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Religion in Public School: Unification or Separation

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Religion in Public School: Unification or Separation Position 1: For Religious Freedom in Schools – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Religion in Public School: Unification or Separation


1
Religion in Public School Unification or
Separation
  • Position 1 For Religious Freedom in Schools

2
(No Transcript)
3
The First Amendment
  • Founding Fathers wanted to provide American
    citizens the right to practice the religion of
    their choice without fear.
  • They did not want what had happened in England to
    happen in the new republic.
  • Soin order to protect religious freedom the
    founders included Two clauses in the 1st
    Amendment.

4
Establishment Clause
  • Decrees that religions and the state should be
    kept separate so that no religion has more rights
    than any other.
  • Congress shall make no law respecting an
    establishment of religion.

5
Free Exercise Clause
Prevents the government from limiting Americans
from expressing religious beliefs in ways that
seem right to them.
6
How we ended up where we are today
  • Public schools offered immigrants an opportunity
    for social mobility
  • Natural born citizens believed schools would
    Americanize these newcomers.
  • To achieve from both ends, schools made
    reasonable accommodations.
  • Prayers were offered as theistic rather than
    Christian language.
  • Those who could not make these accommodations
    sent their children to schools that would allow
    practice such as Catholic schools.

7
In the last 60 years
  • Schools saw an expansion of agnostic, atheistic,
    and antireligious philosophies.
  • These people believe that prayer in public
    schools pressure students into a religion without
    giving them the opportunity to fairly evaluate
    them.
  • This small but effective minority has
    successfully won court rulings that have had
    negative effects on exercise of religion in
    schools and has resulted in a secular belief
    system.

8
Establishment Clause
  • Congress shall make no law respecting an
    establishment of religion.
  • It has been interpreted as Congress shall make
    no law respecting the establishment of religion.

9
Secularists
  • Believe investigation rather than religious
    teachings is the source of answers to important
    human questions. (Council for Secular Humanism,
    2008)
  • Even the Supreme Court has affirmed that secular
    humanism is a religious belief.

10
Have we then.
  • allowed Secularism to create schools that are
    hostile towards believers?
  • allowed Secularism to force schools to change
    curriculum including the importance of religion
    on American history?
  • allowed one belief to replace many beliefs?

11
Consequences and Final Thoughts!
12
Curricular Consequences
  • Fear of controversy has led text publishers to
    neglect the study of religious influences on
    historical events
  • Antagonism approaches exist in most subjects

13
Teaching of the Origin of Life
  • Creationism-the religious belief that humanity,
    life, the Earth, and the universe are the
    creation of a supernatural agency
  • Intelligent Design- Is the assertion that
    "certain features of the universe and of living
    things are best explained by an intelligent
    cause, not an undirected process such as natural
    selection.
  • Evolution- change in the inherited traits of a
    population of organisms through successive
    generations

14
Thoughts about science
  • For religious freedom
  • If creationism isnt being taught then they want
    intelligent design taught in science classes
  • Natural Selection cant explain irreducibly
    complex systems

15
What did they do!!!!
  • Cobb Count School District officials in Georgia
    attempted to place stickers on science books
    that said

16
Consequences to the Refusal of Evolution
17
Religion and Public Schools Unification or
Separation
18
According to the Law
  • The First Amendment
  • Teachers and administrators are prohibited from
  • Students have the right to
  • Meeting on School Property
  • Religious liberty in America means all are free
    to express their beliefs but may not impose them
    on others.

19
Establishing Religion in Public Schools
  • Groups like the National Council on Bible
    Curriculum in Public Schools (NCBCPS) distribute
    course syllabi in school districts around the
    country, claiming they convey the content of the
    Bible as compared to literature and history.

20
Religion and Sex Education
  • The federal government has provided funding for
    sex education programs only to school districts
    that have abstinence only sex education.
  • Sex education programs that go beyond abstinence
    only are more likely to offer students a chance
    to explore thoughtfully their own and their
    familys religious values.
  • Abstinence-only sex education programs do not
    prevent young people from engaging in
    intercourse.
  • Government support of these education programs
    constitutes an establishment of religion that
    violates the Constitution.

21
Creationism/Intelligent Design
  • Creationism and Intelligent Design are religious
    beliefs
  • Evolution is supported by an abundant evidence
    from many different fields of scientific
    investigation
  • An Earth Science and/or Bio course that doesnt
    teach evolution short changes the students

22
What is a theory?
23
Characteristics of Science
  1. It is guided by natural law
  2. It has to be explanatory by reference to natural
    law
  3. It is testable against the empirical world
  4. Its conclusions are tentative
  5. It is falsifiable

24
Whats the Big Deal?
  • It hurts individuals by making full acceptance as
    a member of the school community dependent on
    sharing the majoritys religious beliefs.
  • Under the protection of the Establishment Clause,
    religious belief or non-belief should be
    irrelevant in ones ability to participate fully
    in schooling.
  • If you promote one religion, individuals and
    groups are assigned social status on the basis of
    how closely their beliefs adhere to the preferred
    religion.
  • Peoples commitment to a religion may be
    dependent on the social setting, rather than on
    their own belief.
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