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Chapter Two The Planting of English America

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Chapter Two The Planting of English America AP U.S. History Types of Colonies proprietary colonies - land grants given to individuals or small groups charter colonies ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter Two The Planting of English America


1
Chapter Two The Planting of English America
  • AP U.S. History

2
Types of Colonies
  • proprietary colonies - land grants given to
    individuals or small groups
  • charter colonies - land grants (or charters)
    given to private companies
  • royal colonies - Crown had complete control over
    governmental actions (they appointed the govenor
    and the council)
  • Often chartered colonies became royal colonies
    after their charter was revoked.

3
Englands Imperial Stirrings
  • Queen Elizabeth
  • Puritanism increases
  • Competition with
  • Spain Protestant
  • England vs. Catholic
  • Spain

4
Elizabeth Energizes England
  • Sir Frances Drake pirated
  • Spanish ships
  • Sir Humphrey Gilbert/Sir Walter
  • Raleigh - Roanoke
  • Defeat of Spanish Armada naval
  • dominance over Atlantic
  • England on eve of colonizing
  • Strong unified nation under
  • popular monarch
  • Religious unity
  • Strong nationalism

5
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6
England on the Eve of Empire
  • Overpopulation,
  • unemployment
  • Land practice
  • (primogeniture)
  • Joint Stock company
  • financial means

7
England Plants the Jamestown Seedling
  • King James
  • VA Co. of London
  • GOLD!!!! No
  • Food?? No
  • John Smith
  • Powhatan
  • 1609 1610 Starving Time
  • - 60 0f 400 survived

8
Cultural Clash in the Chesapeake
  • Declaration of War against Indians
  • 2 Anglo-Powhatan Wars Results?
  • Indians gone, colonists move West
  • VA co. bankrupt, lost charter, becomes royal
    charter
  • Diseases destroyed cultures, traditions
  • Competition increased among groups for European
    goods

9
Virginia Child of Tobacco
  • John Rolfe
  • Basis of economy
  • Colony built on smoke
  • Plantations/rivers
  • Dutch 20 slaves
  • Indentured servants
  • House of Burgesses
  • 1619 first colonial
  • parliament

10
Maryland Catholic Haven
  • Lord Baltimore
  • Proprietary Colony
  • Safe Haven for Catholics, but
  • Act of Religious Tolerance -
  • 1649 - Catholics sought to
  • protect their faith by granting
  • a certain degree of
  • religious freedom.

11
The West Indies Way Station
  • Sugar Cane expensive
  • dependent on slave labor
  • - slaves outnumbered
  • whites 41
  • Barbados Code
  • As sugar plantations
  • began to crowd out small
  • farmers, many came to
  • Carolina with their slaves to farm.

12
Colonizing the Carolinas
  • Goal grow food for Barbados
  • Rice required hard labor
  • slaves
  • Slave Codes
  • Charlestown
  • North Carolina VAs trash
  • 1712

13
Georgia
  • James Oglethorpe
  • Buffer between Carolina/Spanish Florida/French
    Louisiana
  • Savannah
  • Debtors

14
Questions
  • What did England and the English settlers really
    want from colonization? Did they get what they
    wanted?
  • How did the reliance on plantation agriculture
    affect the southern colonies?
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