Chase High School - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Chase High School PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 67679e-OTdkN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Chase High School

Description:

Chase High School How to Avoid Contamination Avoid contamination by frequent washing of hands and wearing protective clothing Separate sick animals and treat in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:45
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 82
Provided by: Chambers
Learn more at: http://chs.rcsnc.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Chase High School


1
The Small Animal Care Industry
  • Chase High School

2
Benefits Small Animals Provide to Society
  • Economic benefit from thousands of jobs and about
    32 billion dollars input into the national
    economy.
  • Small animals serve as companions and pets to
    almost 60 of all American families.
  • Children learn responsibility and social skills
  • Elderly people benefit from quality of life.

3
Benefits cont.
  • Valuable means of testing and developing new
    products such as drugs and vaccines
  • Small animals are used in pet therapy to help
    patients overcome illness
  • Dogs are useful as watch dogs, police dogs, and
    seeing eye dogs.

4
Benefits cont.
  • Rabbits are useful as an excellent source of meat
    that is low in cholesterol, sodium, and fat while
    being a highly palatable food source.
  • Some are used to provide products such as
    fur/wool for coats, hats, gloves and other things
    as well

5
Benefits cont.
  • Animals provide entertainment in zoos, circus
    acts, etc. and increases an appreciation for
    animals.

6
Economic Impact of Small Animal Industry
  • 10,500-11,000 retail pet stores produce 21
    billion in sales.
  • Biomedical research supported by 15 billion in
    taxes and charity used 65-100 million small
    animals.
  • 6 million small animals were used in educational
    facilities.

7
Economic Impact cont.
  • Americans spend 20.3 billion per year on pets.
  • Pet food manufacturers produce 9 billion in
    sales
  • Veterinary expenses exceed 11 billion annually.
  • Dogs require 2x as much vet care as cats

8
Pet Ownership
  • There are 7 million more cats than dogs
  • (each cat owner averages owning 2 cats)
  • Dogs are found in more households than cats
  • Fish, birds, and rabbits rank 3rd, 4th,and 5th as
    far as pet ownership.

9
Careers/Jobs Working with Small Animals
  • The pet industry is just one small area of small
    animals care and management, other jobs include
    small animal care in the lab, zoo, training, and
    biological sciences.
  • Jobs to supply food, equipment, and healthcare to
    small animals.
  • Research in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology
    industries.
  • Exhibitors

10
Jobs Working With Small Animals
  • Pet Care Workers- many types provide many
    services to small animal workers. Kennels,
    animal hospitals and shelters, pet stores
  • Kennel attendants- feed and care for animals and
    keep kennels clean.
  • Animal groomers- bathe pets and keep
  • them looking pretty.

11
Jobs/Careers Cont.
  • Small Animal Breeders- raise and market
    fur-bearing animals, animals for sale. Usually
    specialize in one breed.
  • Pet Shop Owners- care for small animals they
    offer for sale
  • Pet Shop Manager- run the daily pet store
    operations

12
Jobs/Careers Cont.
  • Veterinarians- Doctors of veterinary medicine,
    treat and control animal injuries and diseases.
    They also vaccinate animals against disease, and
    inspect animals and meat products used for food.
  • They also perform surgery, set broken bones,
    establish diet and exercise routines and
    prescribe medicines.
  • 1/3 of vets in US treat only small animals.

