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Brainstorming Workshop on GIS based Decentralised Planning and Monitoring under Mahatma Gandhi NREGS Feb 15,2010 Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Brainstorming Workshop on GIS based Decentralised Planning and


1
Brainstorming Workshop on GIS based Decentralised
Planning and Monitoring under Mahatma Gandhi
NREGS Feb 15,2010
Ministry of Rural Development, Government of
India, Krishi Bhavan, New Delhi.
National Institute of Rural Development Hyderabad
2
OUTLINE OF THE PRESENTATION PART-I MINISTRY
SUGGESTED GUIDELINES PART-II NIRD SUGGESTED
PROCESS PART-III NIRD RESEARCH PROPOSALS
3
PART-I MINISTRY SUGGESTED GUIDELINES
4
ASSET MANAGEMENT ?Capturing existing Assets
with their location, present status and meta data
? Validation of data on created assets. ?
Periodic asset assessments summarized reports
using measurement scales. ? Asset maintenance
report, assessment and management
5
Map Management ? Preparation of Base Maps With
Relevant Terrain Data. ? Cataloging the
Maps for Easy Access and Retrieval. ?
Integration of Attribute Information From
Various Sources. ? Appropriate Methodology for
Collection, Collation, Storage And Processing
of Data in a Given Region Synoptic
6
Map Management
? Standardized Formats For ? Natural Resources
? Socio- Economic Data ? In An Integrated
Manner To Establish ? Linkage Among Various
Hierarchical Units. ? Remote Sensing Maps
Village Maps On Larger Scale (14,000 or
110,000 scale) by Using High Resolution
Satellite Data ? Identify Soil Layers and
Fertility Levels.
7
Planning and Development ? As-Is views of the
area under the program - Existing assets,
current coverage, impact. ? Scope and targets of
program Target, time lines, funds etc. ?
Features for Asset, asset deployment, costing and
its target coverage.
8
Planning and Development
? Analytical tools for assessing a plan at asset
level, region level and program level. ?
What-if-Analysis at any stage of planning. ?
Transition view starting from abinitio state to
program completion state with provision for
interim states. ? Plan for water harvesting
structures like tributaries, drains, etc with
depth and slope.
9
Evaluation and Monitoring of activities
  • ? Preparation of change map that depicts the
  • activities taken up during the implementation
  • phase.
  • ? Developing methodology for nation-wide
  • monitoring considering time and economic
  • feasibilities.

10
Evaluation and Monitoring of activities
  • ? Mapping two time period satellite data
    following
  • appropriate classification scheme field
    visit.
  • ? Developing methodology for possible
    identification and
  • mapping of activities by respecting the
    limitations of
  • satellite data.
  • ? Ensuring visible Benefits
  • Reduction in human interface
  • Real time and authentic data
  • collection
  • Reliability of Data
  • Optimising Time
  • Greater Convenience and ease

11
  • EXPECTED INPUTS

?Work Plan and Methodology ?Proposed Solution
and Sizing (Diagram). ?Implementation and Support
Plan (If Diagram). ?Process Architecture
(Diagram).. ?Proposed Network Architecture.
(Placing of servers, components etc). ?Security
features (Data, Network and Internet
Security). ?Integration with the NREGASoft (NREGA
MIS) (Diagram). Schedule of Activities (PERT
Chart). ?Technical Specification. ?Activities and
deliverables
12
AS IS STUDY ?Cost and benefit analysis ?Identific
ation of project location ?Identification of
trainees ?Identification of Equipment ?Procurement
of Devices or other hardware Software
Development ?Software development and software
audit report Training ?Training to the GP Staff
?Distribution of Job Cards and hands on
training to use Smart Card and hand held
devices ?Training report
13
Project Implementation ?Methodology
?Solution and Sizing. ?Products / Personnel
Positioning. ?Implementation and Support
Plan. ?Process Flow Architecture. ?Network
Architecture. (Placing of servers, components
etc). ?Security features ?Integration with the
NREGASoft (NREGA MIS). ?Capture of data
14
Project Monitoring and Evaluation ?Monitoring at
Ministry level ?Monitoring at State level
?Monthly progress reports. ?Report along with
cost and benefit analysis and recommendations
15
PART-II NIRD SUGGESTED PROCESS
16
GIS BASED PARTICIPATORY PLANNING UNDER MGNREGS
  • OBJECTIVES
  • Preparation of Village Level Plan for
  • MGNREGS in a consultative process in a
  • GIS frame work
  • Development of Customized Software for
  • Geoinformatics based Planning

