Group-I : Management of Soil Health Date -17 /09/2014 Venue: Main Symposium Hall,NASC Building,Pusa Complex.New Delhi. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Group-I : Management of Soil Health Date -17 /09/2014 Venue: Main Symposium Hall,NASC Building,Pusa Complex.New Delhi.

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Title: FERTILITY STATUS OF SOILS OF MAHARASHTRA Author: ACER Last modified by: user Created Date: 8/16/2006 12:00:00 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Group-I : Management of Soil Health Date -17 /09/2014 Venue: Main Symposium Hall,NASC Building,Pusa Complex.New Delhi.


1
Group-I Management of Soil Health Date -17
/09/2014 Venue Main Symposium Hall,NASC
Building,Pusa Complex.New Delhi.
  • National Conference on Agriculture for
  • Rabi Campaign-2014

Department of Agriculture Maharashtra State
2
Maharashtra at aGlance
LAND USE PATTRN
(Lakh Ha.)
Particulars India MS
Total Geographical Area 3287.30 307.58 9.40
Area under Forest 774.74 61.94 8.00
Area under non-agri use 225.60 14.12 6.26
Cultivable waste land 142.60 9.15 6.42
Area unfit for cultivation 184.70 17.19 9.31
Area under cultivation 1408.61 174.73 12.40
Gross area Irrigated 872.60 40.37 4.60
Population (Crores) 102.86 9.69 11.6
Area under non-agri use
Source Economic Survey of Maharashtra 2010-11
3
Agro-climatic Zones in Maharashtra
4
Current Concerns of Agriculture in Maharashtra
  • Pressure of the population on land(55)
  • Skewed distribution of operational holdings(1.44
    )
  • Limited area under irrigation(17.90 )
    (National avg.45.50)
  • Vast drought prone area(52)
  • Extent of ill-drained saline soil(4.23)
  • Extent of light soil(39)
  • Degraded Soils(42.5)
  • Erratic behavior of Mansoon
  • Constant Threat of Drought
  • Erosion in Catchment Area of Major Projects

5
FERTILITY STATUS OF SOILS IN MAHARASHTRA FERTILITY STATUS OF SOILS IN MAHARASHTRA FERTILITY STATUS OF SOILS IN MAHARASHTRA FERTILITY STATUS OF SOILS IN MAHARASHTRA FERTILITY STATUS OF SOILS IN MAHARASHTRA FERTILITY STATUS OF SOILS IN MAHARASHTRA FERTILITY STATUS OF SOILS IN MAHARASHTRA
Year Fertility status Fertility status Fertility status Fertility Level Fertility Level Fertility Level
Year N P K N P K
1981-1985 1.51 1.07 2.59 M L H
1985-1990 1.43 1.03 2.74 M L H
1990-1995 1.33 0.95 2.70 M L H
1995-2000 1.25 0.91 2.62 L L H
2000-2005 1.37 1.09 2.43 M L H
L-Low M-Medium
H-High

0.76-1.25 1.26-1.75
2.26-2.75
6
Samples Analyzed during 2005 to 2010
Sr.No Year Samples analyzed Samples analyzed
Sr.No Year Ph, EC, NPK Micro nutrient
1 2005-06 1,09,983 8289
2 2006-07 1,44,694 16,689
3 2007-08 1,63,956 21,109
4 2008-09 1,44,301 27,753
5 2009-10 2,13,543 23,702
Total Total 7,76,477 97,542
7
Majority of Soil are Neutral to Moderately
Alkaline in nature.
8
Ec. below 1 - normal,
1-2 - harmful to
germination 2-3 - harmful to salt
sensitive crops above 3 harmful to
majority crops
9
Ranges of Nutrient Level 0.76-1.25 Low /
1.26-1.75 Medium / 2.26-2.75 High
10
Districtwise Nitrogen (N) Status
11
Districtwise Phosphorous (P) Status
12
Districtwise Patassium (K) Status
13
Micro nutrient deficiency Status 2005-10
Zinc (Zn) and Ferus (Fe) micro-nutrients
deficiency is promient.
14
Copper (Cu) Deficiency Status
15
Iron (Fe) Deficiency Status
16
Manganese (Mn) Deficiency Status
17
Zinc (Zn) Deficiency Status
18
Soil Testing Infrastructure in Maharashtra
Sr. No. Soil Testing Labs. Static Mobile Total
1 Government 29 -- 29
2 Public Sector Undertakings 06 04 10
3 Private 93 28 121
Total Total 128 32 160
Total Annual Soil Analysing Capacity 10.59 Lakh
19
Soil Water Properties Tested
  • Chemical Properties pH, EC
  • Major Nutrient O.C. (N), P, K
  • Secondary nutrient Ca, Mg, Na, CaCO3 ,
  • Micronutrient Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn
  • Physical properties Texture, Water Holding
    Capacity,

  • Moisture , .
  • Irrigation Water pH, EC, Ca, Mg, Na, Cl,
    CO3,

  • HCO3, SO4 etc.

