Organizational Structure - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Organizational Structure PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 679c5e-NTRiM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Organizational Structure

Description:

Organizational Structure Introduction Human nature breaks things into smaller, more manageable parts. By breaking large groups into smaller component groups while ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:15
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 24
Provided by: ForestF9
Learn more at: http://feti.lsu.edu
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Organizational Structure


1
Organizational Structure
2
Introduction
  • Human nature breaks things into smaller, more
    manageable parts. By breaking large groups into
    smaller component groups while giving them a
    definite structure, the fire department can
    communicate and provide services effectively.

3
Scalar Structure
  • Organizational principle dating back to the Roman
    Empire
  • Organizes members by a number of criteria
  • Education level
  • Length of service
  • Experience
  • Job Description
  • Use of paramilitary terms

4
Organizational Relationships
  • Defined in a fire department by the use of scalar
    organizational structure
  • What does your chart look like?

CHIEF
Centralized at top and decisions are directed
through the middle down to the base of the
department
Allows for information to be transmitted up and
down in the pyramid
MIDDLE LEVEL MGT
FIREFIGHTERS
5
Whats the Difference?
  • Pure form of scalar structure does not allow for
    the chain to be broken
  • Military
  • Evolved form allows for cross communications
    with some decisions made at an intermediate level
  • Within staff functions fire prevention

6
Line and Staff Functions
  • Line Function
  • Those activities associated with operations
  • Company Officer
  • Staff Function
  • Those activities concerned with administration
    providing assistance to line personnel.
  • FPO
  • Training

Emergency Operations
Non-emergency
7
What About Todays Fire Service
  • Is the line between line and staff clearly
    defined or is it not as easy to see?
  • Consolidation of divisions
  • Combination of functions
  • Regional approaches to these positions

8
Typical Approaches to Department Operations
Upper management delegates implementation of a
decision to staff who then deals directly with
line personnel.
9
Staff Direct Implementation
  • Advantages
  • Good for procedures
  • Quick and direct
  • Eliminates mid-staff
  • Deal direct with line to implement decisions made
    by upper management
  • Disadvantages
  • Doesnt work well for policy matters
  • Causes a break in unity of command
  • Results depend on attitudes of those involved

10
Typical Approaches to Department Operations
Staff officer directly advises the company
officer, who then advises the company. Staff
typically is still responsible for success or
failure.
11
Staff Direct Advice
  • Advantages
  • Company officer is trained by knowledgeable staff
    member
  • Trained company officer is better prepared to
    lead his company
  • Disadvantages
  • Staff keeps authority to correct, which could
    cause problems between staff and company officer

12
Typical Approaches to Department Operations
Line and staff work together to make and
implement decisions
13
Mutual Line/Staff Overlap
  • Advantages
  • Line and staff have equal input
  • Disadvantages
  • Results will depend upon a cooperative attitude
    between line and staff personnel.

14
Typical Approaches to Department Operations
Company Officer provides information to staff
officer. Example personnel evaluations
15
Line Advice to Staff
  • Advantages
  • Promotes interaction between line and staff
    positions
  • Allows line input into decision making process
  • Disadvantages
  • Line keeps authority to correct implementation
  • May cause tension between staff and firefighters
    if line officer is left out.

16
Centralized and Decentralized Authority
  • Authority defined
  • legal responsibility of an individual to make and
    implement decisions for which that individual is
    held accountable.
  • Centralized Authority
  • Decisions are made by 1 person at the top
  • Decentralized Authority
  • Decisions made at lower level and are reported
    through the structure

17
Company Organizational Structure
  • Company structures are more flexible than
    departmental
  • Company Officer must know how the company fits
    into the department
  • Choice of the appropriate structure for the task
    at hand
  • Several styles may be employed during the course
    of a shift

Situational Leadership
18
Flat Company Structure
Company Officer deals directly with the
firefighters on a one-on-one basis.
Chain of Command
Unity of Command
19
Flat Company Structure
  • Advantages
  • Direct flow of information from Company Officer
    to each company member
  • Good for independent tasks
  • Simple to organize and implement
  • Disadvantages
  • Poor for complex tasks
  • Span of Control in question
  • Some problems between company members may arise

20
Scalar Company Structure
Arranged by Seniority Experience Training
Informal Leadership Principles will be used.
Department may dictate this arrangement
21
Scalar Company Structure
  • Advantages
  • Ideal for emergency operations
  • Span of control is manageable
  • Info. is centralized
  • Functional Chain of Command is maintained
  • Unity of Command
  • Disadvantages
  • May bog down routine work
  • May make individual initiative difficult
  • Info. may be distorted through levels
  • Promotes static organizations

22
Circular Company Structure
  • All company members share in decisions

Firefighter
Firefighter
Firefighter
Company Officer
23
Circular Company Structure
  • Advantages
  • Great for problem solving
  • Increase personal commitment because they provide
    more feedback on tasks
  • Disadvantages
  • Input/feedback process makes structure slow
  • Too time consuming for most emergency situations
  • Minor details may get too much attention
  • May cause side-taking
About PowerShow.com