13
Jobs/Careers Cont.
  • Dealers- people who sell lab animals for research
    and teaching.
  • Vet Technicians- assist vet and other members of
    the vet staff

14
Introduction to Terminology
15
Prefix
  • Prefix-word part at the beginning of the word
    indicating number, location, time or status.
  • Examples
  • A-an without, lack of something(anemia-without
    blood)
  • Anti against, opposing(antiseptic-against
    infection)
  • Pre before(preoperative-before operation)

16
Root Words
  • Word part that gives the fundamental meaning of
    the word.
  • Examples
  • Cardi Heart (cardiology-study of the heart)
  • Gastr Stomach (gastronomy- surgical opening of
    the stomach)
  • Phleb, ven vein (phlebotomist- person who
    obtains blood from veins)

17
Suffixes
  • Word part at the end of the word indicating
    procedure, condition, disease, or disorder.
  • Examples
  • algia pain (arthralgia-painful joints)
  • centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
    (cystocentesis-removing fluid from the bladder)
  • itis inflammation (bronchitis- inflammation of
    the bronchial tubes)
  • rrhea flow or discharge (diarrhea- watery flow
    or discharge)

18
Positional Terminology
  • Ventral underside of the body

19
Positional Terminology
  • Cranial Head

20
Positional Terminology
  • Anterior front of the body

21
Positional Terminology
  • Dorsal back

Dorsal
22
Positional Terminology
  • Caudal tail

Caudal
23
Positional Terminology
  • Dorsal (frontal) plane plane that divides the
    body into dorsal (back and ventral (belly) parts.

24
Positional Terminology
  • Transverse (horizontal or cross-sectional) Plane
    plane that divides the body into cranial and
    caudal parts.

25
General Terminology
26
General Terminology
  • Antisepsis the process of applying a
    preparation to the surface of living tissue to
    prevent infections and inhibit growth of
    microorganisms.
  • Biopsy removal of a tissue sample for
    microscopic diagnosis and examination.

27
Terminology cont.
  • Catheterization the insertion of a sterile
    plastic tube into the urethra to remove urine.
  • Contact transmission method of disease
    transmission that includes direct contact,
    indirect contact and droplet contact.

28
Terminology cont.
  • Endogenous the source of microorganisms
    necessary to cause infection originate from
    within the body of an animal.
  • Exogenous the source of microorganism necessary
    to cause infection is environmental

29
Terminology cont.
  • Incubation period of time between the animal
    contact with an infection and the appearance of
    disease symptoms.
  • While the incubation period for rabies may vary
    from a few days to several years, it usually
    lasts one to three months
  • Infectious Disease diseases capable of being
    spread from one animal to another.

30
Terminology cont.
  • Pocket Pets a term used to describe small pets
    once only thought of as lab animals, such as
    gerbils, hamsters, guinea pigs, mice and rats.
  • Preventative health care programs programs
    designed by vets to help prevent disease and
    health problems in individual animals or herds of
    animals.
  • Preventative Health Care Programs

31
Terminology cont.
  • Quarantine the isolation of an animal or
    animals suspected to have been exposed to an
    infectious disease for the infection duration
    incubation period.
  • Spaying the removal of female reproductive
    organs.
  • Zoonoses diseases that can be transmitted from
    animals to humans.

32
Animal Rights Movement
  • Not the same as Animal Welfare
  • Should not be used as if it means the same as
    animal welfare
  • Media may wrongly use the two terms
    interchangeably

33
Animal Rights Movement
  • Modern Animal Rights Movement
  • Over 400 animal rights groups exist today
  • Came into prominence in the 1960s and 1970s
  • Initially mainly made up of urban people, many
    of whom were vegetarians

34
Animal Rights Movement
  • Beliefs of most Animal Rights Movement groups
  • Humanizing animals to have the same rights as
    humans (humans are also animals).
  • To use animals for human purposes is morally and
    ethically wrong and reflects a bias that humans
    are superior to animals.

