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The National Negro Health Movement


The National Negro Health Movement 1915 -1951 Where there is no vision the people perish. - Booker T. Washington Origins 45 percent of all deaths among Negroes ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The National Negro Health Movement

The National Negro Health Movement
  • 1915 -1951

Where there is no vision the people perish.-
Booker T. Washington
  • 45 percent of all deaths among Negroes were
  • There are 450,000 Negroes seriously ill all the
    time the annual cost of this illness is 75
    million dollars
  • Sickness and death cause Negroes annually 100
    million dollars

Because of these facts I have thought it
advisable to ask the Negro people of the whole
country to join in a movement which shall be
known as Health Improvement Week beginning
April 11 to April 17, inclusive, 1915. By means
of these organizations and agencies, all the
colored people can be reached and
influenced. They can be taught what to do to aid
in improving their health conditions.
Origins continued
  • Growing lay public health movement
  • Increasing membership of National Medical
  • Documentation of disparities in health status

Philosophical Orientation
  • A given community is either a healthy community
    with adequate facilities for prevention and care,
    or it needs to face its lacks and work out plans
    for necessary social, economic and physical
    changes to meet these problems.

Structure of National Negro Health Week
Sunday Mobilization Day
  • Health sermons
  • Health talks
  • Churches
  • Popular mass meetings
  • Speakers
  • Music

Monday Home Health Day
  • Home cleanup
  • Parents meetings
  • Consider proper sex education

Tuesday Community Sanitation Day
  • Water, food and milk supply
  • Waste disposal
  • Clean streets
  • Paving
  • Safe wells
  • Sanitary privies

Wednesday Special Campaign Day
  • Survey of community needs
  • Concentration on practical objectives
  • Noon conference

Thursday Adult Health Day
  • Emphasis on annual health examination
  • Opportunities for examination
  • Health talks to mens and womens organizations

Friday School Health and Safety Day
  • Involve parents
  • Health essays, songs, games, plays
  • Health examinations
  • School cleanup
  • Health clubs
  • Emphasize health,first education
  • Emphasize safety, first living

Saturday General Cleanup Day
  • Cooperative, large scale cleanup activities
  • Inspection of community campaign results
  • Completion of unfinished activities
  • Collect data and take pictures for reports and
    newspaper stories

Sunday Reports and Follow-up Day
  • Close campaign with enthusiastic meeting
  • Talks
  • Music
  • Experiences

Selection of Channels and Audience Reach
  • Churches
  • Schools
  • Clinics and hospitals
  • Radio broadcasts
  • Newspapers
  • Mass meetings of local civic groups

Health Communication Materials
  • The Health Week Bulletin
  • The Health Week Poster
  • The Health Week School Leaflet
  • The Health Week Radio Broadcast
  • The Health Week Sermon

(No Transcript)
Movement Objectives
  • Consultation with state health officers on public
    health problems
  • Contact with state and local Negro organizations
    to secure aid in furthering efforts for the
    protection and promotion of the health of the

Movement Objectives
  • Stimulation of employment of Negro public health
    personnel by state and local health department
    and other agencies
  • Consistent efforts to elevate the standards of
    training for Negro and recruit persons to public
    health work
  • Special efforts to emphasize health work in Negro

Movement Objectives
  • Maintenance of a register of speakers qualified
    to give talks on public health subjects
  • Establishment in the central office of the NNH
    Movement of a list of qualified Negro health
    workers for those agencies seeking to employ such
  • The development of a depository of health
    information relating to the colored population

Movement Objectives
  • Analysis of the census data and vital statistics
    to determine the distribution of population and
    the nature and extent of health problems
  • Promotion of the Health Week as a period for
    emphasis on general health status of the Negro
    population and the program for health improvement.

  • Objectives
  • Cleanup activities
  • Educational activities
  • Practical - clinic visits, attendance, community
    health events
  • Local prizes awarded
  • Other accomplishments
  • Field service
  • Media coverage (articles, photos, etc.)

(No Transcript)
What was significant about the National Negro
Health Movement?
  • It was a movement from within the group for its
    own betterment.
  • It helped to change the attitudes toward
    sickness, disease and death.
  • It helped to create an appreciation and demand
    for better living conditions.
  • It helped to change attitudes toward governmental
    organizations with respect to health and sanitary

  • City and state health departments and the Public
    Health Service utilized Black professionals to
    communicate regulations and programs of
    governmental agencies promoting general health
    improvement to the Black community.
  • It represented one of the most effective means
    for direct or indirect cooperation of whites and
    Blacks devised at that time.

  • The Black community became one of the most active
    American groups in the national, in fact,
    worldwide movement for health improvement.
  • When the National Negro Health Week was
    established in 1915, life expectancy for Blacks
    was about 35 years. For the period 1929 to 1931,
    life expectancy increased to 47 years for Black
    males and 49 years for Black females.

  • It addressed multiple levels of the
    socio-ecological model.
  • It recognized the importance of collaborative
    efforts across government, non-profit agencies,
    and community institutions.
  • It utilized community based and community
    development approaches to public health.
  • It demonstrated sensitivity to the culture,
    assets and needs of the communities served.

Model Health Communication Campaigns Demonstrate
  • Supplementation of media activities with
    extensive collaboration of actual community
  • Measurement of clear objectives with process
    evaluation activities

Model Health Communication Campaigns Demonstrate
  • Attention to multiple channels
  • Culturally sensitive matching of channels and
    materials to target audience needs

Community Based and Community Development
  • Community Development
  • The process of organizing and/or supporting
    community groups in their identification of
    important concerns and issues and their ability
    to plan and implement strategies to mitigate
    their concerns and resolve their issues.

Community Based and Community Development
  • Community Based
  • The process of health professionals and/or health
    agencies defining the health problem, developing
    strategies to remedy the problem, involving local
    community members and groups to assist in solving
    the problem, working to transfer major
    responsibility for ongoing program to local
    community members and groups.