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Our Gospel Age Heritage

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Our Gospel Age Heritage (Fore Gleams of the Reformation) Wycliffe Arius Waldo Huss – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Our Gospel Age Heritage


1
Our Gospel Age Heritage
  • (Fore Gleams of the Reformation)

Wycliffe
Arius
Waldo
Huss
2
Self Examination Hymn 13 5 verses
  • Am I a soldier of the cross,
  • A folw- er of the Lamb?
  • And shall I fear to own his cause,
  • Or blush to speak his name?

3
  • Must I be borne to Par adise,
  • On Flower y beds of ease,
  • While oth-ers fought win the prize,
  • And sailed through bloody seas?

4
  • Are there no foes for me to face?
  • Must I not stem the flood?
  • Is this vain world a friend to grace,
  • To help me on to God?

5
  • Sure I must fight if I would reign
  • Increase my courage, Lord
  • Ill bear the toil, endure the pain,
  • Support - ed by thy Word.

6
  • When thine il-lus-trious day shall rise,
  • And all thy saints shall shine,
  • And shouts of vic-try rend the skies,
  • The glory, Lord, be thine.

7
Our Gospel Age Heritage
  • (Fore Gleams of the Reformation)

Wycliffe
Arius
Waldo
Huss
8
Our Gospel Age Heritage
  • (Fore Gleams of the Reformation)

Presbyter of Alexandria, Egypt, he was widely
acclaimed for his scholarly, ascetic and morally
exemplary life. Opposed to lordship in the
church, he humbly declined the offer of becoming
bishop of Alexandria. Arius became the chief
spokesman for the early church view of the
Arius
9
Our Gospel Age Heritage
  • (Fore Gleams of the Reformation)

pre-eminence of the Heavenly Father above all
other beings. He resisted the efforts of
churchmen such as Alexander and Athanasius to
equate Jesus with God. He believed the Bible
taught that Jesus was to be highly esteemed above
men and not co-eternal, co-equal, or identical in
substance.
Arius
10
Our Gospel Age Heritage
  • (Fore Gleams of the Reformation)

There was a time when the Son was not he was
made, like all creatures, of a substance that had
not previously existed. In 321 A.D. he was
excommunicated by a synod convened by Alexander,
the ruling patriarch As the dispute escalated to
threaten the unity of the empire, the Emperor
Arius
11
Our Gospel Age Heritage
  • (Fore Gleams of the Reformation)

Constantine convened the Council of Nicea in 325
to settle the matter. At the council, the emperor
himself took a leading role, although it is
doubtful that he could have comprehended the
theological points at issue. Essentially a
politician, he concluded that the Alexandrian
view was the most
Arius
12
Our Gospel Age Heritage
  • (Fore Gleams of the Reformation)

expedient. He therefore forced its adoption upon
the council and threatened loss of position to
any who disagreed. Only Arius and two bishops
refused to sign the Creed all three were
banished. Undaunted, Arius composed a rival creed
to that of Nicea which so impressed Constantine
that he was
Arius
13
Our Gospel Age Heritage
  • (Fore Gleams of the Reformation)