35
Animal Rights Movement
  • Beliefs Continued
  • Animals should never be used for food, clothing,
    medical research, and/or product testing.
  • Animals should not be used for entertainment
  • Believe in using ecoterrorism to prevent people
    from using animals if necessary

36
Animal Rights Movement
  • Major Animal Rights Group is PETA
  • People for Ethical Treatment of Animals
  • Largest animal rights group in the world with
    over 800,000 members.
  • Since 1980, it has been dedicated to establishing
    and protecting rights of animals. They are
    against
  • Eating
  • Wearing
  • Experimenting
  • Using for entertainment

37
Animal Welfare Movement
  • Rooted in any of several schools of thought
  • History of animal domestication dating back to
    the Chinese and Egyptians
  • Early United States used animals for food,
    clothing, shelter, transportation, and horsepower
    to perform tasks
  • Creation view that God gave man dominion over
    animals which includes use and care
  • Various religions that use animal sacrifice and
    include great detail as to how to humanely
    slaughter the animal

38
Animal Welfare Movement
  • Animal Welfare Laws laws protecting animals
    were present before the animal rights movement
  • Animal Welfare Act

39
Animal Welfare Movement
  • Animal Welfare beliefs include
  • Animals should be treated humanely regardless of
    how they are used.
  • Animals should receive proper housing and
    nutrition
  • Animals should receive proper care for disease
    prevention and treatment for injuries.
  • Euthanasia or slaughter should be done in a
    humane way.

40
Zoonoses
  • Disease that may be transmitted from animals

41
Rabies
  • A viral disease that affects to nervous system
    and is contracted from bites and scratches of
    infected animals such as dogs and cats.

42
Rabies Cont.
  • Immunization is recommended if there is doubt
    about whether the animal is infected with rabies.
  • 93 of the reported rabies cases were in wild
    animals
  • Children 5-9 years old make up less that 9 of
    the population but receive almost 30 of animal
    bites.

43
Rabies Cont.
  • Most domestic animals are not likely to be
    infected with rabies as long as they are
    vaccinated on a regular basis.
  • What happens if your dog is suspected to have
    rabies?
  • Testing is done to see if your pet has rabies
  • Isolation (quarantine) for 10 days after the
    animal has bitten someone.
  • Rabies in N.C

44
Rabies in Numbers
45
Toxoplasmosis
  • Disease produced by infection of Toxoplasma
    gondii parasite and spread through contaminated
    litter or cat feces.

46
Toxoplasmosis
  • Does not show up as long as the human immune
    system is working properly
  • Particularly of concern for pregnant women, as it
    may result in miscarriage, babies born
    prematurely or blind

47
Toxoplasmosis
  • Prevent by wearing rubber, disposable gloves to
    daily clean litter boxes and thoroughly was hands
    after cleaning litter box.

48
Ringworm
  • Fungal Disease
  • Shows up as round, scaly, encrusted lesions on
    the skin
  • There is a loss of hair where the lesion is
    located.

49
How to Treat Ringworm
  • Take your pet to the vet
  • Give it the diagnosed medicine
  • Clean the sore

50
Psittacosis (parrot fever)
  • A disease contracted by caged birds such as
    parrots, budgerigars, and related birds.

51
Psittacosis
  • Humans infection through birds contaminated feces
    or fecal dust
  • Prevention
  • Wear a dust mask and face shield
  • Eliminate lice and mites by spraying
    disinfectants on the feathers of birds.

52
Cat-scratch Fever
  • A non-serious disease associated with cat bites
    and scratches that results in swelling and
    soreness around the bite or scratch.
  • Treatments
  • Antibiotics

53
Salmonellosis
  • A disease that results from an infection of
    Salmonella bacteria and may be transmitted to
    humans and animals.

54
Salmonellosis
  • Children and elderly are most at risk
  • Pet turtles and reptiles are a common source of
    infection in humans.

55
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
  • Causes coagulation of blood.
  • Symptoms
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rash
  • Death if not treated with proper antibodies.
  • Caused by bite of American dog tick and six other
    tick species

56
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
  • Caused by bite of American dog tick and six other
    tick species

57
Lyme Disease
  • Tick-transmitted bacterial disease that results
    in
  • Rash
  • Distinctive skin lesion
  • Hives
  • Flu-like symptoms

58
Lyme Disease
59
Leptospirosis
  • Disease that humans contract by food, water, or
    soil that has been contaminated by urine from
    small animals.