17
STEPS IN GIS BASED PARTICIPATORY PLANNING UNDER
MGNREGA
?Interaction with stakeholders in pilot project
area ?Development of framework for planning in
a participatory mode ?Development/ review
of data collection instruments ?Integration with
spatial and non-spatial data bases
18
STEPS IN GIS BASED PARTICIPATORY PLANNING UNDER
MGNREGS
?Spatial Decision Support System ?Extraction
Of Parameters (Development of
Parameters-Indices and Indicators
Disaggregated Unit Level) ?Analysis And
Generation Of Formats For Decision Making
Including Convergence ?Work Estimation Cost
, Time and Employment Norms using Geo
spatial frame work
19
STEPS IN GIS BASED PARTICIPATORY PLANNING UNDER
MGNREGS
  • ?Comprehensive Development Plan NREGS
  • Schemes
  • ?Development Seminar At Panchayat Level for
  • ?Presentation of Possibilities and Alternatives
  • ?Finalization of Plan by Panchayat

20
GEOINFORMATICS BASED MONITORING FOR MGNREGS
  • Objectives
  • ?Device methodologies and process to apply
    GIS at
  • village level for monitoring NREGS
    activities
  • ?Capture both Spatial Attribute Data
    pertaining
  • to assets created at village level
    for Monitoring
  • ?Generate various scenarios and convergence of
  • various programmes for potential
    employment
  • under MGNREGS

21
STEPS IN GIS BASED MONITORING UNDER MGNREGS
  • ?Identification Selection of Parameters for
    Monitoring
  • ?Preparation of Geospatial Inventory of assets
    location of works at village level
  • ?Capturing of Spatial Measurements And Conversion
    of Mandays for Employment Generation at project
    level
  • ?Developing a Framework of Monitoring at
    Panchayat Level Using Satellite Imageries and
    GPS/DGPS
  • Generation of Monitoring Report, Based on
  • Geospatial Data

22
FRAME WORK FOR GEOINFOMATICS BASED EVALUATION OF
MGNERAGS
  • OBJECTIVES
  • ?Device Methods To Standardize Parameters
  • for Evaluation
  • ? Develop Methods For Studying Pre Post
  • Programme Implementation
    Differences
  • ? Comprehensive Evaluation Report at
  • Village Level

23
STEPS IN GIS BASED EVALUATION UNDER MGNREGS
  • ?Selecting Parameters Standardization for
  • Evaluation
  • ?Framework For Comparing Objective
  • Parameters With
  • ?Achievement Parameters
  • ?Assessing Change Detection
  • ?Generation of Geospatial Data
  • ?Evaluation Report

24
PART-III NIRD RESEARCH PROPOSALS
25
Proposal on Geoinformatics Based Participatory
Planning Monitoring Evaluation of MGNREGS (
PILOT Projects in Action Research Mode)
National Institute of Rural Development Hyderabad
26
STUDY AREA FOR PILOTS
  • ?15 villages in Various Agro climatic
    Ecological Zones
  • ? Selection of villages from
  • ? Hilly Region JK, HP, Uttakhand-3
  • ? Desert/ Drought Prone Region- Rajasthan,
  • AP etc-4
  • ? Central India-3
  • ? North Eastern Region- 3
  • ? Southern Region-3
  • ? Coastal Region-4

27
CONSORTIUM OF PARTNER INSTITUTIONS
  • ?5 Regional CGARD Centers
  • ? State Remote sensing Application Centers
  • ? Subject mater specialist
  • SIRD
  • ETC
  • VRCS
  • CIC
  • ? NGOs

