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Early Civilizations of India

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Geography Indian Subcontinent The subcontinent is ... Civilization Indus Valley Civilization PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint Presentation Aryan ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Early Civilizations of India


1
Early Civilizations of India
2
GeographyIndian Subcontinent
  • The subcontinent is protected
  • North by the Himalayas
  • Northwest by Hindu Kush
  • Isolated this area to develop cultures on its
    own.

3
Indus Valley Civilization
  • 2600 B.C
  • Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
  • Present day Pakistan - Indus river

4
Indus Valley Civilization
Plumbing, Sewers, Water Chutes (well organized
governments)
5
Indus Valley Civilization
  • Regional Trade
  • To Persia
  • From Mesopotamia

6
Indus Valley Civilization
  • 1900 BC - the culture disappears
  • Earth Quake
  • Plague
  • Aryans

7
Aryan Civilization
  • 2000-1500 BC Aryans migrate into India.
  • Chariots, Bows, Nomad

8
Aryans
  • They stopped nomad life
  • started farming in India Ganges Plain

9
Aryan Civilization
  • Began the Vedic Age

10
VEDASEarliest Hindu Sacred Text
11
Aryan Epic Literature
  • Common language
  • Sanskrit
  • Epic poems emerge

Rama and Sita
12
Aryan Epic Literature
  • The Mahabharata
  • Indias greatest epic poem
  • - outlines religious beliefs, immortality, and
    value duties

Rama and Sita
13
Hinduism
14
Hinduism
  • No single founder
  • Grew from over-lapping beliefs of various people
  • One of worlds most complex religions

15
Brahma
Vishnu
Shiva
  • Most important gods are
  • Brahma, the Creator
  • Vishnu, the Preserver
  • Shiva, the Destroyer
  • POLYTHEISIC

16
Aryan Religion and Hinduism
  • Many gods reveal some Character of Brahman
  • Brahman
  • a single spiritual power beyond the many gods and
    the Vedas

17
The Caste System
  • Aryan class divisions
  • groups into which people are born
  • socio-economic roles (occupations)

18
Hinduism and The Caste System
  • govern all aspects of life to ensure Spiritual
    Purity

19
Hinduism and The Caste System
  • govern all aspects of life to ensure Spiritual
    Purity
  • Why would people continue to live this way for a
    couple thousand years?

20
Hinduism and The Caste System
  • govern all aspects of life to ensure Spiritual
    Purity
  • Why would people continue to live this way for a
    couple thousand years?
  • Karma and Reincarnation

21
Mokshathe goal of life
22
Achieving Moksha the goal of life
  • Reincarnation - the upward trek toward moksha
    through rebirth

23
Achieving Moksha the goal of life
  • Reincarnation - the upward trek toward moksha
    through rebirth
  • Dharma - religious and moral duties.

24
Achieving Moksha the goal of life
  • Reincarnation - the upward trek toward moksha
    through rebirth
  • Dharma - religious and moral duties.
  • Karma - refers to all actions in life that affect
    your fate in the next life.

25
Achieving Moksha the goal of life
  • Reincarnation - the upward trek toward moksha
    through rebirth
  • Dharma - religious and moral duties.
  • Karma - refers to all actions in life that affect
    your fate in the next life.
  • Moksha union with Brahman
  • free self from selfish desires

26
Achieving Moksha the goal of life
  • Reincarnation - the upward trek toward moksha
    through rebirth
  • Dharma - religious and moral duties.
  • Karma - refers to all actions in life that affect
    your fate in the next life.
  • Moksha union with Brahman.
  • free self from selfish desires
  • Non Violence
  • (Mahatma Gandhi)

27
IMPACT OF ASOKA
  • Grandson of Chandra Gupta
  • Maurya Empire
  • At bloody campaign of Kalinga decided to stop the
    killing
  • Live/lead my Moral Example
  • Rock Edicts
  • Tolerance of Religion
  • Rock Edicts
  • Bureaucracy
  • Hospitals
  • Roads for travel and TRADE
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