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Food security and social protection in highland Ethiopia: Exploring the links between land and the PSNP

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Food security and social protection in highland Ethiopia: Exploring the links between land and the PSNP Tom Lavers Department of Social and Policy Sciences – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Food security and social protection in highland Ethiopia: Exploring the links between land and the PSNP


1
Food security and social protection in highland
Ethiopia Exploring the links between land and
the PSNP
  • Tom Lavers
  • Department of Social and Policy Sciences
  • University of Bath
  • DSA Annual Conference 3rd November 2012

2
The Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP)
  • Food insecurity framed as a naturally occurring
    phenomenon
  • Food Security Programme comprises
  • PSNP
  • Extension packages
  • Capital-intensive investments
  • Resettlement
  • Together aim to achieve graduation

3
The land policy
  • State land ownership to protect smallholders
    against market forces
  • Key feature of smallholder-based development
    strategy
  • Key assumption that households have access to
    adequate agricultural inputs, especially land

4
Geblen, Tigray
  • Very food insecure site
  • Drought prone, mountainous topography, severely
    eroded
  • Fieldwork 56 semi-structured interviews in March
    and April 2010
  • Geblen included in the Ethiopian Rural Household
    Survey (ERHS)

5
Households access to agricultural inputs
  Percentage of respondents
Ideal set of inputs (1ha, of which 0.5ha irrigated male labour pair oxen) 0
Some land but no male labour 35
Land and labour but no ox 14
Basic set of inputs (some land male labour one ox) 51
Source ERHS
6
Food shortages
Source ERHS
7
The Food Security Programme and graduation
  • No resettlement programme, no capital-intensive
    investments
  • Extension packages focused on livestock, but
    unsuited to local conditions
  • PSNP Participants forced to take packages
  • But local government officials admit there is no
    chance of graduation given local conditions

8
Social protection and migration
  • Despite problems of agricultural production,
    local government use land and PSNP to limit
    migration
  • the sense of the PSNP is to make people stay for
    a period of time
  • Government fears the urbanisation of rural
    poverty and frames migration as the source of
    economic, political and social instabilities

9
Conclusions
  • PSNP used to support the failing land and
    agricultural development policies
  • Land and the PSNP used to limit urban migration
  • The PSNP is used to support the political
    objectives of the land policy
  • Need to link analysis of cash transfer programmes
    to broad socioeconomic and political contexts
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