Ch 18.3 New Nations in Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ch 18.3 New Nations in Africa

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Ch 18.3 New Nations in Africa AFTER WWII, AFRICAN LEADERS THREW OFF COLONIAL RULE AND CREATED INDEPENDENT COUNTRIES. Negritude Movement A movement for African ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ch 18.3 New Nations in Africa


1
Ch 18.3 New Nations in Africa
  • After WWII, African leaders threw off colonial
    rule and created independent countries.

2
Negritude Movement
  • A movement for African independence that started
    before World War II.
  • Frenchspeaking Africans and West Indians
    celebrated their heritage of traditional African
    culture and values.

3
Ghana former British colony 1957
  • Revolutionary Leader Kwame Nkrumah
  • Nkrumahs Tactics
  • Organized boycotts and strikes
  • Reforms
  • Expensive Health, education, welfare programs
  • Dreamed of United States of Africa
  • Problems he faced
  • Overthrown by a coup in 1966
  • Political Economic Instability since then

4
Kwami Nkrumah
5
President of Ghana President John Dramani MAHAMA
6
Kenya Former British Colony 1963
  • Tactics used by the Mau-Mau
  • Frighten whites forced them out of the northern
    highlands
  • Used guerilla tactics
  • Kenyattas Reforms
  • Tried to unite ethnic language groups
  • Develop businesses
  • Resulting Problems
  • Civil Unrest under next leader, Daniel arap Moi

7
MZEE JOMO KENYATTA 1ST PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC
OF KENYA
8
President Uhuru KENYATTA
9
Zaire, 1960 (Democratic Republic of Congo)
  • Former colony of Belgium
  • Gained independence by Granted suddenly by
    Belgium
  • Mobutus rule was Brutal Corrupt.
  • Resulting problems
  • Depleted resources
  • Extreme Poverty
  • Social Unrest He was overthrown by Laurent
    Kabila in 1997. Kabila was assassinated in 2001.
    His son, Joseph Kabila, took power.

10
Mobutu Sese Seko
11
Laurent Kabila Joseph
Kabila Current
12
Algeria Former colony of France 1962
  • Gained independence by
  • FLN (Algerian Natl Liberation Front) fought
    against France for their independence.
  • Ben Bellas Program
  • Attempted to form a socialist state but was
    overthrown by a coup in 1965
  • Problems
  • Unsuccessful attempts to industrialize
  • High Unemployment
  • Rise of Fundamentalist Islamists
  • Continuing civil unrest

13
Ahmed Ben Bella
14
Current President of Algeria Abdelaziz Bouteflika
  • Elected in 2004 after all other candidates
    dropped out.

15
Angola Former colony of Portugal 1975
  • Gained independence by Fought against Portugal
  • Causes of their civil war
  • Communist rebel group MPLA declared itself the
    rightful ruler of independent Angola. They were
    supported by Cuba USSR
  • UNITA rebel group fought against MPLA with
    support from the USA
  • Continuing problems
  • Civil war continued until 2002.

16
José Eduardo dos Santos
  • President of Angola since l979.
  • His son is Vice President.
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