recalled. But on the very day of his installation
ceremony in Constantinople, Arius died under
suspicious circumstances, leading his friends to
suspect he had been poisoned. The Seven
Churches of Revelation, Redeker, 1989,
p. 12
Arius
14
And to the angel of the church of Pergamos
write These things are spoken by him who has the
sharp two edged sword. I know where you live -
where Satan sits enthroned. I know that you
hold fast to my name and that you never denied
your faith in me even in the days when Antipas,
my faithful witness, was killed before your eyes
in the very house of Satan. Rev. 212, 13
(Phillips)
15
And to the angel of the church of Pergamos
write These things are spoken by him who has the
sharp two edged sword. I know where you live -
where Satan sits enthroned. I know that you
hold fast to my name and that you never denied
your faith in me even in the days when Antipas,
my faithful witness, was killed before your eyes
in the very house of Satan. Rev. 212, 13
(Phillips)
Arius and others who followed him were still
part of the Papal system
16
And to the angel of the church of Pergamos
write These things are spoken by him who has the
sharp two edged sword. I know where you live -
where Satan sits enthroned. I know that you
hold fast to my name and that you never denied
your faith in me even in the days when Antipas,
my faithful witness, was killed before your eyes
in the very house of Satan. Rev. 212, 13
(Phillips)
They defended the truth regarding the
superiority of God
17
And to the angel of the church of Pergamos
write These things are spoken by him who has the
sharp two edged sword. I know where you live -
where Satan sits enthroned. I know that you
hold fast to my name and that you never denied
your faith in me even in the days when Antipas,
my faithful witness, was killed before your eyes
in the very house of Satan. Rev. 212, 13
(Phillips)
Antipas means anti-father
18
And to the angel of the church of Pergamos
write These things are spoken by him who has the
sharp two edged sword. I know where you live -
where Satan sits enthroned. I know that you
hold fast to my name and that you never denied
your faith in me even in the days when Antipas,
my faithful witness, was killed before your eyes
in the very house of Satan. Rev. 212, 13
(Phillips)
Arius murdered as he waited to be reinstated as
priest
19
Their legacy was one of hungering for the truth
of Gods word, balanced with a God-honoring
lifestyle
20
Sell everything that you have and give to the
poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then
come, follow me. Luke 1822 (NIV)
In 1170 AD he founded a group known as The
Poor of Lyon
Peter Waldo
21
He arranged for the Gospels and some other books
of the Bible to be translated in common speech .
. . which he read very often, though without
understanding their import. Infatuated with
himself, he usurped the prerogatives of the
Apostles by presuming to preach the Gospel in the
streets, where he
Peter Waldo
22
made many disciples, and involving them, both men
and women, in a like presumption by sending them
out, in turn, to preach. These people, ignorant
and illiterate, went about through the towns,
entering houses and even churches, spreading many
errors round about.
Peter Waldo
23
The principal heresy, then, of the aforesaid
Waldensians was and still remains the contempt
for ecclesiastical power. Excommunicated for this
reason and delivered to Satan, they were
precipitated into innumerable errors. . . The
erring followers and sacrilegious masters of this
sect
Peter Waldo
24
hold and teach that they are not subject to the
lord pope or Roman pontiff or to any prelates of
the Roman Church. From an Inquisitors report
found in church archives in southern France
Peter Waldo
25
The name Waldo can be said as Valdensius His
followers then were referred to as the
Waldensians They were simply Catholics who
wanted to live simple austere lives and preach
the Gospel to the world
Peter Waldo
26
The two witnesses are the Old and New Testaments

I will give authority to my two witnesses to
proclaim the message, clothed in sackcloth and
ashes for twelve hundred and sixty days. Rev.
113
27
(No Transcript)
28
Common Issues Among Other Groups
  • The propriety of poverty and asceticism
  • as a means of spiritual growth
  • the role of ritualism in their lives
  • they espoused deep involvement of the laity in
    Christian service and activity
  • the integrity of the clergy, and the
  • worldly lifestyle of many of the priests
  • Papal interpretation of the Bible

29
The Waldensians Believed
  • The Scriptures alone were sufficient to guide
    people to Salvation
  • The blessings of the Church did not confer any
    particular sanctity upon the things or persons
    blessed
  • Catholic priests. . .had no authority and the
    Pope of Rome was the chief of all heretics
  • Everyone had the right to preach publicly the
    word of God
  • Purgatory is a dream, an invention of the sixth
    century
  • Indulgences were the invention of covetous Priests

30
The Waldensians Believed
  • The invocation of Saints is wrong
  • Every honor given to holy images and to the
    relics of Saints should to be abolished
  • Hearing Confession was useless, . . .it was
    enough to confess our sins to God
  • The church and the state should remain as
    separate authorities
  • The bread and wine were to be viewed as a
    memorial, not as a sacrifice

31
Waldensians fleeing the Crusades
1214 - First crusade against the Waldensians
began
Waldensian Strong holds
32
For twenty long years Languedoc and Provence in
France were subjected to a blood bath which not
only wiped out the most advanced culture of the
time but introduced into the Church, the rule
that any ideological deviation must be crushed by
force.
Waldensians fleeing the Crusades
1214 - First crusade against the Waldensians
began
Tens of thousands were murdered
Giorgio Tourn, The Waldensians, p. 18
33
In June of 1561 the Italian town of San Sisto,
with its 6,000 inhabitants was burned to the
ground. Another neighboring Italian
Burning of San Sisto
town, Guardia Piemontese, was likewise destroyed.
Prisoners were burned like torches, sold as
slaves to the Moors or condemned to die of
starvation in dungeons. The massacre reached its
height at Montalto Uffugo on June 11th. On the
steps in front of the parish church, 88
Waldensians were slaughtered one by one, like
animals brought to market. Giorgio Tourn,
The Waldensians, p. 88
34
Waldensian Pastor Henri Arnaud - 1692
  • . . .Men and women, great and lesser, day and
    night do not cease to learn and teach the
    workman who labors all day teaches or learns at
    night . . . "
  • Edward Peters, Heresy and Authority in Medieval
    Europe, p. 153

