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Confucianism and Buddhism

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Confucianism and Buddhism Ch. 7 Main Idea 3: The Age of Buddhism saw major religious changes in China. Main Idea 1: Confucianism underwent changes and influenced ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Confucianism and Buddhism


1
Confucianism and Buddhism
  • Ch. 7

2
(No Transcript)
3
(No Transcript)
4
V. The Age of Buddhism (400-845) A. began in
India in 500bc B. many began practicing during
the period of disunion after the fall of the
Han these were times of trouble
people took comfort in Buddhist
teachings and felt they can escape
and achieve a state of peace. 1.
suffering can end through cycle of
rebirth C. influenced art, literature,
architecture D. blended with Confucianism
Daoism
5
Buddhism
  • D. Buddhist teachings
  • 1. a religion- based on teachings of
  • Siddhartha Gautama, aka Buddha
  • 2. Buddha means enlightened one
  • 3. He lived in India 563-483 BC
  • 4. he brought the religion to China in 200
    AD
  • by Buddhist monks who
    traveled
  • along the Silk Road

6
Buddhismthis comes from the curriculum. The
teacher is not pushing her personal beliefs onto
the students.
  • 5. Buddhist Teachings- 4 Noble Truths
  • (1) all life is suffering and pain
  • (2) suffering and pain are caused by
  • desire for wealth, pleasure, fame,
    power
  • (3) to end suffering one must overcome
  • desire
  • (4) to over come desire, one must foll the
  • Middle Way

7
Buddhism
  • 6. The Middle Way- to have morally excellent
    conduct and compassion for all
  • living things calmness and purity of mind

8
Buddhism
  • 7. Reincarnation- when a person dies, the soul
    is reborn in a new body
  • 8. Nirvana- the first goal is to attain nirvana
    desire nothing
  • 9. After nirvana, a person breaks the cycle of
    life and death they are no longer is
    reincarnated into an earthy life of suffering
  • 10. The final goal- to devote their lives to
    bring others to enlightenment

9
Instructions create a timeline using the dates
from your notes
Age of Buddhism
845
400
Han Dynasty
period of disunion
220
589
618
Sui Dynasty
907
Tang Dynasty
5 Dynasties 10 kingdoms
1279
1368
1644
Song Dynasty
Yuan Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
907
960
10
Main Idea 3 The Age of Buddhism saw major
religious changes in China.
Buddhism was spreading quickly throughout the
lands. It first came to China during the Han
dynasty.
During the troubled time of the Period of
Disunion, many turned to Buddhism. They took
comfort in the teaching that people can escape
suffering and achieve a state of peace.
It influenced many aspects of Chinese culture.
Wealthy people donated money to build temples. It
also affected art, literature, and architecture.
Buddhism came to an end there when the Tang
emperor launched a campaign against it, burning
texts and destroying temples.
11
(No Transcript)
12
Confucianism and Government
7.3.3 7.3.6
  • The Big Idea
  • Confucian thought influenced the Song government.
  • Main Ideas
  • Confucianism underwent changes and influenced
    Chinese government.
  • Scholar-officials ran Chinas government during
    the Song dynasty.

13
VII. Confucianism and Government 1. Confucius
ideas influenced the Song Dynasty A.
focused on two principles of ethics 1. ren
concern for others 2. li proper behavior
14
Confucianism
  • B. Belief System- Kong Fuzi Confucious
  • 1. lived in China 551-479 BC
  • 2. developed the philosophy of life and
  • for government
  • 3. focused on proper conduct, respect for
  • elders, education, and government
  • service
  • 4. he felt this would create a peaceful,
  • stable society

15
Confucianism
  • 5. He based his ideas on ancient Chinese
    traditions of respect and hard work

16
Confucianism
  • B. The Code of Behavior 5 relationships
  • 1. ruler and subject
  • 2. parent and child
  • 3. husband and wife
  • 4. sibling and sibling
  • 5. friend and friend

