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State of poverty: Achievements, challenges and Prospects

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State of poverty: Achievements, challenges and Prospects MKUKUTA: Achievements, challenges and Prospects * Current Poverty Reduction Policy Frameworks National ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: State of poverty: Achievements, challenges and Prospects


1
State of poverty Achievements, challenges and
Prospects
  • MKUKUTA Achievements, challenges and Prospects

2
Current Poverty Reduction Policy Frameworks
  • National Development Vision 2025,
  • National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of
    Poverty (MKUKUTA II),
  • Five Years Development Plan,
  • Poverty Monitoring Master Plan
  • Sector Policies/programs/projects and Reforms
    Programs,
  • Emphasis on inclusive growth, reduction of income
    poverty improvement of quality of life and
    social well-being good governance and
    accountability.

3
Overview of MKUKUTA II Implementation
  • State of poverty is assessed by looking at the
    achievements and challenges recorded through the
    implementation of MKUKUTA-II developed 2010
  • MKUKUTA implementation is tracked through the
    MKUKUTA Monitoring Master Plan set up in December
    2011

4
Overview of MKUKUTA II Implementation Cont
  • MAIR, PHDR and survey reports prepared in close
    collaboration with s/holders as part of MKUKUTA
    assessment

5
Purpose of MKUKUTA Annual Assessment
  • Provide progress on priorities as identified in
    MKUKUTA
  • Stimulate further dialogue on key strategic
    issues prioritization , resources mobilization
    and utilization
  • Provide inputs and information for national
    budget process

6
1. Growth and Reduction of Income Poverty
  • Most macro indicators have recorded positive and
    significant progress. For instance
  • GDP growth Real GDP grew by 6.9 percent in 2012
    higher than growth of 6.4 recorded in 2011
    (mainly attributed to favourable weather,
    improved communication and financial services,
    supply of subsidized agricultural inputs and
    increased reliability of power generation)
  • The manufacturing sector grew by 8.2 percent in
    2012 compared to 7.8 percent in 2011

7
Cont.
  • Agriculture sector grew by 4.3 percent in 2012
    as compared to 3.6 percent in 2011 (attributed to
    favourable weather condition during 2010/11 and
    timely distribution of inputs, as well as
    availability of high yield seeds).
  • The annual average inflation rate for June 2013
    was 8.5 percent compared to 17. 4 percent in June
    2011. This is partly attributed to (i) higher oil
    prices in the world market , and (ii) high food
    prices caused by high food demand in some of the
    neighboring countries .

8
Cont.
  • Total exports of goods and services grew by 2.8
    percent to US8,283.8 million in 2012/13 from USD
    8,055.1 million in 2011/12 (mainly attributable
    to traditional and manufactured export goods,
    and transportation receipts).
  • Government domestic revenue collection as a
    percentage of GDP (tax and non tax revenue)
    increased to 17.7 percent in 2012/13 from 17
    percent in 2011/12.

9
Income Poverty Current Status
  • According to the HBS 2011/12, the overall basic
    needs poverty level in Tanzania Mainland is 28.2
    percent, 33.3 percent in rural areas, 4.1 per
    cent Dar es Salaam and 21.7 percent in other
    urban areas.
  • The national average food poverty stands at 9.7
    percent, rural has 11.3 percent and 8.7 percent
    in other urban areas. Dar es Salaam has the
    lowest of extreme food poverty (1.0 percent).

10
ChallengesPoverty is a multidimensional
phenomenon (income and non income dimensions).
  • Poverty is still high in rural areas -growth is
    not pro-poor, emphasis on inclusive growth, to
    address issues of quality of growth,
    redistribution, social protection and need for
    results and accountability (need to speed-up
    efforts to improve productivity in sectors with
    maximum impact on poverty reduction to the poor
    (agriculture manufacturing)
  • How to expand and maintain efficient, transport
    system for growth.
  • Innovative sources to finance Government budget
    (e.g. infrastructure bond and PPP arrangement).