35
  • I know your deeds, your love and faith, your
    service and perseverance, and that you are now
    doing more than you did at first. Rev. 219
    (NIV)

36
Wycliffe was a pupil, a graduate, a master, a
doctor, and a professor in Oxford University, an
institution second to none in Europe In Oxford,
Wycliffe stood without a rival. He was a man of
slender frame, genial disposition, immense
energy, immovable conviction, and of austere
plainness and purity of life.
John Wycliffe
History of the Church of God, p. 457 - Hassell
37
The great theme of Wycliffes life was summed up
in his glorious statement, The sacred Scriptures
be the property of the people, and one which no
party should be allowed to wrest from them.
John Wycliffe
There are currently over 500 English translations
of the Bible
38
This 1410 Wycliffe New Testament was the
personal copy of one of Englands most famous
martyrs, Richard Hunne. Richard Hunnes lawsuits
against the Roman Catholic clergy of England
resulted in his murder at the Lollards Tower,
and Hunne is
mentioned in Foxes Book of Martyrs for this.
Hunne was put on trial posthumously, and this
very New Testament is mentioned in the
depositions of these famous trials. This
particular piece is probably the single most
important symbol of the Protestant movement in
England that is in private hands. There is no
way to put a market value on it It is being
offered at 2.75 Million Dollars
39
Luttenworth Church Where Wycliffe Preached
Wycliffes Pulpit
  • Wealth and power had so corrupted the church that
    a reform was needed
  • The church should return to the poverty and
  • simplicity of the apostles
  • Church property should be taken over by the state

40
Luttenworth Church Where Wycliffe Preached
Wycliffes Pulpit
  • Applied prophecies of Daniel to Papacy
  • The Bible should be the only rule to follow
  • Oppossed church hierarchy, the priesthood,
    indulgences, confession, penance, veneration of
    images and transsubstantiation

41
It took months to produce just one Bible
42
The Lollards
  • From Dutch word, Lollaerd, - to lull to sleep
    (Derivative of lullaby )
  • From Latin word Lolium - tares
  • From Old English word Loller a lazy
    vagabond, a fraudulent beggar

43
The Lollards
These are the words of him who holds the seven
spirits of God and the seven stars. I know your
deeds you have a reputation of being alive, but
you are dead. Wake up! Strengthen what remains
and is about to die If you do not wake up I will
come like a thief, and you will not know what
time I come to you.
Rev. 31-3 (NIV)
44
The Lollards
Sardis means Remnant
These are the words of him who holds the seven
spirits of God and the seven stars. I know your
deeds you have a reputation of being alive, but
you are dead. Wake up! Strengthen what remains
and is about to die If you do not wake up I will
come like a thief, and you will not know what
time I come to you.
Rev. 31-3 (NIV)
45
The Lollards
These are the words of him who holds the seven
spirits of God and the seven stars. I know your
deeds you have a reputation of being alive, but
you are dead. Wake up! Strengthen what remains
and is about to die If you do not wake up I will
come like a thief, and you will not know what
time I come to you.
Rev. 31-3 (NIV)
46
As a response to Waldos Poor Men of Lyon
Papacy formed a group known as Mendicant
Friars Mendicant to beg
They copied Waldos approach of poverty and
preaching because they saw how popular it was and
they wanted to counteract Waldos work and bring
people back to the crumbling church Also known
as The Begging Friars
47
The Swift River
Luttenworth Church
Morning Star of the Reformation
His doctrines would spread throughout the world
as his ashes spread to the sea.
48
Persecution of the Lollards
49
  • Princess Ann offered Bohemian students
    scholarships to Oxford
  • These students then carried the doctrines of
    Wycliffe back home with them