17
Confucianism
  • C. The 5 Relationships
  • 1. he believed these relationships would be
    harmonious if the people involved were loyal,
    courteous, honesty, faithful and obedient to
    those in authority
  • 2. he taught that harmony in the family
    would result in showing respect for parents
  • 3. if people followed these examples, then
    harmony,
  • and a stable society would be possible

18
China
  • Chapter 7

19
China
  • Chapter 7, Section 3

20
Confucianism
21
Confucian Ideas p.177
  • Teachings focused on ethics or proper behavior
    for individuals governments
  • People should follow 2 basic principles-
  • Ren-concern for others
  • Li-appropriate behavior
  • Society would work best if everyone followed ren
    and li

22
Confucian Ideas p. 177
  • Everyone had a proper role in society
  • Order was maintained if everyone knew their roles
    and behaved appropriately
  • Ex. young people should obey their elders
  • Ex. subjects should obey their rulers

23
The Influence of Confucianism p.177
  • At first, his ideas not widely followed after his
    death
  • Han Dyn.-comes into favor
  • Becomes the official state philosophy

24
The Influence of Confucianism p. 177
  • Period of Disunion-overshadowed by Buddhism
  • Sui early Tang-Buddhism very influential-promisi
    ng escape from suffering
  • Confucianism, which stressed ethics, lost some
    influence, but still important

25
Neo-Confucianism p. 178
  • Late in Tang Dyn.-renewed interest in
    Confucianism
  • because scholars wanted to improve govt.
    society
  • Neo-Confucianism develops during after the Song
    Dynasty
  • Neo means new

26
Neo-Confucianism p. 178
  • Neo-Confucianism-similar to old philosophy
    because it taught proper behavior
  • It also emphasized spiritual matters (new part)
  • Much more influential under Song and even more
    later
  • Ideas became official govt. teachings after Song

27
Confucius Quotes
  • A superior man is modest in his speech, but
    exceeds in his actions.
  • Choose a job you love, and you will never have to
    work a day in your life.
  • Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but
    in rising every time we fall.
  • Success depends upon previous preparation, and
    without such preparation there is sure to be
    failure.

28
Scholar-Officials
29
Scholar Officials pp. 178-179
  • Song Dyn. improved system by which people worked
    for the govt.
  • Workers formed a bureaucracy-body of unelected
    govt. officials
  • Civil Service-means service as a govt. official
  • People had to pass written exams to become govt.
    officials
  • Students were tested on Confucianism related
    ideas

30
Scholar-Officials pp. 178-179
  • Tests very difficult-took years of study
  • Passing meant life as a scholar-official-an
    educated member of the govt.
  • Scholar-officials were highly respected members
    of society with many privileges
  • This system ensured that talented people became
    govt. officials

31
V. The Age of Buddhism (400-845) A. began in
India in 500bc B. many began practicing during
the period of disunion after the fall of the
Han these were times of trouble
people took comfort in Buddhist
teachings and felt they can escape
and achieve a state of peace. 1.
suffering can end through cycle of
rebirth C. influenced art, literature,
architecture D. blended with Confucianism
Daoism
32
Buddhism
  • D. Buddhist teachings
  • 1. a religion- based on teachings of
  • Siddhartha Gautama, aka Buddha
  • 2. Buddha means enlightened one
  • 3. He lived in India 563-483 BC
  • 4. he brought the religion to China in 200
    AD
  • by Buddhist monks who
    traveled
  • along the Silk Road

33
Buddhismthis comes from the curriculum. The
teacher is not pushing her personal beliefs onto
the students.
  • 5. Buddhist Teachings- 4 Noble Truths
  • (1) all life is suffering and pain
  • (2) suffering and pain are caused by
  • desire for wealth, pleasure, fame,
    power
  • (3) to end suffering one must overcome
  • desire
  • (4) to over come desire, one must foll the
  • Middle Way

