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Orwell

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Orwell s Animal Farm VS. The Russian Revolution – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Orwell


1
Orwells Animal Farm VS. The Russian Revolution
2
Russian Society
  • Russia was in an appalling state of poverty while
    the Tsar lived in luxury. There was tremendous
    dissatisfaction.

3
Czar Nicholas II (May 18, 1868 July 17, 1918)
4
Czar Nicholas II (May 18, 1868 July 17, 1918)
  • A poor leader at best, compared to western
    leaders
  • Cruel - sometimes brutal with opponents
  • Sometimes kind - hired students as spies to make

5
Nicholas II
  • Believed he was the unquestionable leader of
    Russia appointed by God.
  • Had unarmed protesters murdered in the streets in
    1905.

6
  • KARL MARX THE FATHER OF COMMUNISM

7
Marx (5 May 1818 14 March 1883)
8
Marx (5 May 1818 14 March 1883)
  • Marx believed that the private ownership of land
    must be abolished.

9
Marx
  • Believed in Communal way of life where everyone
    shares in prosperity.

10
Marx
  • Invented Communism
  • Workers of the world unite", take over gov't
  • Dies before Russian Revolution

11
Communism
  • All people equal
  • Government owns everything, People own government

12
Lenin (22 April 1870  21 January 1924)
13
Lenin (22 April 1870  21 January 1924)
  • Lenin adopted Marxs ideas. He believed that the
    bourgeoisie (middle class) exploited the workers
    and must therefore be overthrown.

14
Propoganda
  • Propaganda is promoting certain ideas.
  • Words frequently used as synonyms
  • for propaganda are lies, distortion, deceit,
    manipulation, mind control, psychological
    warfare, and brainwashing.

15
Example of Propaganda Technique
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vSsV2O4fCgjk
  • Which propaganda techniques do we see?

16
Lenin
  • Lenin understood the emotional impact of simple,
    powerful slogans like workers of the world unite

17
Lenin
  • Changed Russias name to the USSR
  • USSRUnion of Soviet Socialist Republics

18
Lenin Dies
  • When Lenin died, there was a power struggle
    between Trotsky and Stalin.
  • It is believed Lenin ordered Nicholas II murdered

19
Leon Trosky 7 November 1879 21 August 1940)
20
Leon Trotsky
  • One of the leaders of "October Revolution along
    with Lenin and Stalin
  • October revolution in1917, which destroyed the
    Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the
    Soviet Union.
  • Believed in pure communism, followed Marx

21
Trotsky
  • Trotsky was a brilliant speaker. With Lenin he
    succeeded in overthrowing the government in
    October 1917. Lenin was the President, Trotsky
    the Commissar for Foreign Affairs.

22
Commissar
  • Former name of a head of a government department
    in the Soviet Union. Like Secretary of State
    Colin Powell

23
  • Trotsky favored world revolution.

24
Trotsky
  • Wanted to improve life for all in Russia
  • Chased away by Lenin's KGB (Lenin's secret police)

25
Civil War
  • From 1918 1921 there was civil war. Foreign
    countries including Britain, France, Poland and
    USA were alarmed at the spread of communism but
    the Red Army (the Bolsheviks) led by Trotsky
    proved successful.

26
Joseph Stalin (18 December 1878 5 March 1953)
27
  • Stalin continually opposed Trotsky

28
Joseph Stalin
  • Average speaker, not educated like Trotsky
  • Didn't exactly follow Marx's ideas

29
Stalin
  • Craved power, willing to kill for it
  • Used KGB, allowed church, and propagandized

30
Propaganda Department of Stalins government
  • Worked for Stalin to support his image
  • Lied to convince the people to follow Stalin

31
Stalin
  • Benefited from the fact that education was
    controlled

32
Stalin takes Control
  • In his sinister way, Stalin secured his power
    base, and engineered the permanent exile of
    Trotsky in 1929.

