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Implementation of

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Sustainability Science Workshop, UN Headquarters, New York, October 5, 2010 Industry Academia Collaboration Towards Sustainability on the case of – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Implementation of


1
Sustainability Science Workshop, UN Headquarters,
New York, October 5, 2010
IndustryAcademia Collaboration Towards
Sustainability on the case of Solar-PV
Technology
Katsumi Kushiya Showa Shell Sekiyu K.K. Solar
Frontier K.K. The University of Tokyo
2
Outline
  1. Who is Showa Shell Sekiyu K.K. Solar Frontier
    K.K.
  2. Successful results of Collaboration between
    Industry and Academia on the RD of Solar-PV
    Technology
  3. International survival race on Solar-PV or
    Sustainable Growth of Solar-PV

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Outline
  1. Who is Showa Shell Sekiyu K.K. Solar Frontier
    K.K.
  2. Successful results of Collaboration between
    Industry and Academia on the RD of Solar-PV
    Technology
  3. International survival race on Solar-PV or
    Sustainable Growth of Solar-PV

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Solar-PV Cells Appearance
Single Crystalline Si From Space to Terrestrial
Polycrystalline Si
Amorphous Si (film)
Amorphous Si/ micro-crystalline Si (Tandem)
CIS
9
History of RD of Solar-PV in Japan NEDO RD
Programs
Sunshine Program gt Commercialization of Sharp,
Kyocera
1st Generation PV Crystalline-Si PV Single
Crystal Si to Polycrystalline Si Power source in
the Space to Terrestrial Power Application
Sunshine and New Sunshine (1st Phase) Programs gt
Commercialization of Fuji Electric, Sanyo
Electric, Kaneka, MHI, Sharp ( First Solar)
1st Generation Thin-film PV Amorphous Si, CdTe
After 2005, holding the market share in the
European market, especially in Germany.
New Sunshine (2nd Phase) Program, Advanced PV
Technology Program and Future PV Technology
Program gt Commercialization of Showa Shell
Sekiyu, Kaneka, MHI
2nd Generation Thin-film PV CIS, Amorphous Si/
Microcrystalline-Si Tandem Higher performance
than 1st Generation Thin-film PV
3rd Generation Thin-film PV Organic Thin-film
PV (DSC and Organic)
Innovative Next Generation PV Technology Program
and Future PV Technology Program
10
From Simple to Complex
IV
Si
III-V
II-VI
Epitaxial film (In,Ga)As Alloy System
Polycrystalline thin film CdTe
I-III-VI2
Polycrystalline thin film Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S)2
(Chalcopyrite Alloy)
I-III-VI2 Alloy Group I Cu, Group III In and
Ga, Group VI Se and S
11
Never Ending Goal of RD
1st Generation PV Crystalline-Si PV Single
Crystal Si to Polycrystalline Si Power source in
the Space to Terrestrial Power Application
1st Generation Thin-film PV Amorphous Si, CdTe
After 2005, holding the market share in the
European market, especially in Germany.
2nd Generation Thin-film PV CIS, Amorphous
Si/Microcrystalline-Si Tandem Higher performance
than 1st Generation Thin-film PV
3rd Generation Thin-film PV Organic Thin-film
PV (DSC and Organic)
Cost reduction
Grid parity
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15
Collaboration between industry and academia
Happy time
RD Transition
Commercialization
Business
Contribution Factor of Academia
16
Outline
  1. Who is Showa Shell Sekiyu K.K. Solar Frontier
    K.K.
  2. Successful results of Collaboration between
    Industry and Academia on the RD of Solar-PV
    Technology
  3. International survival race on Solar-PV or
    Sustainable Growth of Solar-PV

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Related Industries in Solar-PV
Equipment makers
Raw materials and module parts suppliers
Related companies of Equipment maintenance,
Industrial waste disposal, Analytical works
Organization for IEC Certification JET (J), TÜV
(G), UL (USA), Organization for ISO
Solar-PV Makers
Authorities for license and approval Local
government (Application and notification), Fire
authorities, Agency for High-pressure gas law,
Keeping various laws and rules
Educational institutions to bring up the people
with special talent or skills
Utility companies
Distribution networks, Storage/Warehouse
PV system integrator installer of House
builders, Building firms, Electrical appliance
stores, Large-scale shopping center (SC)
Parts related to the Solar-PV systems Battery,
Power conditioner, Rack and related goods,
Electrical wire/Cables, Distribution panel,
Switchboard, Meters, Displays
19
Industrialization of Solar-PV So far, two
successful ideas
20
Approaches for Industrialization
  • Feed-in-Tariff System good for Developed
    countries Germany, Spain, other EU countries,
    the USA and Japan
  • Tax Heaven Policy good for Developing
    countries Malaysia, one of Oil-producing
    countries and High population having a high level
    of education (? Strength of Asian countries).
  • Companies decided to construct the mfg plant
    in Malaysia First Solar, Q-cells, SunPower and
    Tokuyama
  • Development of Environmentally-Friendly City
  • good for Oil-producing countries Masdar City
    (Abu Dhabi), KACST (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)
  • Development of wide range of infrastructure

21
Impact of Feed in Tariff
  • Incentive (Financial support) was finished in
    Japan.
  • Revised Feed-in-Tariff was effective in Germany.

Cumulative Installed PV Power MW
Source Table 2 Cumulative installed PV power
(MW) in IEA PVPS Countries Historical Perspective
of Trends in Photovoltaic Applications Survey
Report of selected IEA countries between 1992 and
2007
22
Solar-PV related companies in Germany after FIT
system
  • New industry Job Creation In Germany,
    exclusively PV-system related companies were
    created, such as PV dealer/ distributor,
    PV-system installer/ integrator (i.e. downstream
    business sectors) because Feed-in-tariff system
    is a market-pull policy.
  • However, too rapid growth of the German PV market
    was the main reason of the delay to create the
    upstream business sectors of Solar-PV business,
    i.e. mfg companies in Germany.
  • Therefore, the German PV market had to import the
    PV products from the world to keep its growth
    rate.

23
What Feed in Tariff changed
PV Company 2004 World Total Prod., 1.19 GW PV Company 2007 World Total Prod., 3.73 GW PV Company 2009 World Total Prod., 10.66 GW
Sharp 27.1 Q-Cells 10.4 First Solar 9.5
Kyocera 8.8 Sharp 9.7 Suntech 6.6
Q-Cells (Germany) 6.3 Suntech (China) 8.8 Sharp 5.6
Mitsubishi Electric 6.3 Kyocera 5.5 Q-Cells 5.0
Sanyo 5.4 First Solar (CdTe, USA) 5.5 Yingli (China) 4.9
BP Solar (Australia) 4.4 Motech (Taiwan) 5.3 JA Solar (China) 4.8
Schott Solar (Germany) 4.4 Sanyo 4.4 Kyocera 3.8
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From Raw Materials to Waste (Control of product
Life Cycle)
Basic device-design concept 1)Achieve high
performance for the grid parity. 2)Meet the RoHS
Directives containing neither Cd nor Pb. 3)Mfg
capacity over GW
Selection of Raw Materials
Mfg
  • Quality Assurance
  • Meet the IEC systems and the ISO.

Sales and Service
Long-life product
Future subject ?
  • Minimize the waste
  • Prepare the Materials cycling society
  • Complete the Life cycle control.

Materials Recycle, Recovery of valuables
http//www.pvcycle.org/index.php?id3
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