34
Buddhism
  • 6. The Middle Way- to have morally excellent
    conduct and compassion for all
  • living things calmness and purity of mind

35
Buddhism
  • 7. Reincarnation- when a person dies, the soul
    is reborn in a new body
  • 8. Nirvana- the first goal is to attain nirvana
    desire nothing
  • 9. After nirvana, a person breaks the cycle of
    life and death they are no longer is
    reincarnated into an earthy life of suffering
  • 10. The final goal- to devote their lives to
    bring others to enlightenment

36
VII. Confucianism and Government 1. Confucius
ideas influenced the Song Dynasty A.
focused on two principles of ethics 1. ren
concern for others 2. li proper behavior
37
Confucianism
  • B. Belief System- Kong Fuzi Confucious
  • 1. lived in China 551-479 BC
  • 2. developed the philosophy of life and
  • for government
  • 3. focused on proper conduct, respect for
  • elders, education, and government
  • service
  • 4. he felt this would create a peaceful,
  • stable society

38
Confucianism
  • 5. He based his ideas on ancient Chinese
    traditions of respect and hard work

39
Confucianism
  • B. The Code of Behavior 5 relationships
  • 1. ruler and subject
  • 2. parent and child
  • 3. husband and wife
  • 4. sibling and sibling
  • 5. friend and friend

40
Confucianism
  • C. The 5 Relationships
  • 1. he believed these relationships would be
    harmonious if the people involved were loyal,
    courteous, honesty, faithful and obedient to
    those in authority
  • 2. he taught that harmony in the family
    would result in showing respect for parents
  • 3. if people followed these examples, then
    harmony,
  • and a stable society would be possible

41
2. Neo- Confucianism A. Buddhist, Daoist,
Confucius ideas blended together 1.
emphasized spiritual matters a. why do
good people do bad
things?
42
3. Scholar officials A. educated government
officials 1. civil service exams a.
those who passed became part
of bureaucracy for life 2.created a stable,
efficient government
43
Instructions create a timeline using the dates
from your notes
Age of Buddhism
845
400
Han Dynasty
period of disunion
220
589
618
Sui Dynasty
907
Tang Dynasty
5 Dynasties 10 kingdoms
1279
1368
1644
Song Dynasty
Yuan Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
907
960
44
Main Idea 1Confucianism underwent changes and
influenced Chinese government.
  • The dominant philosophy in China was
    Confucianism, based on the teachings of
    Confucius.
  • His teachings focused on proper behavior.
  • Confucius taught that people should conduct their
    lives according to two basic principles.
  • One was ren, or concern for others.
  • The other was li, or appropriate behavior.

45
Neo-Confucianism
  • After his death, Confuciuss ideas were spread by
    his followers, but as Buddhism became more
    popular, Confucianism lost some influence.
  • Buddhism stressed a more spiritual outlook that
    promised escape from suffering.
  • Neo-Confucianism developed due to a desire to
    improve Chinese government and society.
  • It was similar to the older philosophy but
    emphasized spiritual matters.
  • Neo-Confucianism became more influential under
    the Song, and became official government teaching
    after the Song dynasty.

46
Main Idea 2 Scholar-officials ran Chinas
government during the Song dynasty.
  • The Song dynasty improved the system by which
    people went to work for the government.
  • These workers formed a large bureaucracy, or a
    body of unelected government officials.

47
Civil Service Examinations
  • Officials joined the bureaucracy by passing civil
    service examinations.
  • Civil service means service as a government
    official.
  • These were a series of written examinations that
    tested students grasp of Confucianism and
    related ideas.
  • The tests were difficult, and students spent
    years preparing.
  • Passing the exam meant life as a
    scholar-official, an educated member of
    government.