Painting of Coronation/Marriage of King Richard
II and Princess Ann of Bohemia
50
John Huss
51
Huss Before the Counsel
Here is the Heresiarch (Chief advocate of a
heresy)
52
Arriving at the gate of the Episcopal palace,
he saw a pile of wood, and believed that he was
already at the place of execution. He was soon
undeceived, for the wood being fired, he saw his
writings brought forward, and successively thrown
into the flames. He now approached the large
area,
Here is the Heresiarch (Chief advocate of a
heresy)
53
which had been cleared from the crowd, who still
anxiously pressed forward wherever the vigilance
of the guards was relaxed. In the center he saw
an accumulation of bundled sticks, amidst which a
strong post was erected. Several men were
employed in carrying more wood in
Here is the Heresiarch (Chief advocate of a
heresy)
54
the open space, and four large bundles of straw
were placed inside the bundled sticks. A man of
ferocious aspect stood near the post about which
the bundled wood was being piled. He was engaged
in dis-entangling the coils of a rope, which had
been recently immersed in
Here is the Heresiarch (Chief advocate of a
heresy)
55
water, and two or three chains were laid across a
bench, with the appearance of careful
arrangement The executioner then took a frock,
prepared with pitch and tar. It was brought to
Huss, and wearing this, he was conducted to the
stake
Here is the Heresiarch (Chief advocate of a
heresy)
56
Huss was first tied round the middle with cords.
A chain was passed over these, and chains were
fastened to his left leg and his neck. Thus
securely bound to the stake, the wooden bundles
were piled to the chin straw was placed beneath
and between them where it was thought likely most
effectually to contribute to
Here is the Heresiarch (Chief advocate of a
heresy)
57
the fierceness of the blaze. A moment of awful
expectation followed. The executioner approached
with a lighted torch when the Duke of Bavaria
rode up to Huss, and loudly called to him,
demanding that he should now renounce his errors
at the same time reminding him that in a few
moments it would be out of his power
58
to do so. I thought the danger already passed
he replied but happily, I am nothing tempted to
gainsay what I have advanced. I have taught the
truth, and am now ready to seal it with my blood.
Ultimately it shall prevail, though I may not see
it. This day you kindle the flames of persecution
about a poor and worthless
59
sinner but the spirit which animates me, shall,
phoenix-like, ascend from my ashes, soar
majestically on high through many succeeding
ages, and prove to all the Christian world, how
vain this persecution, how impotent your rage.
60
Huss saw the torch resumed, and in the same
instant he heard the crackling of the lighted
straw. The Massachusetts Spy and Worcester
County Advertiser Wednesday, September 27, 1826
61
  • Yet you have a few people in Sardis who have
    not soiled their clothes. They will walk with me,
    dressed in white, for they are worthy. He who
    overcomes will, like me, be dressed in white. I
    will never erase his name from the book of life,
    but will acknowledge his name before my father
    and his angels. Rev. 34, 5

62
  • And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw
    under the altar the souls of them that were slain
    for the word of God, and for the testimony which
    they held And they cried with a loud voice,
    saying, How long O

lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and
avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?
And white robes were given unto every one of
them and it was said unto them, that they should
63
rest yet for a little season, until their fellow
servants also and their brethren, that should be
killed as they were, should be fulfilled.
Rev. 69-11
64
The persecution experienced during the 5th stage
of the church would continue for a season, but
after that season justice would be served
65
Season Greek Chronos- Quantity of Time
Chronos 1518 AD 1 Prophetic
Year 1878 AD (360
Years)
66
In your struggle against sin, you have not yet
resisted to the point of shedding your
blood. Heb. 124 (NIV)
67
Be strong and courageous The Lord himself
goeth before you and will be with you He will
never leave you or forsake you. Do not be afraid
do not be discouraged. Deut. 317, 8
68
They overcame him (Satan) by the blood of the
Lamb and by the word of their testimony they did
not love their lives so much as to shrink from
death. Therefore rejoice you heavens and you who
dwell in them!. Rev. 12 10-12
69
The Church Hymn 281
  • The Churchs one foundation
  • Is Jesus Christ her Lord
  • She is his new creation,
  • By water and the word.
  • From heavn he came and sought her
  • To be his holy bride
  • With his own blood he bought her,
  • and for her life he died

70
  • Though with a scournful wonder,
  • Men see her sore opprest
  • By foes too great to number,
  • By trials sore dis-trest,
  • Yet saints their watch are keeping
  • Their cry goes up, How long?
  • And soon the night of weeping
  • Shall change to morn of song.

71
  • Mid toil and tribulation,
  • And tumult of her war,
  • She waits the consumation
  • Of peace for-ever-more
  • Till, with the vision glorious,
  • Her longing eyes are blest,
  • And the great Church vic-to-rious
  • Shall be the Church at rest.

72
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73
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