60
Parasites
61
Parasites
  • Organisms that live on or within a host organism.
  • Parasites gain their sustenance (nourishment)
    from the host organism.
  • Children are most at risk because they play with
    dogs and cats and in the area where animals have
    been.

62
Ticks
  • 7 species carry Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and
    5 species most often carry Zysore disease.
  • Daily Personal Hygiene is especially important
    for those working with pets to remove small
    larvae that may go undetected by visual
    inspection.

63
Ascarids and Hookworms
  • Roundworms that affect dogs and cats
  • May be passed on to humans causing fever,
    headache, cough and poor appetite

64
Ascarids and Hookworms cont.
  • Children who play with dogs and cats are more at
    risk
  • Deworming of cats and dogs is the most effective
    prevention measure
  • Keeping areas clean from feces as well

65
Tapeworm (Echinococus species)
  • Occasionally carried by dogs and cats and may
    cause AHD (Alveolar Hydatid Disease)
  • Can be fatal or produce parasitic tumors or cysts
    in the liver of humans that may go unnoticed for
    years.

66
Tapeworms
67
How to Avoid Contamination
  • Avoid contamination by frequent washing of hands
    and wearing protective clothing
  • Separate sick animals and treat in separate
    areas.

68
How to Avoid Contamination
  • Do not eat or drink or store food and drink in
    treatment areas or where contamination can occur
  • Never wash lab coats and protective clothing with
    regular clothes

69
Protective Clothing
  • Wear protective clothing and equipment when the
    job performed with a small animal requires it.
  • Rubber unlined gloves, rubber boots and face
    shield or goggles with anti fog lenses should be
    worn when handling chemicals or applying
    pesticides.

70
Protective Clothing
  • Leather gloves help protect from bites and
    scratches
  • Coveralls and lab coats offer some additional
    protection from minor bites and scratches.
  • Respirators should be worn when there is a danger
    of inhaling toxic dust and other substances.

71
Chemical Safety
  • Use chemicals according to label instructions
  • Store chemicals in the original container
    whenever possible.

72
Chemical Safety
  • Avoid over mixing and storing chemicals, but if
    chemicals must be stored, make certain they are
  • In a locked location
  • Clearly labeled

73
Chemical Safety
  • Dispose of all chemicals and their containers
    according to label instructions
  • Frequently wash hands and exposed area after
    using chemicals.

74
Proper Handling Techniques for Small Animals
  • Learn proper and safe handling techniques that
    prevent injury to the animal and handler.
  • Keep a first aid kit available for workers who do
    suffer bites or scratches

75
Proper Handling Techniques for Small Animals
  • Briefly restrain animals when needed for
    examination or treatment

76
Cats
  • To work around the head of a cat, the animal can
    be wrapped in a blanket and placed in a zippered
    canvas bag so that the handler can grasp the back
    of the head and hold the head between the thumb
    and fingers.

77
Dogs
  • Dogs are briefly restrained by placing one arm
    under the dogs neck with the forearm holding the
    head while the other arm is placed around the
    animals body to pull it close to the handler.

78
Dogs
  • Muzzles for dogs prevent biting and can be a
    simple narrow strip of gauze or cloth made by
    making a loop in the material.
  • The loop is slipped over the dogs nose and mouth
    at the ends are crossed under the jaw to bring
    them up behind the ears for tying in a bow.

79
Rabbits
  • Rabbits seldom bite but may cause injury with
    their hind legs or may be injured if placed on a
    smooth surface.

80
Rabbits
  • A rabbits foot pads are covered with fur which
    causes a lack of traction if they are placed on a
    smooth or slick surface and may result in
    dislocation of their hip or spine when they try
    to move or hop.

81
Rats and Mice
  • Rats and mice that are used to being handled can
    be picked up by grasping the tail close to the
    body with one hand and using the other hand to
    grasp loose skin in the neck and shoulder area.
About PowerShow.com