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AIR AND WATER POLLUTION

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AIR AND WATER POLLUTION In Brunei Darussalam THANK YOU Some Facts and Figures Located on the north cost of the island of Borneo Surrounded by the state of Sarawak ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: AIR AND WATER POLLUTION


1
AIR AND WATER POLLUTION
  • In Brunei Darussalam

2
Some Facts and Figures
  • Located on the north cost of the island of Borneo
  • Surrounded by the state of Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Population of 408,786 as at June 2012
  • Classified as a developing country

3
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4
Towards Environmental Sustainability
  • A Department of Environment, Parks and Recreation
    (JASTRE) was established in July 2002 to oversee
    preservation of the environment
  • 10th National Development Plan , much emphasis on
    working towards a quality of life based on
    consideration of environmental factors

5
  • In line with Vision 2035 for higher standards of
    living and per capita income to be within top 10
    countries worldwide
  • JASTRE works closely with international
    organizations to ensure best practices in
    environmental preservation

6
Air quality in Brunei Darussalam
  • Generally good with PSIs below USEPA, EU and WHO
    guidelines.

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8
  • In 2012, 356 good air quality days (97) and 9
    moderate air quality days (3)
  • From January 2013 to date, Brunei has achieved
    294 good air quality days (81) and 21 moderate
    air quality days (6)

9
Air quality in Brunei Darussalam (2005-2013)
10
  • Moderate air quality days attributed to
    transboundary smoke haze pollution from
    neighbouring countries (during dry season, June
    September)
  • Localised forests and bush fires and open burning
    also contribute to impairment of air quality but
    not a serious problem

11
Air Quality Monitoring
  • Air quality monitoring has been implemented and
    overseen by JASTRE
  • Air quality monitoring stations located
    throughout 4 districts
  • Stations measures particulate matters of sizes 10
    microns and 2.5 microns that are expressed in
    Pollutant Standard Index or PSI

12
Problems
  • Open Burning is still rampant, mainly backyard
    burning in residential and commercial areas
  • Provision which bans open burning s.277A Penal
    Code (during prescribed periods)

13
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14
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15
ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution
  • Brunei is a party to the Agreement
  • JASTRE is the national focal point with the
    National Disaster Management Centre, the
    Department of Fire and Rescue and the Department
    of Metereological Services supporting prevention
    and mitigation of forest fires and smoke haze.

16
  • As a country party to the Agreement, Brunei
    provides regular updates to the ASEAN secretariat

17
Water Quality in Brunei Darussalam
  • Rivers generally still in pristine condition

18
Problems and Challenges
  • Pollution of Brunei River
  • Worst in Kampong Ayer where residents directly
    discharge sewage and sullage water into the river
  • Estimated 189,000 tonnes of waste generated by
    Bruneians yearly, that is approximately 1.4kg
    average waste per capita per person per day.

19
  • Solid waste pollution most visible in Kg Ayer.
    (kitchen garbage and trash, cand, bottles,
    plastic bags and discarded household goods)

20
Solid waste pollution in Brunei Bay
21
Other effects
  • Indiscriminate dumping of solid waste has also
    affected the mangrove forests
  • This has affected fish resources and poses
    ecological threats
  • Once the mangrove forests disappear, Brunei will
    become vulnerable to tsunamis and will no longer
    provide breeding ground for fish and prawns

22
Whats been done so far
  • River water quality monitoring network introduced
    under 2007-2013 National Development Plan
  • River quality monitoring stations strategically
    located in the 4 major rivers, Brunei River,
    Tutong River, Belait River and Temburong River
  • Monitoring is done upstream, midstream and in the
    lower stream of the rivers

23
  • The parameters measured and recorded are compiled
    in a database to monitor river water quality

24
Sungai Brunei Clean Up Project
  • Introduced by JASTRE (Dept of Environment, Parks
    and Recreation) in 2008
  • Involved collection and disposal of floating
    waste, waste underneath houses and along the
    riverbanks
  • Waste reduction activities and conservation
    efforts of the Brunei River specifically

25
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26
  • Introduction of recycling bins in Kg Ayer
  • Waste shredder has been posted at Ayer Bekunchi
    waste collection centre to shred wood and timbers
  • Awareness programmes introduced in primary
    schools in Kg Ayer on recycling and proper
    disposal of waste

27
  • Of greater signifance, implementation of sewage
    treatment and disposal systems in newly built Kg
    Ayer settlement projects.
  • In older settlements with no sewage treatment
    plants, the Government is resettling the
    residents to lessen the pollution load generated.

28
Where we are
  • At the National Environmental Conference 2012,
    some alarming statistics were revealed
  • 1. Bruneis energy consumption per capita
    surpassed developed countries like Japan, France
    and Germany by at least 1300 kilowatts per hour
    per person
  • 2. Solid waste generation is at 1.4kg of solid
    waste per person per day

29
  • 3. Brunei also makes about 15.5 tonnes per capita
    per year in carbon dioxide emissions (UK 9.1
    metric tonnes, Malaysia 7.1 metric tonnes)
  • 4. Brunei consumes twice the amount of water as
    Malaysia and 3 times that of Singapore at 450
    litres of water per person per day.

30
  • Deterioration of the environment was pointed out
    by the Minister of Development as a pressing
    issue.
  • He expressed concern that careful attention be
    paid to the appropriate balance between economic
    growth, effective environmental protection and
    social progress

31
The Way Forward?
  • Environmental Protection and Management Order
    2012 , still in draft form
  • Covers air pollution control, water pollution
    control, land pollution control, hazardous
    substances control amongst others
  • No cases on pollution have come before the courts

32
  • Despite no legislation, measures in place to
    control air and water pollution
  • Government taking environmental concerns
    seriously with many initiatives introduced by the
    Ministry of Development such as education and
    awareness programmes to promote water
    conservation, the use of water saving devices in
    public buildings

33
  • Introduction of Green Building initiatives that
    is hoped will lead to a National Green Building
    Certification Scheme.
  • Feasibility study currently being conducted for
    the development of a treatment and disposal of a
    hazardous wastes center.

34
  • THANK YOU
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