33
  • The exiled Trotsky was still very useful to
    Stalin as he now had Trotsky to blame for all the
    problems and difficulties that Russia suffered.

34
Politburo
  • This was the policy-making body of the Communist
    partys Central Committee. In reality it was
    merely a force to carry out Stalins orders and
    secure his position as dictator.

35
Cheka/OGPU/NKVD/KGB
  • These were the various names/ initials given to
    the secret police during Stalins dictatorship.

36
KGB - Secret Police
  • Not really police, but forced all to support
    Stalin
  • Used force, often killed entire families for
    disobedience
  • Totally loyal, part of Lenin's power, even over
    army

37
Religion
  • Marx said religion was the "Opiate of the people"
    and a lie
  • Used to make people not complain and do their
    work

38
Religion
  • Religion was tolerated because people would work
    and not complain
  • Stalin knew religion would stop violent
    revolutions

39
Dedicated, but tricked communist supporters
  • People believed Stalin because he was "Communist"
  • Many stayed loyal after it was obvious Stalin a
    tyrant
  • Betrayed by Stalin who ignored and killed them

40
Overall details of Russian Revolution
  • Supposed to fix problems from Czar
  • Life was even worse long after revolution
  • Stalin made Czar look like a nice guy

41
Kulaks
  • These were the land-owning peasants who did not
    want their farms to be collectivized after the
    revolution. From 1929, Stalin began to
    exterminate them as a class.

42
5 Year Plans
  • From 1927-1932, new economic plans, called the
    five-year plans, were introduced. The purpose was
    to improve industry

43
Germany and Great Britain
  • Stalin negotiated with both Germany and Great
    Britain. The Russo-German pact of August 1939
    allowed Russia to occupy eastern Poland while
    Germany occupied the rest.

44
Germany and Great Britain
  • On 22 June, 1941, Germany attacked her ally
    Russia without warning. Thus the unholy alliance
    between Nazism and Communism fell apart and
    Russia formed an alliance with Britain and the
    USA.

45
Cold War begins
  • The Tehran conference in 1943 presented the
    Soviet Union, Britain and America as allies.
    However, by the end of the Second World War, the
    Soviet Union became an enemy of its allies as the
    Cold War intensified.

46
Essential Questions
47
1
  • Who had the ideas in the beginning that inspired
    the rebellions?

48
2
  • What are the real enemies of Communism according
    to Marx, Lenin, Stalin and Trotsky?

49
3 and 4
  • Who does Stalin blame anytime a problem arises?
    Why do you think Stalin blames this person?

50
5 and 6
  • Who would you associate with this quote? Marx,
    Lenin Stalin or Trotsky? Why did you choose that
    person?
  • All men are equal but some are more equal than
    others

51
7
  • Compare the lives of Russians when they live
    under Czar Nicholas and when they live under
    Stalin.

52
8 Who is this?
  • Tells of a dream that leads to Rebellion and
    inspires others.

53
9 Who is this?
  • Leader of the rebellion that drives out Czar
    Nicholas II.

54
10 Who is this?
  • Leader of Rebellion that is driven out of Russia
    and later killed in Mexico.

55
11 Who is this?
  • Leader of the Rebellion that drives out his
    competition and starts to purge those that
    disagree or may disagree with him.

56
12 Who is this?
  • Branch of Government that enforces Stalins rules.

57
Who is Who
  • Czar Nicholas
  • Lenin
  • Trosky
  • Stalin
  • Mr. Jones-
  • Old Major
  • Snowball
  • Napolean

58
Who is Who
  • Dogs-KGB
  • Windmill- 5 year plan
  • Majors Skull-Lenins Body
  • Battle of the Cowshed- Russian Civil War

59
Who is Who
  • Frederick- Hitler
  • Animal Executions Stalins Purge
  • Battle of the Windmill World War II
  • Card Game- Tehran Conference
  • Pilkington- FDR

60
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