28
DELIVERABLES (Planning)
  • ? Digital Database Of Project Sites viz.- Base
    Map, LULC, Imagery of the Area with Attribute
    Database
  • ? Comprehensive Plan Document Consisting of
    Identified Location of NREGA Works Type of
    Work
  • ? Digital Model (3D) of the NREGS Work Site at
    14,000 scale
  • ? Customized Software Package for Handling
    Spatial and Non Spatial Data
  • ? Decision Support System For Prioritization of
    NREGS Works And Sites (Locations)

29
DELIVERABLES (Monitoring)
  • ? Inventory of assets with Spatial and non
    spatial data
  • describing characteristics measurements etc.
  • ? Geoinformatics based customized analytical
  • methodology for monitoring progress of
    MGNREGS
  • works in a customized platform
  • ? Standardized GPS based identification for
    work
  • progress

30
DELIVERABLES (Evaluation)
  • ? Location specific standardized parameter for
    pre
  • post comparison
  • ? Customized change detection process of NREGS
  • project sites
  • ? Methodology for area calculations (Volumetric
  • calculations 2D 3D) and conversions into
    labor man
  • days

31
DURATION
  • ? Total duration of the Project - 12 months
  • TIME PLAN
  • Field visit for data collection ground
    truthing - 3 months
  • Creation of spatial database - 2
    months
  • Integration of attribute database - 2
    months
  • Analysis processing - 2 months
  • First draft report presentations -
    1 month
  • Final reports - 2 months

32
BUDGET
Sl No Description Amount in Rs
1 Satellite imageries for value added products 1. Stereo pairs 2. High resolution (.6 m) images 3. Value Added digital data products 67,50,000
2 Man power for projection implementation 19,20,000
3 Field Investigators 9,00,000
4 TA/DA of research team project staff 15,00,000
5 Hardware/software support 20,00,000
6 Customized software integration 20,00,000
7 Miscellaneous 2,00,000
8 Over heads 30,54,000
  Total 1,83,24,000
33
TRAINING FOR CAPACITY BUILDING
  • NEED
  • ?Exposure to IT and Geoinformatics Technology
  • Application for MGNREGS
  • ? Familiarisation with Application Modules
  • Skill Development on data handling, analysis
  • and mapping
  • ? Knowledge enhancement through Convergence

34
OBJECTIVES OF TOT COURSE
?To impart hands on training to Master
Trainers, field functionaries and project
managers of NREGA on the Capabilities of
Geoinformatics ?To demonstrate various
application potential of Geoinformatics
in NREGA Planning ? To familiarize the
various GIS Software and application tools
?To impart working knowledge of handling GIS to
develop applications for NREGA works
35
COURSE MODULES
Module I Concept, technology, applications and
trends in Geo-informatics- 2 days Principles,
concepts, tools, process and applications of
Remote Sensing, Geographical Information Systems
(GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS)
specific to NREGS through PPts, videos, films and
Case studies and best practices. Module II
Digital Image Processing Interpretation of
Resource maps for NREGS 2 days Introduction to
Image Processing, rectification, Sub setting
Mosaicing, Enhancement techniques,
classification, Preparation of Land Use/Land
Cover, Generation of Slope, Aspect, DEM
Generation, Change Detection Techniques.
Practical sessions will be held in the lab with
examples focused on MGNREGS activities.
36
Module III Geographical Information Systems
(GIS) Preparation of Thematic maps for NREGS
2 days Introduction to GIS, Data Models (Raster,
Vector), Geo-referencing, Digitization,
Importing and Exporting Data, Creation and
converting the geo-database, Topology, Editing
the existing features, working with layers,
Integration and Analysis with specialized focus
on MGNREGS schemes and works with appropriate
hand holding exercises in the lab Module IV
Ground truthing of NREGS works 1 day Field
Verification, ground truth data collection, hand
holding of GPS/DGPS/Total stations for
Engineering structures and measurement of works
done etc with visit to an ongoing scheme of
MGNREGS wherein the participants are required to
perform the measurements, formulation and
computations on a geoinformatics platform like
handhelds Palm tops (PDAs), Net books Module
V Project exercise 3 days Participants are
required to deal with data collected on field and
integrate them on a GIS platform and prepare
shelf of works for village level plan, to be used
for identifying/planning, monitoring and
evaluation. This module will actually give an
experience to participants to use the l
techniques learnt during the course.
37
PARTICIPANTS LEVEL
?District level officials engaged in planning,
Implementation of NREGS works ? Faculty
from SIRDS/ATIs/Regional RD Institutes/ ETC/
VRC/ CIC etc, ?Officials from Sectoral
Departments, engineering departments,
Involved in NREGS ? PRI Functionaries, CEOs of
Zilla Parishads/ Project Directors of NREGS
38
BUDGET
Training cost for 30 TOT Programme (Cost Per
Programme in Rs)
Description Estimated Amount in RS
Study Material (DVDs, Workbooks, Open Source Software, Background Study Material And Field Guides) 1,50,000
Local field visit for conducting GPS/DGPS based survey hands on exercise for measurements, location identification and structural design 1,50,000
Lodging Boarding 1,65,000
Faculty cost, Guest Lecture 60,000
Travel cost for Guest Lecturers and core faculty 80,000
Miscellaneous 30,000
Total 6,35,000
39
PARTNER INSTITUTIONS
  • Institutions No. Programme
  • ?SIRD 56
  • VRC 20
  • CICs 20
  • ? CGARD Centres 25
  • CGARD NIRD 10
  • NERC /ERC/NC 15
  • Total No. of TOT Programmes 146