48
Daoism
  • Laozi- the first Daoist philosopher, 606-530 BC
  • B. Teachings-
  • 1. the goal in life was to achieve oneness
    with the Dao, a universal force connected to
    nature that cannot be defined, only experienced
    and felt

49
Daoism
  • 2. humans should see themselves as part of
    nature and should understand change as part of
    everything
  • 3. the best way for humans to find peace is by
    living simply, in harmony with nature
  • 4. observe how nature acts- sit by a river,
    feel a breeze, observe a cloud drifting, etc

50
Daoism
  • 5. they dont believe in strong government,
    they believe happiness and pace can be achieved
    by thinging about nature and leading a balanced
    life in tune with nature not laws or rules
  • 6. harmony comes from balanceing the opposite
    forces of nature called yin and yang

51
Daoism
  • 7. yins attributes female, earth, dark,
  • cold
  • 8. yangs attributes male, sky, light,
  • heat

what color is black? what force is white?
52
VII. Confucianism and Government 1. Confucius
ideas influenced the Song Dynasty A.
focused on two principles of ethics 1. ren
concern for others 2. li proper behavior
53
Confucianism
  • B. Belief System- Kong Fuzi Confucious
  • 1. lived in China 551-479 BC
  • 2. developed the philosophy of life and
  • for government
  • 3. focused on proper conduct, respect for
  • elders, education, and government
  • service
  • 4. he felt this would create a peaceful,
  • stable society

54
Confucianism
  • 5. He based his ideas on ancient Chinese
    traditions of respect and hard work

55
Confucianism
  • B. The Code of Behavior 5 relationships
  • 1. ruler and subject
  • 2. parent and child
  • 3. husband and wife
  • 4. sibling and sibling
  • 5. friend and friend

56
Confucianism
  • C. The 5 Relationships
  • 1. he believed these relationships would be
    harmonious if the people involved were loyal,
    courteous, honesty, faithful and obedient to
    those in authority
  • 2. he taught that harmony in the family
    would result in showing respect for parents
  • 3. if people followed these examples, then
    harmony,
  • and a stable society would be possible

57
China
  • Chapter 7

58
China
  • Chapter 7, Section 3

59
Confucianism
60
Confucian Ideas p.177
  • Teachings focused on ethics or proper behavior
    for individuals governments
  • People should follow 2 basic principles-
  • Ren-concern for others
  • Li-appropriate behavior
  • Society would work best if everyone followed ren
    and li

61
Confucian Ideas p. 177
  • Everyone had a proper role in society
  • Order was maintained if everyone knew their roles
    and behaved appropriately
  • Ex. young people should obey their elders
  • Ex. subjects should obey their rulers

62
The Influence of Confucianism p.177
  • At first, his ideas not widely followed after his
    death
  • Han Dyn.-comes into favor
  • Becomes the official state philosophy

63
The Influence of Confucianism p. 177
  • Period of Disunion-overshadowed by Buddhism
  • Sui early Tang-Buddhism very influential-promisi
    ng escape from suffering
  • Confucianism, which stressed ethics, lost some
    influence, but still important

64
Neo-Confucianism p. 178
  • Late in Tang Dyn.-renewed interest in
    Confucianism
  • because scholars wanted to improve govt.
    society
  • Neo-Confucianism develops during after the Song
    Dynasty
  • Neo means new

65
Neo-Confucianism p. 178
  • Neo-Confucianism-similar to old philosophy
    because it taught proper behavior
  • It also emphasized spiritual matters (new part)
  • Much more influential under Song and even more
    later
  • Ideas became official govt. teachings after Song

66
Confucius Quotes
  • A superior man is modest in his speech, but
    exceeds in his actions.
  • Choose a job you love, and you will never have to
    work a day in your life.
  • Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but
    in rising every time we fall.
  • Success depends upon previous preparation, and
    without such preparation there is sure to be
    failure.