20
Services to Farmer
  • Soil Health Cards with Fertilizer Recommendations
  • Village Soil Fertility Index (N, P, K)
  • Micronutrient Deficiency Status (Cu,Fe,Mn,Zn)
  • Water Classification

21
STATUS OF SOIL TESTING IN MAHARASHTRA
Sample Type 2012-13 2012-13 2012-13 2013-14 2013-14 2013-14 2014-15 2014-15 2014-15
Sample Type Target Achievt Target Achievt Target Achievt (till Aug.14)
General soil samples 2,00,000 2,41,288 121 2,00,000 2,25,408 113 2,00,000 74,683 37
Micronutrient samples 2,00,000 1,44,996 73 2,00,000 1,58,752 79 2,00,000 42,548 21
Special soil samples 20, 000 23,551 118 20, 000 18,677 93 20, 000 8,362 42
Water samples 20, 000 36,864 184 20, 000 35,522 178 20, 000 10,978 55
22
Special program for developing Village Fertility
Index under RKVY
  • Soil Samples are drawn from every 10 ha.
    cultivable
  • area
  • These samples are analised for Major
    properties
  • (pH, EC, N.P.K.) Micro Nutrients (Cu, Mn,
    Zn, Fe)
  • Village Fertility Index Micro nutrient
    Deficiency
  • Status is calculated
  • Fertilizer recommendation is displayed at
    Public
  • Places in the concerned village.
  • Fertilizer doses are calculated from Village
    Fertility
  • Index
  • This will help in INM balance use of
    fertilizer.

23
Progress of Village Fertility Index
  • Total Number of villages in the state --
    43711
  • Village Covered in the Year 2011-12 --
    8197
  • Village Covered in the Year 2012-13 --
    5152
  • Village Covered in the Year 2013-14 --
    6787
  • Target for the Year 2014-15
    -- 4473
  • Village covered up to August 2014
    -- 1113
  • Total Villages Covered up to August 2014 --
    21219 (49)
  • 2006-07 to 2014-15 Soil Health Cards Distribution

  • Target -- 39.60 Lakh
  • Achievement up to
    August 2014 -- 33.38 Lakh

24
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25
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26
Soil Health Management (SHM) Sanctioned
Programme -2014-15 under National Mission for
Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) Rs. In Lakh
Sr. No. Component Cost per Unit No of Unit GOI Share State Share Total
1 Setting up of New Mobile / Static soil testing laboratories (MSTL/SSTL) Rs 75.00 Lakh / Lab. 1 56.00 19.00 75.00
2 Strengthening of existing SSTL / MSTL Rs. 40.00 Lakh / Lab. 1 30.00 10.00 40.00
3 Training of STL/FTL staff ,Field functionaries Rs. 25000 / Training 10 2.50 0.00 2.50
  Field demonstration Rs. 10000 / Demo. 50 5.00 0.00 5.00
  Frontline demonstration Rs. 20000 / Demo. 10 2.00 0.00 2.00
4 Creation of Data bank on location specific Balanced Use of Fertilizers Rs. 10.00 Lakh / State 1 10.00 0.00 10.00
5 Creation of District wise digital Soil Fertility Maps Rs. 6.00 Lakh / District 5 30.00 0.00 30.00
6 Promotion of Soil Testing Kit to field Level officers of State Rs. 15000 / Kit 200 30.00 0.00 30.00
7 Promotion distribution of micronutrients Rs. 500 / ha 5000 25.00 0.00 25.00
8 Strengthening of existing Fertiliser Quality control Labs (FTL s) by State Govt. 30.00/lab 1 30.00 0.00 30.00
9 Setting up New FQCL by State Govt. 75.00/lab 1 75.00 0.00 75.00
Total Total Total   295.50 29.00 324.50
27
Proposed Plan for Strengthening of STLs
  • Create facility to Analyze Boron (B) and
    Sulphur(S)
  • Increase in Analysing Capacity
  • Establishment of Govt. STLs in 4 Districts
  • (Nandurbar, Hingoli, Washim Gondia
  • HRD Program for Staff engaged in STL.
  • Modernization of STLs.
  • Increasing Involvement of Pvt. Sectors.
  • NABL Accrediation to Govt. STLs.
  • Staff Training Program is Completed

28
State initiatives for Soil Health improvement
  • Soil Health Improvement Program
  • Distribution of Zinc, Ferrous Sulphate on
    50 subsidy in
  • deficient blocks
  • (Zn deficit blocks 175 and Fe deficit blocks
    106)
  • State Organic Farming Policy
  • Organic Farming Area Increase by 10000 ha /
    year.
  • District wise Fertilizer Demand and Use
    Strictly
  • on basis of Fertility Status.
  • Farmer Awareness Program for INM

29
Policy issues for consideration
  • Assistance to chemical fertilizers only on the
    basis of soil testing recommendations
  • Promotion of organic manures like FYM compost,
    green manuring, recycling and reuse of crop
    residue/biomass
  • Promotion of bio-fertilizers on massive scale
  • Encouragement for inter cropping of pulses in
    all major cereal crops
  • Encourage use of soil amendments like lime,
    gypsum, rock phosphate etc.
  • Promotion of organic farming
  • Establishment of soil testing laboratories at
    each block along with major, micro nutrients and
    water testing facilities

30
Thank You
31
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32
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33
  • Nutrient Deficiency Symptoms'
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