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STS Science Education

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Frank Jenkins University of Alberta Edmonton AB http://www.CMASTE.ca * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Agenda--STS Curr. Emphases STS Science Education Nature of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: STS Science Education


1
STS Science Education
  • Frank Jenkins
  • University of Alberta
  • Edmonton AB

http//www.CMASTE.ca
2
Agenda--STS Curr. Emphases
  • STS Science Education
  • Nature of science emphasis
  • Technology emphasis
  • STS-issues emphasis
  • Communication emphasis

3
Agenda
  • STS Monograph definitions
  • Craftsman document
  • STS issues emphasis
  • Nature of science emphasis
  • Technology emphasis

4
Advantages of STS Concept
STS is more than just pure science knowledge.
K S A
Science
Technology
Society
5
Types of STS Programs
  • SISCON (UK)--liberal arts science
  • SaTiS--STS modules
  • LoRST--integrating science into context
  • ChemCom--start with STS issue
  • ALCHEM (70s)--technology contexts
  • STSC Chem (80s)--society contexts
  • Nelson Chem (90s)--epist. contexts

6
A Science Curriculum Emphasis
  • Scientific knowledge
  • Scientific process skills
  • Scientific attitudes (predispositions to act)
  • Scientific problem solving
  • Nature of science

7
Nature of Science Umbrella
8
Scientific Problem Solving (labs)
  • Illustrative (concrete model)
  • Exploratory (a learning cycle)
  • Inductive (Francis Bacon) concept building
  • Deductive (Karl Popper) concept testing
  • Sociological (Thomas Kuhn)

9
Problem Solving Processes
  • Purpose
  • Problem
  • Prediction
  • Exp. Design
  • Materials
  • Procedure
  • Evidence
  • Analysis
  • Evaluation
  • Synthesis

10
Scientific Attitudes (Nay and Kozlow)
  • Critical-mindedness
  • Suspended judgment
  • Respect for evidence
  • Honesty
  • Objectivity
  • Willingness to change
  • Open-mindedness
  • Questioning attitudes

11
A Technology Emphasis
  • Technological knowledge
  • Technological skills
  • Technological problem solving/design
  • Technological attitudes
  • Technology in science
  • Technology in society
  • Nature of technology

12
Technological Knowledge/Skills
  • Tech Knowledge
  • Products baking soda
  • Processes Solvay process
  • Tech Skills
  • Operational lab burner multimeter computer
  • Processes titration filtration crystallization

13
Tech Problem Solving/Attitudes
  • Technological Problem Solving
  • Understanding the problem
  • Developing the plan
  • Carrying out the plan
  • Evaluating
  • Tech Attitudes
  • Perseverance
  • Confidence
  • Critical mindedness
  • Creative disposition
  • Apprec. alternative perspectives

14
Technology in Science Society
Tech Sci
  • Tech in Science
  • Parallel symbiotic paths
  • Technology leads science
  • Technology enables science
  • Science is applied to describe/explain technology
  • Tech in Society
  • Affects health
  • Affects material lives (lifestyle)
  • Affects intellectual lives (publishing)
  • Tech fixes
  • Efficiency cult

15
Nature of Technology
  • Evaluation Criteria
  • economical
  • efficient
  • reliable
  • simple
  • It works!

16
Societal Curriculum Emphasis
  • Societal knowledge
  • Societal skills
  • Societal attitudes
  • Societal decision making
  • Society and science
  • Society and technology
  • Nature of society

17
Societal Attitudes (predispositions to act)
  • Tolerance
  • Commitment to understanding
  • Respect for alternative views
  • Confidence in thoughtful decision making
  • Vigilance in persuing thoughtful decisions
  • Appreciation and respect for thoughtful decisions
  • Commitment to understanding the roles and
    limitations of science and technology

18
Perspectives on an STS Issue
  • Scientific
  • Technological
  • Ecological
  • Economic
  • Political
  • Legal
  • Ethical
  • Social
  • Militaristic
  • Aesthetic
  • Mystical
  • Emotional

STEEPLES MAME
19
Decision Making Processes
  • Identify and focus on the issue
  • Formulate research questions
  • Gather and organize evidence
  • Analyze and evaluate evidence
  • Resolve the issue
  • Apply the decision
  • Evaluate the decision, the process and the action

20
Levels of Use for Perspectives
  • Classify given perspective-statements
  • Find /- perspective statements and tally the
    number of each perspective
  • Place personal value on statements
  • Make personal decision and state the criteria
    used to make the decision
  • Participate in debate or townhouse

21
CTS Module Components
  • Description of the technological product or
    process
  • Scientific description and explanation of the
    technological product/process
  • STS issue concerning a technology
  • Careers concerning the technology

22
STS-CTS Assignment
  • Choose a technology and define the KSAs to be
    studied
  • Word a resolution to debate and decide on where
    the perspective statements are to come from
  • Find some career information (e.g., videos and
    the internet)
  • Decide on the student assessment

23
Advantage of STS Concept
K S A
Science
Technology
Society
24
Science in Society Problems-1
  • Differentiating science and technology Fleming
    1987
  • Funding for scientific research Polanyi 1988
  • 50 of scientists employed by military Suzuki
    1989
  • Infighting for research money Savan 1988

25
Science in Society Problems-2
  • Breaches in scientific ethics Savan 1988
  • Courts misunderstanding of certainty Aikenhead
    1985
  • Public and private versions of science Holten
    1978, Polanyi 1958
  • Affect of powerful vested interests Ravetz 1971
  • Affect of cultural values Gaskell 1982

26
Internet and e-mail
  • STS Science Education monograph
  • fjenkins_at_ualberta.net
  • hvankess_at_telusplanet.net
  • olantz_at_ualberta.net
  • tompkins_at_telusplanet.net
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