? Estimated No. of Participants to be trained
4380
  • Total Financial requirements for
  • conducting 146 courses
  • _at_ Rs. 6,35,000 Rs. 9,27,10,000

40
Process documentation of ICT Best Practices
under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment
Guarantee Scheme
41
Introduction Mahatma Gandhi National Rural
Employment Guarantee Act implementation of in all
States and Union Territories of India Though the
Act is analogous to all states, some States
perform better than other. All states have
adopted their own strategies to implement this
Act effectively. Some states adopted some
innovative practices for better implementation
Objectives Documentation of Best Practices
adopted by various states in implementation and
payment of wages under MGNREGS To video document
Best Practices to share during the Training
Programmes in various states (both in Hindi and
English).
42
  • Details of Documentation
  • SMS monitoring of workers attendance Tamil
    Nadu
  • Biometric payment and of wages through post
    offices Andhra Pradesh
  • Payment of Wages through Smart CardAndhra
    Pradesh (Banks), Orissa (Post Offices)
  • Payment through mobile ATMs Dadra, Nagar
    Haveli
  • Social Audit Process and follow up actionAndhra
    Pradesh
  • Online entry of muster rolls and measurements,
    generation of wage slipsAndhra Pradesh and
    Chhattisgarh.
  • Computerization of Gram PanchayatsRajasthan
  • Payment through ATMs-Tamil Nadu Kerala

43
  • Time Frame 6 months
  • Budget Requirement
  • Process Study by NIRD Research Team including
    their travel and faculty charges Rs.5.00lakhs
  • Video Documentation Charges Rs.30.00 lakh _at_
    Rs.3.00 lakh per film
  • NIRD Institutional Charges (10) Rs.3.5 lakh
  • Total Cost of Documentation Rs. 38.50 lakh

44
BUDGET
Sl No Description Amount in Rs
1 Satellite imageries for value added products 1. Stereo pairs 2. High resolution (.6 m) images 3. Value Added digital data products 67,50,000
2 Man power for projection implementation 19,20,000
3 Field Investigators 9,00,000
4 TA/DA of research team project staff 15,00,000
5 Hardware/software support 20,00,000
6 Customized software integration 20,00,000
7 Miscellaneous 2,00,000
8 Over heads 30,54,000
  Total 1,83,24,000
45
BUDGET
Training cost for 30 TOT Programme (Cost Per
Programme in Rs)
Description Estimated Amount in RS
Study Material (DVDs, Workbooks, Open Source Software, Background Study Material And Field Guides) 1,50,000
Local field visit for conducting GPS/DGPS based survey hands on exercise for measurements, location identification and structural design 1,50,000
Lodging Boarding 1,65,000
Faculty cost, Guest Lecture 60,000
Travel cost for Guest Lecturers and core faculty 80,000
Miscellaneous 30,000
Total 6,35,000
46
Total Cost of Documentation Rs. 38.50 lakh
47
THANK YOU
THANK YOU
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