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Yellow Journalism and the Spanish-American War

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Bill Last modified by: wmiskinis Created Date: 10/5/2010 1:26:12 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Yellow Journalism and the Spanish-American War


1
Yellow Journalism and the Spanish-American War
2
Objective
  • Students will identify the causes of American
    Expansionism in the late 19th and early 20th
    centuries.

3
I. Expansionism
  • By the beginning of the 20th century, the United
    States had far greater influence and territory
    than it had ever had before.
  • This was partially the result of
  • Cultural/Religious factors
  • Political factors
  • Economic factors

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II. The Spanish-American War
  • Cubans launched a series of revolts against Spain
    beginning in 1868, which Spain reacted to by
    exiling revolutionary leaders.
  • José Marti moved to New York City in 1878,
    continuing to agitate for Cuban independence
    through newspaper articles and poetry.
  • Marti returned to Cuba to participate in a revolt
    in February 1895 but was killed, becoming a hero
    instantly.
  • Spanish General Valeriano Weyler used ruthless
    tactics to suppress the revolt, further angering
    Cubans and swaying American sentiment to the side
    of the rebels.

12
II. The Spanish-American War
  • Newspapers reported the uprising with dramatic
    headlines and articles.
  • A letter written by the Spanish minister to the
    U.S., Enrique Dupuy de Loome, which ridiculed
    President McKinley, was published by the New York
    Journal.
  • The battleship USS Maine blew up in Havana
    harbor, killing 260 American sailors.
  • Although there was no proof, the explosion was
    blamed on a Spanish mine, galvanizing U.S.
    support for war with Spain.

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14
III. Causes of the Spanish American War
  • Causes
  • Cuban War of Independence arouses US sympathy
  • Butcher Weyler
  • Explosion of the Maine
  • Remember the Maine!
  • Yellow Journalism and Jingoism

15
Yellow Journalism Jingoism
Joseph Pulitzer
Hearst to Frederick Remington You furnish
the pictures, and Ill furnish the war!
William Randolph Hearst
16
Yellow Journalism
  • Characteristics of Yellow Journalism
  • Attempts to scare intended audience into action,
    usually violent
  • use of faked interviews, misleading headlines,
    pseudo-science, etc.
  • dramatic sympathy with the "underdog

17
Review
  • What were some of the causes of American
    Expansionism in the late 19th and early 20th
    centuries?
  • Which one was most important?
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