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The Causes of the Civil War

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The Causes of the Civil War What Caused the Civil War? It is a project that you must do!!!!! Warm up: Fort Sumter = Civil War Begins How did the Civil War begin? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Causes of the Civil War


1
The Causes of the Civil War
  • What Caused the Civil War?
  • It is a project that you must do!!!!!
  • Warm up

2
The Mexican War
  • How did the Mexican War cause problems?
  • REVIEW
  • Wilmot Proviso Northerners wanted to outlaw
    slavery in new territory.
  • Passed by House, rejected by Senate (slave and
    free states equal there).
  • Formed Free-Soil Party to stop the spread of
    slavery. Candidate Martin Van Buren 10 votes
    in 1848 election.
  • Gold discovered in California Rush of people
    (mostly from the North/West) to the territory.
  • Soon California wanted to be a free state!
  • Escalation chart

3
The Compromise of 1850
  • What was the problem?
  • How did California make things worse?
  • Slavery debate broke out in Congress (more free
    than slave states)
  • Free-Soilers no slavery!
  • Southerners wanted no limit to slavery
  • Others people in each territory should vote
    (popular sovereignty).
  • Southerners threatened to secede (leave the
    union) because they would be outnumbered in the
    Senate.
  • Some threatened Civil War!

4
The Compromise of 1850
Much of the new territory was below the Missouri
Compromise line. However, California, Utah, and
New Mexico all wanted to be Free States! This
enraged the South. They would have no power and
the Wilmont Proviso could be passed outlawing
slavery in all new territories!
5
The Compromise of 1850
  • What was the Compromise?
  • California would be free
  • New Mexico/Utah decided by popular sovereignty.
  • Slave trade outlawed in Washington DC.
  • Congress had no power to ban slave trade between
    slave states
  • New Fugitive Slave Act required all citizens to
    help return property.

President Taylor (a southern plantation owner)
wanted to stand up to the South and refused to
Compromise!
6
The Compromise of 1850
  • What were the results of the Compromise?
  • War was avoided
  • Northerners were furious about the Fugitive Slave
    Act
  • Many claimed the compromise was unconstitutional
  • Protests and boycotts.
  • South was outnumbered in the Senate!
  • Neither side was happy.
  • Escalation chart
  • Taylor died before the confrontation.
  • The new president Millard Fillmore gave his
    support.
  • The Compromise passed

7
How did the Mexican War cause problems?
  1. It led to war between the British and the
    Americans over Oregon.
  2. Arguments over slavery in the new territory.
  3. The Free Soilers planned to secede
  4. The Americans brought slaves to California.

8
Identify a part of the Compromise of 1850.
  1. California was a slave state
  2. Oregon was a free state
  3. Popular sovereignty would be used to decide
    slavery in New Mexico
  4. The Fugitive Slave Act was removed.

9
What was the Compromise of 1850?
  1. An agreement that solved the problems between the
    North and the South.
  2. A compromise to solve the issue of slavery in the
    territories won from Mexico.
  3. An agreement to use popular sovereignty to solve
    the issue of slavery in all states.
  4. All of the above
  5. None of the above

10
Uncle Toms Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • How did Uncle Toms Cabin make things worse?
  • Showed evils of slavery.
  • Very unpopular in the South unfair depiction.
  • Changed the way many northerners felt about
    slavery
  • Many more became abolitionists!
  • Began to see slavery as a moral problem facing
    all of America.
  • Escalation chart

11
Kansas and Nebraska
  • Why/How did the problems with Kansas and Nebraska
    begin?
  • 1854 - Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • Create two territories.
  • Slavery would be decided by popular sovereignty
    (most votes wins).
  • Stephen Douglas proposed a law to set up a
    government for the Nebraska Territory.
  • Franklin Pierce thought it was a good idea!

12
How did it make things worse?
13
Kansas and Nebraska
  • How did people react to the Kansas Nebraska Act?
  • Northerners against it because slavery could
    spread north!
  • More than 1000 abolitionist (anti-slavery)
    settlers moved from New England.
  • Pro-slavery Border Ruffians came from Missouri
    to fight for slavery!

14
Kansas and Nebraska
  • How did the Kansas Nebraska Act lead to violence?
  • 1855 - Kansas had elections
  • Southerners invaded and voted.
  • Pro-slavery candidates won and set up a
    government.
  • Antislavery forces formed their own government
    (different capitol).
  • RESULT Violence broke out More than 200
    settlers died (known as Bleeding Kansas)
  • Popular sovereignty was a failure! It had only
    made things worse and violent!
  • Escalation chart

15
Bleeding Kansas
  • The most famous incidents destruction of
    Lawrence by proslavery forces and murder of 5
    proslavery settlers by John Brown and his sons.

