What is Anxiety?
  • anxiety. An unpleasant emotional and physical
    state of overwhelming apprehension and fear.
    (www.mayoclinic.com)

3
Some Anxiety Disorders.
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Separation Anxiety
  • Panic Disorder
  • School Phobia
  • etc..

4
Generalised Anxiety Disorder
  • Excessive anxiety or worry about numerous areas,
  • more days than not
  • lasting at least 6 months
  • the worry is difficult to control

5
GAD
  • The anxiety and worry may lead to
  • restlessness, agitation
  • being tired
  • poor concentration
  • irritability
  • muscle tension
  • sleep problems

6
GAD
  • The anxiety causes a lot of distress, and impairs
    daily life
  • not due to physical illness

7
Treating GAD
  • Counseling
  • self help 9eg biofeedback, etc.)
  • medication

8
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
9
What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?
  • PTSD is a disorder caused by exposure to what is
    referred to as psychological trauma
  • The prevance has been estimated between 1 and 14
    percent

10
Symptoms of PTSD.
  • Hyperarousal
  • may seem jumpy, anxious, overly nervous, easily
    startled.

11
  • involuntary re experiencing of the event.
  • Flashbacks
  • nightmares
  • intrusive memories.
  • numbing of emotions.

12
Treatment.
  • Psychotherapy
  • medication.

13
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
  • What is it?
  • What are the symptoms?
  • How is it treated?

14
What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?
  • It is characterised by intrusive thoughts, urges,
    and images that cause anxiety within a person.
  • In a severe form the illness is very difficult to
    live with.

15
Symptoms of OCD.
  • A person with OCD experiences obsessions and/or
    compulsions.
  • The majority of people with OCD have both
    obsessions and compulsions

16
  • Obsessions consist to
  • recurring and persistent thoughts, impulses, or
    images that come to a person at inappropriate
    times that cause anxiety.

17
  • They aren't just excessive worry about real life
    problems
  • the person tries to ignore them
  • the person is aware they are from their own mind

18
  • Compulsions are described as
  • repetitive behaviours or acts that a person feels
    compelled to perform
  • the behaviours or acts are aimed at reducing
    distress

19
  • The person realises at some point that the
    obsessions or compulsions are excessive
  • the symptoms are extreme and take up a lot of
    time and energy

20
Separation Anxiety
  • Inappropriate and excessive anxiety associated
    with separation from home or those the person is
    attached to.

21
Symptoms
  • Excessive distress when separated from home or
    main attachment figures
  • Persistent fear over possible harm to, loss of,
    or separation from attachment figures
  • fear of being alone or without figure
  • fear of sleeping without figure being near

22
Symptoms
  • Nightmares with separation themes
  • fear of being alone without figure
  • Onset before age 18, Lasting more than 4 weeks

23
Panic Disorder
  • Recurrent, unexpected panic attacks
  • concern about having panic attacks
  • worry about meaning of attacks (losing control,
    etc)
  • Major change in behaviour due to attacks
  • may or may not be agoraphobic

24
Panic Attack?
  • Sudden onset
  • intense fear about bodily symptoms that have no
    explanation
  • Rapid breathing, trouble swallowing, heart
    pounding, immense fear, dizziness, feeling
    detached.

25
School Phobia
  • Often a symptom of other anxiety problems.
  • GAD, separation anxiety, social phobia,
    agoraphobia, body image disturbances, etc.
  • Usually a symptom, not a disorder

26
Treatment.
  • Treatment includes
  • Medication
  • Individual and family therapy

27
Medication
  • Anti anxiety
  • Anti depressant

28
Therapy
  • This usually is focused on teaching the ability
    to reality test intrusive thoughts that
    contribute to compulsions
  • Some therapists use a increased exposure model
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