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Culture, Alcohol Use and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome


Title: Culture, Alcohol Use and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Author: Don Jackman Last modified by: Robert's Computer Created Date: 10/20/2011 12:42:10 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Culture, Alcohol Use and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Culture,Alcohol Useand Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
What is Culture?
  • First Question.

How does alcohol use vary in different cultures?
  • Second Question

What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?
  • Third Question..

  • These are the questions we will be covering today

Culture is
Websters Dictionary
  • The concepts, habits, skills, art, instruments,
    institutions, etc. of a given people in a given
    period civilization

Culture can be.
  • The culture of a family
  • The culture of a town
  • The culture of a state
  • The culture of a region
  • The culture of country
  • The blending of cultures
  • The culture of our current time
  • The culture of our current age

Alcohol Use
  • Drinking Alcohol is common around the world.
    Except where prohibited by religion, is the norm
    rather than the exception. In the US about 2/3 of
    adult population drink alcohol to some extent
    according to the US Department of Health and
    Human Services.

Alcohol Use
  • For the overwhelming majority of those who drink
    alcoholic beverages, this behavior has no health,
    personal or social consequences.

Alcohol Use
  • Until an individual drives drunk
  • Drinking becomes excessive
  • Drinking becomes uncontrollable
  • A woman drinks when pregnant

Alcohol Use
  • Countries that have the highest rates of per
    capita alcohol consumption also have the high
    rates of alcohol-related problems including FASD

Alcohol Use
  • What Country has the highest rate of drinking
    Alcohol per capita?

Alcohol Use
  • United States

  • What state has the highest number of people with


  • FAS is characterized by brain damage, facial
    deformities, and growth deficits. Heart, liver,
    and kidney defects also are common, as well as
    vision and hearing problems. Individuals with FAS
    have difficulties with learning, attention,
    memory, and problem solving.

  • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a set of physical
    and mental birth defects that can result when a
    woman drinks alcohol during her pregnancy. When a
    pregnant woman drinks alcohol, such as beer,
    wine, or mixed drinks, so does her baby. Alcohol
    passes through the placenta right into the
    developing baby. The baby may suffer lifelong
    damage as a result.

  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is an
    umbrella term describing the range of effects
    that can occur in an individual whose mother
    drank alcohol during pregnancy. These effects may
    include physical, mental, behavioral, and/or
    learning disabilities with possible lifelong
    implications. The term FASD is not intended for
    use as a clinical diagnosis.

  • FASD covers other terms such as
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) - the only diagnosis
    given by doctors.
  • Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder
    (ARND) - reserved for individuals with functional
    or cognitive impairments linked to prenatal
    alcohol exposure, including decreased head size
    at birth, structural brain abnormalities, and a
    pattern of behavioral and mental abnormalities
  • Alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD) - describes
    the physical defects linked to prenatal alcohol
    exposure, including heart, skeletal, kidney, ear,
    and eye malformations
  • Fetal alcohol effects (FAE) - a term that has
    been popularly used to describe alcohol-exposed
    individuals whose condition does not meet the
    full criteria for an FAS diagnosis

Canadian Program
  • Whitecrow Village FASD Society
  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Understanding
    charitable organization committed to educating
    communities and professionals about Fetal Alcohol
    Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and to improving the
    lives of those who are affected by this prominent
    neurodevelopmental disability.
  • FASD affects all facets of society and reaches
    across all social and professional domains. It
    transcends cultural and economic diversities, and
    is reported to be the highest occurring birth
    defect in North America (topping Muscular
    Dystrophy, HIV Infection, Spina Bifida, and Down
    Syndrome). Health Canada estimates that 9 out of
    every 1000 babies born have FASD, and that one
    child with FAS is born every day in Canada. 
    Without proper support and understanding, persons
    with FASD are at risk for many secondary
    disabilities including drug and alcohol
    addictions, trouble with the law, unemployment,
    poverty, homelessness, depression, and suicide.
  • Whitecrow Village is for and about community. 
    Our programs offer a model for a way of life and
    a way of being with one another. Wherever and
    whenever we come together, we create a place
    where regardless of age, color, gender, social
    class, disability or ability, sexual preference,
    religious persuasion, and all other things that
    have been used to divide and create disharmony
    among peoples throughout history each person has
    equal value and belonging. Each voice is heard
    as each completes our circle.

Minnesota Program
  • FASD Impacts Us All.
  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is caused
    when a woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy. 
    FASD is common.  It is costly.  And it is 100
  • Since 1998, the Minnesota Organization on Fetal
    Alcohol Syndrome (MOFAS) has been the hub of hope
    for individuals and families affected by FASD. 
    MOFAS is the statewide organization serving as
    the leading voice and resource on FASD in
    Minnesota - standing up for the rights of the
    FASD community, providing education and training
    so FASD is better understood and working to
    ensure that all women know that there is no safe
    level of alcohol use during pregnancy.
  • We invite you to browse our site to learn about
    the Minnesota Organization on Fetal Alcohol
    Syndrome (MOFAS). Share in our vision of
    celebrating alcohol-free pregnancies.  And help
    us prevent FASD.

South Africa
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Statistics in
    South Africa
  • According to scientific studies, South Africa has
    the highest reported incidence of FAS in the
  • In some areas up to 12.2 (122 babies in 1000) of
    babies are born with FAS a problem of national
    proportions if compared to the statistic of 12
    of adults with HIV/AIDS in South Africa.
  • The prevalence of FAS in countries such as
    America varies from 0.1 to 0.8, whereas in South
    Africa FAS is as high as 12.2 in high risk
  • The prevalence rate of Fetal Alcohol Exposure is
    far higher than the recorded FAS rate (between
    three to five times higher.)  Thus 50 70
    individuals were prenatally damaged with tragic
    and dire consequences for all communities in
    South Africa.
  • then go to You Tube..a must
    see! It Takes a Village

The Arc of Rowan
  • Why does The Arc of Rowan care about FAS and

The Arc of Rowan
  • FASD is a 100 preventable cause of Intellectual
    and Development Disabilities

  • Links for FASD

The Arc of Rowan
  • About The Arc of Rowan.
  • List of our current programs

The Arc of Rowan
  • Contact Information
  • 704-637-1521
  • The Arc of Rowan
  • 1918 W. Innes Street
  • Salisbury, NC 28144