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Scratch Your Brain: Novel Ways to Interest Students in Critical Thinking

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Title: Scratch Your Brain: Novel Ways to Interest Students in Critical Thinking


1
Scratch Your Brain Novel Ways to Interest
Students in Critical Thinking
2
Objectives
  • Briefly discuss definitions of critical
    thinking.
  • Consider arguments and critical thinking.
  • Consider characteristics of critical thinkers.
  • Explore some novel critical thinking exercises.
  • Discuss ways to use resources in teaching.

3
Definition
  • What is YOUR definition of
  • critical thinking?

4
Common Definitions
  • Thinking outside the box
  • Unlimited thinking
  • Divergent thinking

5
Another Definition
  • The intellectually disciplined
  • process of actively and skillfully
  • conceptualizing, applying, analyzing,
  • synthesizing, and evaluating information.
  • The National Council for Excellence in Critical
    Thinking, 1987

6
Another Definition
  • Critical thinking is the art of analyzing and
    evaluating thinking with a view to improving it.
  • The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking
    Concepts And Tools, 5 ed.

7
Quote Henry Ford
  • Thinking is the hardest work there is, which is
    probably why so few engage in it.

8
Arguments
  • Inductive Reasoning
  • Deductive Reasoning
  • Syllogism major premise, minor premise,
    conclusion
  • Humans are mortal Greeks are human Therefore,
    Greeks are mortal

9
Resource
  • http//www.sjsu.edu/depts/itl/graphics/main.html

10
Make Your Argument
  • Monty Python Argument Clinic
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vRDjCqjzbvJYplayne
    xt1listPL8263C81EE53E94FA

11
Visual Argument
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vEGp0WWfEadgNR1f
    eaturefvwp

12
Critical thinking is . . .
  • Self-disciplined
  • Self-monitored
  • Self-corrective thinking

13
Thinking Critically Means
  • Examining different viewpoints
  • Learn to think from different perspectives

14
Young girl? or Old woman?
15
Man playing horn? or Womans silhouette?
16
A Native American face? or An Eskimos back?
17
What/Who Doesnt Belong? And Why?
  • whale, shark, zebra
  • camera, photographer, pilot
  • Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson, Rick Perry
  • Aristotle, Plato, Frank Fair
  • Monet, Renoir, Einstein
  • Copland, Mozart, Bach
  • De Castro, Muehsam, Harman

18
What Do They Have in Common?
  • Aristotle, Plato, Frank Fair
  • Milton Friedman, Robert Solow, Carl Menger
  • Zimbardo, Bandura, Milgrim
  • Door-in the face, foot-in-the-door, low-ball
  • Vera Wang, Sarah Burton, Carolina Herrera

19
The Camels
  • An Arab sheik tells his two sons to race their
    camels to a distant city to see who will inherit
    his fortune. The one whose camel is slower will
    win. The brothers, after wandering aimlessly for
    days, ask a wise man for advice. After hearing
    the advice, they jump on the camels and race as
    fast as they can to the city. What does the wise
    man say?

20
The Wise Man Says
  • Switch camels.

21
Train Wreck
  • One train leaves from NYC heading towards LA at
    100 mph. Three hours later, a train leaves from
    LA heading towards NYC at 200 mph. Assume
    theres exactly 2000 miles between LA and NYC.
    When they meet, which train is closer to NYC?

22
When they meet
  • theyre both at the same spot, so they are both
    the same distance from NYC.

23
Going to St. Ives
  • As I was going to St. Ives I met a man with
    seven wives. Each wife had seven sacks. Each sack
    had seven cats. Each cat had seven kits. Kits,
    cats, sacks, and wives, how many were going to
    St. Ives?

24
  • Some months have 31 days how many have 28?
  • How many outs are in an inning?
  • There are 3 apples and you take away 2. How many
    do you have?

25
Common Phrases
  • DECI SION
  • ANOTHER ONE

26
Common Word
27
  • A duck, a goose, a goat, and a horse all entered
    the barn at different times one day last week.
  • 1) A mammal entered the barn first. 2) The duck
    entered before the goose. 3) The goose entered
    ahead of the horse.
  • Who entered the barn first?

28
Common Phrases
  • CHIEDITOREF
  • T   2222

29
Word Fun
  • Determine both one-word answers. The floor of
    ship or boat, They walk on me at sea Where
    theres a C, make it an S, At school you sit on
    me.

30
What Economic Phrases?
  • advantage
  • demchangeand

31
History Terms?
  • ISM

32
Poetry Terms?
coo
33
Phrase

t


s
r
34
Fun Theory
http//www.youtube.com/watch?v2lXh2n0aPyw
http//www.youtube.com/watch?vcbEKAwCoCKwNR1
35
Discuss
  • How might you use some of these ideas in your
    classroom?
  • Could students use critical thinking in
    generating critical thinking activities to share
    with the class?

36
How Not to Be Stupid
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?v_9BMyaftZ1A

37
Thank You
  • Contact me
  • harman_at_shsu.edu
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