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The Cold War 1945-1991

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The Cold War 1945-1991 By 1945, there was only 1 Communist nation By 1949, there were 11. USA v USSR Why was there a Cold War? Who was in charge? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Cold War 1945-1991


1
The Cold War 1945-1991
2
By 1945, there was only 1 Communist nation
  • By 1949, there were 11.

3
USA v USSR
  • Why was there a Cold War?

4
Who was in charge?
  • USSR Joseph Stalin.
  • USA Harry S. Truman

5
Chronology
  • The USSR lost around 20 million people in WW2
  • Stalin was determined to make the USSR secure in
    the future
  • By contrast GB lost around 370,000 and the USA
    lost 297,000 people.

6
Who were the main powers?
  • Capitalists
  • The USA
  • Communists
  • The USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)

7
Rise of the Superpowers
  • Before WW2 there were a number of countries which
    could have claimed to be superpowers USA,
    USSR,GB, France, Japan, Germany.
  • The damage caused by the war to these countries
    left only two countries with the military
    strength and resources to be called
    superpowers.USA and USSR.

8
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9
Tension between the superpowers
  • After the war who would lead the countries and
    form new governments
  • The USSR favoured the communist groups, the USA
    favoured the non-communists
  • Examples would be Greece and Yugoslavia
  • This was one cause of tension between the
    superpowers

10
USA The Marshall Plan
  • This was an Economic Plan developed by the USA.
  • Created to help European countries after WW2.
  • Offered huge sums to enable the war shattered
    economies of Europe to rebuild
  • Encouraged countries to take Capitalist support
    and reject the appeal of Communism.
  • Czechoslovakia showed interest in receiving
    Marshall Aid but was blocked by Russia.

11
Stalin
  • He hated Marshall Aid!!
  • Forbade Eastern European countries from having
    anything to do with it
  • Regarded as anti-Communist
  • Feared that it might weaken his hold on Eastern
    Bloc

12
USSR The Iron Curtain
  • After WW2, the number of Communist countries
    grew.
  • By 1949, there were 11 countries!
  • A self-contained economic, only trading with
    other Communist countries.

13
Cold War
  • Two important events
  • September -- Mao Zedong, a Communist, takes
    control of China
  • September -- Soviets explode first atomic bomb

14
The Red Scare
  • The suddenness of the fall of China (1949)
  • The development of the Soviet bomb (1949)
  • The shocking performance of the Western secret
    services
  • Helped pressure Truman into the Korean War
  • a costly and ultimately stalemated conflict.

15
Containment
  • The USA was not going to allow any more
    countries to turn communist.
  • The USA was going to contain the expansion of
    Communism.

16
The Cold War 1945-1991
17
The Domino Theory
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