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Moving from Isolation to Intervention WORLD WAR II

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Walton High School Last modified by: Thomas Callahan Created Date: 3/7/2001 12:58:58 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Moving from Isolation to Intervention WORLD WAR II


1
Moving from Isolation to Intervention WORLD WAR
II
2
1941 (4 slides)
  • Four Freedoms Speech made by FDR
  • America begins to mobilize (prepare for war)
  • Many Americans enlist, but not enough. Need a
    draft.
  • Women can not be involved in direct combat, but
    could be ambulance drivers, nurses, electricians
  • Minorities, like Native Americans, Mexicans,
    Afams fought in war.
  • Afams could not be in direct combat until 1943

3
1941
  • Planned March on Washington- led by activist
    A.Philip Randolph
  • Concerned about racial discrimination in combat
    in factories
  • FDR asked Randolph to back down not do march
  • Randolph refused.
  • When FDR found out Randolph had
  • 100,000 marchers, FDR backed down.
  • FDR issued Executive Order 8802 that
  • called for defense industries to stop the
    policies of racial discrimination

4
1941- U.S. Isolation ending
  • Lend-Lease Act 1941 sell, lend, or lease any
    kind of defense aid to stop German aggression
  • Germany attacks Russia.

5
A Date Which Will Live in Infamy
  • Japanese Aggression
  • Japan needed Oil, Rubber, Food
  • US Response
  • Cancelled commercial treaty w/Japan
  • Stopped exporting gasoline and scrap metal
  • December 7, 1941 Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
  • US Response
  • US DECLARES WAR ON Japan.
  • Germany declares war on US.

6
  • Drawing found on a Val shot down during the
    attack. Translated, it says, "Hear! The voice of
    the moment of death. Wake up you fools."

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8
US uses Propaganda to convince Americans war is
needed. PROPAGANDA form of communication that is
aimed at influencing the attitude of a community
toward some cause or position.
9
The United States Goes to War
10
1942 Axis Powers Germany, Italy, Japan (go to
poem)
11
1942- Japanese Internment Camps
  • http//library.thinkquest.org/TQ0312008/
  • 110,000 Japanese citizens forced to leave their
    homes, losing all possessions except what they
    could carry
  • 2/3 were American citizens

12
1943
  • Italy surrenders.

13
1944 D-DAY
  • Amphibious Attack in Northern France
  • June 6, 1944
  • Operation Overlord
  • D-Day Designated Day
  • First waves experienced high casualty rates
  • Liberated Paris and Belgium

14
D-Day significance Largest Invasion force ever
assembled 2 million troops Allies pushed
Germany back out of France!!! Bon Voyage!
15
1944
  • FDR is elected to a 4th term!

16
Battle of the Bulge
  • December 1944
  • Nazi Troops squeezed between Soviets and Allies
  • Hitler launched a surprise offensive in a
    weakened part of the line
  • Created a bulge in the front line

17
1945- Allied Victory in Europe
  • After Bulge, allies/ Russia closed in on Berlin
  • Allies met at Yalta to discuss terms of German
    surrender
  • Berlin ended up under Soviet Control
  • Hitler Committed Suicide
  • VE Day Victory in Europe
  • Discovery of the death camps

18
GO Back to 1942 Turning Point in the Pacific
  • US STRATEGY in Pacific
  • Establish control over skies and waters of the
    Pacific
  • Battle of Midway
  • June 1942
  • Turning point in the Pacific
  • Kamikazes

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23
KAMIKAZES
  • Japanese suicide squadrons, known as Kamikaze,
    flew aircraft
  • loaded with explosives directly into U.S. naval
    vessels, killing
  • themselves in an effort to stop the American
    advance. Altogether, they sank about 40 ships

24
Battle of Iwo Jima and Okinawa
  • US Island hopped their way through the Pacific
  • Dangers other than battle
  • Monsoons, malaria, heat, earthquakes, jungle
    conditions
  • Iwo Jima
  • US losses 6800 killed
  • 23,000 wounded
  • Okinawa
  • Costliest engagement 50,000 casualties
  • Gave U.S. strong positions to launch air strikes

25
Back to 1945
  • FDR dies in office.
  • Harry S. Truman becomes 32nd President of the US.

26
1945 Manhattan Project
  • Key Players
  • Albert Einstein
  • Enrico Fermi
  • J. Robert Oppenheimer
  • First tested at Los Alamos, New Mexico (in the
    US!!!)
  • President Harry S. Truman makes the Decision to
    drop the Bomb
  • August 6, 1945
  • Hiroshima
  • August 9, 1945
  • Nagasaki
  • August 14, 1945
  • Surrender of Japan

27
The End of the War
  • Bombing of Japan
  • Blockade of Japan
  • Kamikazes
  • Manhattan Project
  • A-Bomb Attacks
  • VJ Day August 14, 1945
  • Casualties

28
Effects of the War
  • Holocaust
  • Nuremburg Trials
  • Japanese War Criminals
  • Death
  • Destruction
  • Homefront
  • Japanese Internment Camps
  • Wartime Economy
  • Women and Minorities

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