16
The beating of Charles Sumner
  • What happened to Charles Sumner?
  • Sumner was an abolitionist in the Senate.
  • Beaten almost to death by Congressman Preston
    Brooks.

Sumner had insulted South Carolina Senator Andrew
Butler in a speech about the situation in Kansas.
Butlers nephew, Congressman Preston Brooks
wanted revenge!
17
Why was the Sumner beating important?
  • Many southerners supported Brooks.
  • Northerners more evidence of how slavery led to
    violence.
  • Escalation chart

18
Why was Uncle Toms Cabin important?
  1. It helped lead to the Civil War
  2. It showed the evils of slavery
  3. It convinced more people to become Abolitionists.
  4. All of the above
  5. None of the above

19
What was the Kansas and Nebraska Act?
  1. A decision that solved the arguments over slavery
    in all territories.
  2. A law that said slavery would be decided by
    popular sovereignty in Kansas and Nebraska
  3. A law that created two governments for Kansas
  4. All of the above
  5. None of the above

20
What did the Kansas Nebraska Act lead to?
  1. Bleeding Kansas
  2. The battle of Fort Sumter
  3. Uncle Toms Cabin
  4. Kansas was named a slave state
  5. Kansas was named a free state

21
Dred Scott v. Sandford
  • What was the Dred Scott case about?
  • 1857 Scott was a slave who had been moved to
    free territory.
  • Then taken back to slave territory
  • Argued he should be free!

22
Decision
  • What was the decision made by the court in the
    Dred Scott case?
  • Court ruled
  • Scott could not file a lawsuit (was a slave)
  • He had no rights!
  • Slaves were property
  • Congress did not have the power to outlaw slavery
    in any territory.

23
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24
  • What were the results of the case?
  • South was happy slavery could spread anywhere.
  • Northerners Very mad and even more people joined
    the abolitionist movement.
  • Separated North and South even more!
  • Escalation chart

Frederick Douglass All I ask of the American
people is that they live up to the Constitution,
adopt its principles, take in its spirit, and
enforce its provisions. When this is done
liberty will become the inheritance of all of
the inhabitants of this highly favored country.
Prentice Hall, 472
25
What did the Supreme Court say in the Dred Scott
decision?
  1. Dred Scott would be free
  2. Slaves had no rights and Congress could not
    interfere with slavery
  3. All slaves should be free after the Civil War
  4. The Missouri Compromise should be reinstated.

26
John Browns Raid
  • What scared Southerners and made them fear the
    North?
  • 1859 John Brown (from Bleeding Kansas) led a
    group of followers to Harpers Ferry Virginia.
  • Plan take over the guns and ammunitions stored
    at federal arsenal (gun warehouse) and lead a
    slave revolt in the South

27
John Browns Raid
  • What was the result of John Browns Raid?
  • Brown failed, was captured, and sentenced to
    death.
  • Became a hero to many in the North.
  • South
  • Very angry about the attack and the Norths
    support of it.
  • Became convinced the North wanted to destroy
    slavery.
  • Escalation chart

Hero or villain? depends on where you were from!
28
The Election of 1860
29
The Election of 1860
  • What happened in the election of 1860?
  • Democrats split two groups over slavery
  • Constitutional Union Party chose another
    candidate to keep the country together.
  • Republicans chose Abraham Lincoln.
  • Lincoln won the North and West (the most
    populated areas because of the Democratic split)
    and became the new president!

30
Lincoln said of slaves
  • There is no reason in the world why the negro is
    not entitled to all the natural rights in the
    Declaration of Independence, the right to life,
    liberty, and the pursuit of happiness In the
    right to eat the bread, without the leave of
    anybody else, which his own hand earns, he is my
    equal and the equal of Judge Douglas, and the
    equal of every living man. Prentice Hall, 474

31
The Election of 1860
32
The Election of 1860
  • What was the result of the election of 1860?
  • Republicans had control of Congress (since 1858)
    and the Presidency.
  • South believed they no longer had any power!
  • All attempts at compromise failed!
  • December 1860 South Carolina seceded.
  • Soon after, 6 more states soon joined them.
  • Escalation chart

33
The Confederate States of America
  • What did the southern states do after secession?
  • Early 1861 seven southern states held a
    convention and chose Jefferson Davis as their
    president.
  • Formed the Confederate States of America (a loose
    union just like the Articles of Confederation)

34
Fort Sumter Civil War Begins
  • How did the Civil War begin?
  • Lincoln promised to keep the nation together.
  • Confederates tried to seize all U.S. forts in the
    South.
  • US troops at Fort Sumter (SC) refused to give up
    the fort.
  • April 13, 1861 the Confederates attacked.
  • Union troops could not hold the fort. They
    surrendered and the war had begun.
  • Escalation chart

The Battle of Fort Sumter wasnt much of a battle
compared to the bloody fights that would follow
in the next 4 years!
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