11
Copping up Strategies
  • Expand irrigation systems as a substitute for
    rain-fed agriculture
  • Encourage rural non-farm activities for
    increasing rural employment, especially in the
    food processing and service sectors
  • Design and implement youth employment programmes
    for self-employment to address urban poverty
  • Break the Cycle of Energy Crises in the country
    to boost manufacturing and employment creation.

12
2.Improving Quality of Life and Social Well-being
(performance)
  • Most indicators have recorded remarkable
    improvement
  • Education
  • Increased enrolment ratio in primary education
    (achievable MDG 2). Net enrolment was 92.0
    percent in 2012. 2015 target is 100 percent.
  • Training at various levels including teachers
    training has been enhanced
  • Increased recruitment of teachers in all levels
    (primary, secondary and higher education)
  • Enrolment at higher education continued to rise
    as a result of an increase in the number of
    universities and increased loans for students
    pursuing higher education.

13
Cont..
  • Survival, Health and well-being
  • Proportion of stunted children under five years
    decreased from 38 percent during 2004/05 to 35
    percent in 2012
  • Infant mortality (achievable MDG 4) reduced from
    68 deaths per 1,000 live births (2004/05) to 51
    (2011/12) DHS. 2015 target is 40
  • Child(under-five) mortality (achievable MDG 4)
    reduced from 112 deaths per 1,000 live births
    (2004/05) to 81 (2011/12) - DHS. 2015 target is
    67
  • Maternal mortality decreased from 578 per 100,000
    live births in 2004/05 to 454 (DHS 2011/12)
  • HIV prevalence (achievable MDG 6) among adults
    age (15-49) declined slightly from 5.7 percent
    in 2007/08 to 5.1 percent in 2011/12 (THMIS).
    2015 target is less than 6 percent

14
Cont..
  • Water
  • Access to clean and safe water in urban areas has
    been maintained at 86 percent in 2012/13.
  • In rural areas access has increased from 56.6
    percent in 2011/12 to 57percent in 2012/13.
  • The number of households connected to sewerage
    system increased from 20,910 in 2011/2012 to
    21,999 in 2012/2013.

15
Challenges
  • How to improve pass rates in both primary and
    secondary education
  • How to meet the increasing demand for teachers
    and lecturers in all levels of education sector
  • Increasing the availability of teaching and
    learning facilities including insufficient number
    of laboratories for practical training in most of
    schools
  • How to strengthen routine data for health related
    indicators

16
Challenges cont.
  • Diminishing water resources which is aggravated
    by encroachment and environmental degradation of
    water source areas including pollution of
    watersheds, wetlands, springs and water recharge
    areas
  • Water leakage remains a major issue in various
    Urban Water Authorities mainly due to dilapidated
    water infrastructure, water theft and damages
    during road construction.

17
Copping up Strategies
  • Enhance the quality and standard of education
    through programs that focus to increase the
    number of qualified and professional teachers,
    school facilities.
  • Enhance efforts to curb maternal mortality rate,
    prevent HIV/AIDS, malaria control and improve
    district health services
  • Comprehensive planning for the whole district
    (rehabilitation, capital investments for new
    projects, and operations and maintenance
    arrangements that ensure sustainability) needs to
    be given priority instead of focusing on few
    villages per year.

18
3. Good Governance and Accountability
  • Unqualified opinions for MDAs, and Regional
    Secretariats (RS) have increased from 69 (85
    percent) in 2010/11 to 108(94.7 percent) in
    2011/12. This years results have not recorded
    any Adverse Opinion.
  • Unqualified opinions for LGAs have increased by
    32(24 percent) from the year 2010/11 to 2011/12.
  • The number of court cases outstanding continued
    to decline whereby for primary courts the number
    of resolved cases out of total outstanding issues
    increased from 510,996 cases during 2011/12 to
    577,425 cases during 2012/13.

