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Section III: The Rise of Civilizations (Pages 16-19)

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Title: Unit 1: From Pre-History to Early Civilizations Author: CUSD220 Last modified by: teacher Created Date: 8/7/2012 6:38:44 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Section III: The Rise of Civilizations (Pages 16-19)


1
Section III The Rise of Civilizations(Pages
16-19)
  • This section is about
  • The characteristics of civilizations.
  • How people expanded their knowledge through the
    early river valley civilizations.

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  • At first, humans were nomads who moved from
    place to place.
  • Then, they began to settle together in villages
  • If you have a choice today and you will in a
    few short years (college/move out) - where do you
    want to settle? And, why there?
  • Next, they began to form civilizations which is

An organized social group with developed purposes
and goals
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3
Your book says civilizations need 4 things
  • 1. Cities and Government
  • Cities allowed people to work together, develop
    skills, trade with others, spread knowledge.
  • But having cities also meant there needed to be
    laws to maintain order, armies to protect the
    group, ways to support people doing special jobs
    to help out the group (taxes).
  • So governments were there to promote and
    regulate trade, as well as protect the people.
    What are governments supposed to be doing today?

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  • 2. Job specialization and advanced technology
  • People started specializing in one job, and
    becoming experts at it.
  • They could focus on making their own tools and
    methods better making people better hunters,
    farmers and artisans.

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3. Social classes and religion
  • People began being put into social classes
    based on their value.
  • Rulers and Priests (often the same people or
    worked together)
  • Farmers, merchants, and artisans
  • Slaves
  • (Most of these groups believed in Gods who
    controlled their lives)

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  • 4. Writing and record keeping
  • Needed a way to keep track of buying and selling,
    laws, taxes, etc
  • (Their record keeping does not have to be like we
    know it)

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Where did some of these early civilizations first
develop?
5
  • The Fertile Crescent
  • The Nile Valley
  • The Indus Valley
  • Huang He Valley
  • What do these all seem to have in common?
  • Do you think you need this to start an ancient
    civilization?

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The Fertile Crescent
  • Middle East today
  • Land around the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
  • Began about 6000 BC
  • Farmers, travelers, and traders
  • 3500 BC the first cities
  • By 3200 BC the first city-states (a city
    and its surrounding area)
  • 3300 the first primitive writing
  • Before this time used cuneiform (wedged shaped
    writing)

http//www.mrdowling.com/603mesopotamia.html
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The Nile Valley
  • Still Egypt today
  • One of the greatest early civilizations
  • Began about 3000 BC
  • Its periods in history are called dynasties
    (when a family rules for a long time)
  • You already know a lot about Egypt

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http//www.mrdowling.com/604egypt.html
12
The Indus Valley
  • India / Pakistan today
  • Seaports, trading centers, and farming areas.
  • Traded among themselves and other cultures

http//india.mrdonn.org/indus.html
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13
Huang He Valley
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  • China today
  • As early as 6000 BC
  • Were farmers (agriculture) and artisans
  • Found mixing copper and tin would make bronze
    (stronger) so they ended up with better tools
  • Ruled by a king with a large army

http//www.china.mrdonn.org/
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14
Stop here for now
Finish the bottom of page "E"
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