67
Scholar-Officials
68
Scholar Officials pp. 178-179
  • Song Dyn. improved system by which people worked
    for the govt.
  • Workers formed a bureaucracy-body of unelected
    govt. officials
  • Civil Service-means service as a govt. official
  • People had to pass written exams to become govt.
    officials
  • Students were tested on Confucianism related
    ideas

69
Scholar-Officials pp. 178-179
  • Tests very difficult-took years of study
  • Passing meant life as a scholar-official-an
    educated member of the govt.
  • Scholar-officials were highly respected members
    of society with many privileges
  • This system ensured that talented people became
    govt. officials

70
V. The Age of Buddhism (400-845) A. began in
India in 500bc B. many began practicing during
the period of disunion after the fall of the
Han these were times of trouble
people took comfort in Buddhist
teachings and felt they can escape
and achieve a state of peace. 1.
suffering can end through cycle of
rebirth C. influenced art, literature,
architecture D. blended with Confucianism
Daoism
71
Buddhism
  • D. Buddhist teachings
  • 1. a religion- based on teachings of
  • Siddhartha Gautama, aka Buddha
  • 2. Buddha means enlightened one
  • 3. He lived in India 563-483 BC
  • 4. he brought the religion to China in 200
    AD
  • by Buddhist monks who
    traveled
  • along the Silk Road

72
Buddhismthis comes from the curriculum. The
teacher is not pushing her personal beliefs onto
the students.
  • 5. Buddhist Teachings- 4 Noble Truths
  • (1) all life is suffering and pain
  • (2) suffering and pain are caused by
  • desire for wealth, pleasure, fame,
    power
  • (3) to end suffering one must overcome
  • desire
  • (4) to over come desire, one must foll the
  • Middle Way

73
Buddhism
  • 6. The Middle Way- to have morally excellent
    conduct and compassion for all
  • living things calmness and purity of mind

74
Buddhism
  • 7. Reincarnation- when a person dies, the soul
    is reborn in a new body
  • 8. Nirvana- the first goal is to attain nirvana
    desire nothing
  • 9. After nirvana, a person breaks the cycle of
    life and death they are no longer is
    reincarnated into an earthy life of suffering
  • 10. The final goal- to devote their lives to
    bring others to enlightenment

75
VII. Confucianism and Government 1. Confucius
ideas influenced the Song Dynasty A.
focused on two principles of ethics 1. ren
concern for others 2. li proper behavior
76
Confucianism
  • B. Belief System- Kong Fuzi Confucious
  • 1. lived in China 551-479 BC
  • 2. developed the philosophy of life and
  • for government
  • 3. focused on proper conduct, respect for
  • elders, education, and government
  • service
  • 4. he felt this would create a peaceful,
  • stable society

77
Confucianism
  • 5. He based his ideas on ancient Chinese
    traditions of respect and hard work

78
Confucianism
  • B. The Code of Behavior 5 relationships
  • 1. ruler and subject
  • 2. parent and child
  • 3. husband and wife
  • 4. sibling and sibling
  • 5. friend and friend

79
Confucianism
  • C. The 5 Relationships
  • 1. he believed these relationships would be
    harmonious if the people involved were loyal,
    courteous, honesty, faithful and obedient to
    those in authority
  • 2. he taught that harmony in the family
    would result in showing respect for parents
  • 3. if people followed these examples, then
    harmony,
  • and a stable society would be possible

80
2. Neo- Confucianism A. Buddhist, Daoist,
Confucius ideas blended together 1.
emphasized spiritual matters a. why do
good people do bad
things?
81
3. Scholar officials A. educated government
officials 1. civil service exams a.
those who passed became part
of bureaucracy for life 2.created a stable,
efficient government
82
Instructions create a timeline using the dates
from your notes
Age of Buddhism
845
400
Han Dynasty
period of disunion
220
589
618
Sui Dynasty
907
Tang Dynasty
5 Dynasties 10 kingdoms
1279
1368
1644
Song Dynasty
Yuan Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
907
960
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