19
Cont
  • Number of processed cases has also increased from
    83,082 cases in 2011/12 to 104,359 cases in
    2012/13 which is an increase equivalent to 26
    percent. This is accounted by the increase of
    court capacity both human as well as on
    infrastructure development at the district court.
  • The government recovered the otherwise embezzled
    public resources equal to 4,404,781,998 in
    2011/12 compared to 3,020,556,461 recovered in
    2010/11

20
Challenges
  • Inadequate human resource. Trained personnel
    continued to refraining reporting to the located
    stations, and prefer to remain in urban centers.
  • Inadequate infrastructures (i.e. offices, office
    equipments, housing, communication equipments)
    for law enforcers (i.e. Police, Prison,
    Courtroom, and legal systems) inadequate
    remunerations
  • Inadequate monitoring and evaluation framework
    that help to monitor progress of activities at
    lower level

21
Copping up Strategies
  • Capacity building interventions, recruitment of
    more staff for reduction of case backlog
  • Instituting incentive mechanisms that will
    attract personnel to work in rural areas
    particularly on health, education, agriculture
    and water sectors.
  • Direct efforts to improve working infrastructures
    and conditions
  • Involve communities in managing the natural
    resources

22
Financing
  • Substantial progress has been made in harmonizing
    donor assistance through the (JAST) which has
    resulted in reduction of transaction costs.
  • The General Budget Support (GBS) is an
    instrument utilized for consolidating government
    as well as development partners efforts towards
    supporting poverty reducing interventions in the
    country.
  • Domestic and Donor contribution has increased
    significantly

23
Challenges
  • Enhancing domestic revenue mobilization. efforts
    to broaden the revenue base should go in line
    with modernization of tax collection and
    administration especially computerization of all
    revenue collection systems to eliminate all forms
    of revenue leakage/losses and tax evasion.
  • Enhancing domestic production of goods and
    services for widening domestic revenue base
  • Effective and efficient implementation of the PPP
    Act and increased contribution of the private
    sector in resource mobilization will also provide
    another avenue for financing MKUKUTA

24
Monitoring and Evaluation
  • To ensure availability of timely and reliable
    evidence on growth and poverty, MKUKUTA
    Monitoring Master Plan (MMMP) was put in place.
  • The MKUKUTA Technical Committee under the
    chairmanship of DPs-MOF (oversee the
    implementation)
  • Day to day operations are under
  • data and information generation coordinated by
    NBS
  • research and analysis function coordinated by
    REPOA under the chairmanship of COSTECH
  • stakeholders engagement coordinated by PED

25
Challenges
  • Staff capacity to undertake monitoring and
    evaluation functions is still major challenge in
    almost all government Institutions
  • The MMS II has more than 80 indicators. This
    implies more work and funding for data collection
    (both routine and surveys), research and Analysis
  • The funding of MMS II highly dependent on
    external support. This raises concerns on the
    sustainability of monitoring activities
  • The MMS has so far little impacts on
    strengthening routine data systems or research
    work at the MDA level as well as the LGA level

26
CONCLUSION
  • Improved poverty focus require the extension of
    basic services to the poor majority. With
    resources constrained and limited revenue, can be
    afforded only if the Government make hard choices
    to reduce the cost free or subsidized services
    currently enjoyed by a mainly non-poor minority.
  • Need to empower community towards social and
    economic development, promotion of self-reliant
    activities at household level including open up
    opportunities for investors for job creation etc.

27
CONCL..Cont..
  • Efforts which are being done by DPs, CSO/Faith
    Based Organizations are noted and highly
    acknowledged by the Government. As a key
    stakeholder, we emphasize to
  • Continue support the Government in bringing peace
    to strengthen political stability,
  • Continue support Government efforts at all levels
    in supporting policy and program formulation,
    implementation, monitoring and evaluation,
  • Promote loyalty, and prevention of corruption,
  • Strengthening support to the poor (vulnerable
    groups e.g. MVC poor elderly/widow/disabled and
    unemployed youth).

28
CONCL..Cont..
  • Collective action to spur good reputation,
    strengthening cooperation and creativity for
    development are highly emphasized.

29
  • Thank you for your Attention
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