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Factors Affecting Student Attrition and Success

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Title: Factors Affecting Student Attrition and Success


1
Factors Affecting Student Attrition and Success
in Distance Education (Case of Universitas
Terbuka, Indonesia)
Research Team
Except where otherwise noted, content on this
site is licensed under
2
Student Attrition in DE
3
Why student attrition is important!
4
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5
(Tinto (1977) Belawati (1995) Kember (1995)
Kristanti and Islam (2003))
(Keller (1987) Visser (1998) Sedyaningsih at
all (2003)
Miltiadou, M. Savenye, W.C (2003), Tri
Darmayanti and Belawati (2002)
6
Study Program Attrition Rate 2006(1) 2009(2)
Management (S2) 0.4 0.2 0.2
Public Administration (S2) 0.4 0.2 0.2
Food Technology 0.2 0.8 0.1
Mathematics 0.2 0.5 0.6
Biology 0.3 0.6 0.2
Statistics 0.3 0.3 0.5
Agribusiness 0.3 0.2 0.3
Management 0.2 0.4 0.4
Accountancy 0.2 0.3 0.4
Business Administration 0.2 0.3 0.3
Public Administration 0.2 0.3 0.3
Government Studies 0.2 0.3 0.3
Sociology 0.2 0.3 0.4
Communication 0.2 0.3 0.4
Mathematics Education 0.2 0.2 0.4
Physic Education 0.1 0.2 0.2
Taxation 0.2 0.5 0.4
Library science 0.2 0.1 0.1
Basic Education 0.3 0 0.1
7
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8
  • Semester and GPA

9
Gender and Age
10
Educational Background
11
Parent Educational Background
1 High School 2 Diploma 3 Bachelor 4 Post
Graduate
12
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13
Type of Employment
14
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15
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16
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17
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18
Reasons Individual Institution Socio Cultural
Voluntary The program is unfitted with the demand (6) lack of motivation (6) The program is out of student expectation (5) Limited knowledge about the program (2) Lack of sufficient information about the course (27) Limited student advisory and counseling (face to face) (26) Limited information about student registration (25) Limited information about the program (22) Course is difficult to be understood (17) Limited student advisory and counseling (online) (15) Limited feedback (14) Being isolated (27) Unfamiliar with self directed learning (16)
Involuntary Financial mater (18) No internet access (14) Isolated domicile (8) Frequent changes of domicile (3) Regional office is unreachable(15) Examination and Tutorial locations are difficult to be reached (11) Lack of family support (2) Lack of social support (2)
Unavoidable Busy with the own work (24) exhausted (3) Illness (1) Program ceased No longer required degree/certificate (1)
19
Main issues
Reason Individual Institution Socio-Cultural
Voluntary Motivation Communication Adaptation
Involuntary Communication Adaptation Motivation
Unavoidable Adaptation Communication Motivation
20
STUDENT INSTITUTION EXPECTATION GAP
21
Rational Choice Model
  • Individual
  • Motivation
  • Latar Belakang
  • Integration/ Adaptation
  • Kesulitan belajar
  • Institution factor
  • Communication
  • Academic Supports
  • Learning Supports
  • Value added of the program
  • Socio-Cultural
  • awareness
  • family supports
  • social supports

Drop Out Decision Line
22
Retentionering
23
Effectiveness
Sources Ormond Simpson (2003) Student retention
in online, open and distance learning.
24
Belawati , T(2003) Increasing Persistence in
Indonesia Post-Secondary Distance Education,
University of British Columbia Unpublished
Dissertation.Damayanti, T and T. Belawati (2002)
Kemauan Belajar (Learning Volition) Mahasiswa
Pendidikan Jarak Jauh, Universitas
Terbuka.Keller, j m (1987b) Strategies for
Stimulating the Motivation to Learn, Performance
and Instruction Journal, 26 (8),Miltiadou, M.
Savenye, W.C. (2003). Applying Social Cognitive
Constructs of Motivation to Enhance Student
Success in Online Distance Education. AACE
Journal, 11(1)Puspitasari , K and Samsul, I
(2003) Kesiapan Belajar Mandiri Mahasiswa dan
calon potensial mahasiwa pada PTJJ di Indonesia.
Universitas TerbukaSediyaningsih, S. et all
(2003) Konsep diri dan interaksi sosial studi
mengenai komunikasi interpersonal dalam
I nteraksi sosial jaak jauh terhadap pembentukan
konsep diri mahasiswa Universitas Terbuka.
Universitas TerbukaSimpson O. (2003) Student
Retention in Online, Open and Distence Learning.
London Kogan Page Ltd.Scott L. Howell, (2003)
Thirty-two Trends Affecting Distance Education
An Informed Foundation for Strategic Planning,
Online Journal of Distance Learning
Administration, Volume VI(3),Tinto,v (1975)
dropout from higher education a synthesis of
recent research, Review of Educational Research,
45 (1),Visser L. (1998) The Development of
motivational Communication in Distance Education
Support, University of Twente, Enschede,
Netherlands
References
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