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The Restoration Colonies

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Settling the Middle Colonies New Netherlands & New Sweden New Netherlands settled by Dutch West India Co. 1623-24 Fur trade Buy Manhattan Island from Indians Peter ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Restoration Colonies


1
The Middle Colonies
Why are they also called "The Restoration
Colonies?"
2
Settling the Middle Colonies
3
New Netherlands New Sweden
  • New Netherlands settled by Dutch West India Co.
    1623-24
  • Fur trade
  • Buy Manhattan Island from Indians
  • Peter Stuyvesant
  • New Amsterdam a company town
  • Aristocratic, diverse
  • Wall Street Indian defense
  • New Sweden falls to Stuyvesant absorbed by
    Dutch into New Netherland

4
New York Manors Land Grants Patroonships
Land granted to promoters who agreed to settle 50
people.
5
New Amsterdam
6
Duke of York
Peter Stuyvesant
  • English see Dutch as intruders
  • 1664, Charles II grants area to brother, Duke of
    York
  • Stuyvesant surrenders easily
  • New Amsterdam renamed New York
  • Dutch influence survived though
  • Autocratic, aristocratic
  • Harlem, Brooklyn
  • Easter eggs, Santa Claus, bowling, skating,
    sleighing, golf

7
William Penn
The Holy Experiment
Religious Society of Friends The Quakers
Why are the Quakers seen as so offensive by
authorities? How did William Penn get the PA
land grant? How did he encourage settlers to
come?
8
Penn Native Americans
  • Fair treatment
  • Bought land from Indians
  • Amicable relations
  • PA most successful colony!

9
Quaker Pennsylvania
  • Philadelphia (City of Brotherly Love)
    well-planned out becomes largest colonial city
  • Representative assembly elected by landowners
  • No tax-supported church / freedom of worship to
    all (except Catholics/Jews)
  • No military defense established - pacifists
  • No restrictions on immigration
  • Anti-slavery THE FIRST ABOLITIONISTS!
  • Diverse mix of ethnic groups
  • Liberal/modern but still some blue laws
  • New Jersey Proprietors, 1664
  • Delaware - 1610

10
Urban Population Growth1650 - 1775
11
Ethnic Groups
English largest, followed by Germans Scots-Irish
12
The Middle Way
  • Lack of distinctive institution like Southern
    slavery or New England town meetings
  • Not ruled by wealthy planters like South nor by
    the church like New England
  • Characterized by diversity, religious tolerance
  • Cash crops grains Bread colonies
  • Ironworks Pittsburgh area
  • Settlement of interior, not just coastal area -
    river access to back country for trade
  • Internal Conflicts
  • Leislers Rebellion NY, 1689
  • anti-BR sentiment
  • Zengers trial NY, 1734
  • Freedom of the press
  • Truth is absolute defense to libel (contrary to
    BR law)
  • Paxton Boys uprising PA, 1764
  • Another east-west conflict like Bacons!
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