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The Africa We Dream, Desire and Deserve

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The Africa We Dream, Desire and Deserve Presented by Chukwuemeka B Eze Program Director, WANEP Introduction Finding African Solutions to African Problems has become a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Africa We Dream, Desire and Deserve


1
  • The Africa We Dream, Desire and Deserve
  • Presented by
  • Chukwuemeka B Eze
  • Program Director, WANEP

2
Introduction
  • Finding African Solutions to African Problems has
    become a mantra and no longer a new ideology in
    discourse of this nature. Notable leaders like
    Kwame Nkrumah in his book, I speak of Freedom,
    (1909-1972) observed that Africans must find an
    African solution to African problems, and that
    this can only be found in African unity.
  • The myriad of African challenges of our time
    include but not limited to general lack of
    development, gross human rights violations,
    inability to organize free and fair elections,
    perennial armed conflicts and insurgencies,
    political instability, unrelenting economic
    crises, financial corruption, wasteful spending,
    famine, diseases and poverty, all of which have
    become trademarks of the African continent.
  • We are very happy and appreciative of the AUCs
    opportunity and space not just to discuss these
    challenges but articulate our dream Africa which
    we surely desire and deserve

3
The Fallacy of Integration and Economic
Development
  • The theory of African Union has remained more
    on papers and public discourse than in reality.
  • The transformation from Organization of African
    Union to African Union has become more of name
    and regime change than the intentions and
    purposes it was meant to achieve
  • We desire and deserve an Africa that is truly
    united in voice, in actions and in structures

4
The Fallacy of Integration and Economic
Development
  • Africans desire and deserve true integration that
    is evident in the forms of movement of goods and
    people in the continent, in the form of visa
    acquisition, treatments at the point of entry of
    member states and in the working and living
    standards of African Citizens in Africa
  • The resourcing and financial independence of AUC
    to better coordinate the RECs, provide leadership
    in peace, security and governance architectures
    of the continent is long over due and need to
    move beyond formation of committees and reports
    of the committees only to set up another
    committee to review the report of the committee.
  • Africa citizens want to see a Truly United Africa
    and Africa Union

5
Participation
  • Exclusion hits at the nerve centre of peoples
    identity because it bases itself on
    discrimination. Exclusion happens because of
    imbalances of power and safeguarding one groups
    control over processes and resources that are
    seen as essential for survival
  • Our desire is to participate in the affairs of
    our continent. We want a true government of the
    people, by the people and for the people. This is
    the minimum democracy provides and Africans
    desire it. We want an AU of the peoples and not
    just of the states. We want to be part of the
    governance system of our continent and to share
    in the designing and envisioning processes of our
    various states not just as onlookers but as key
    stakeholders
  • Common Vision and purpose brings unity, Strong
    energy and alignment of dynamic people

6
Good Governance/Visionary Leaders
  • The concept of Social Contract theory suggests an
    understanding between the people and its
    government that the resources of the state is is
    held in trust by the government for the good of
    all of its citizens.
  • African governments needs to enhance
    transparency, inclusion of affected communities
    and judicious management of resources including
    land, minerals and other natural resources as
    well as the incomes derived from them.
  • The deficit in leadership and good governance is
    not for lack of competent citizens but rather the
    space to receive the very finest (manipulation of
    electoral process)
  • We desire and deserve the best of our continent.
    In this regard, we desire democracy and
    governance with a Human Security Face which is
    key to dealing with underlying structural
    factors/Relative Deprivation

7
Free, Fair and Credible Elections
  • Africans desire and deserve elections that meet
    the basic tenants of democracy and international
    standards. The nexus between legitimacy and free,
    fair and credible elections cannot be over
    emphasised.
  • In order for an election to truly represent the
    popular wish of the people, it has to meet four
    basic conditions. First and foremost, it must
    involve more than one political party or
    candidate so that the people could make their
    independent choice on how their representatives
    should actually rule them.
  • The assumption here is that where the election
    involves only one candidate, the elected leader
    would have nobody to debate state policies with
    or exchange ideas with in order to move the
    country to greater heights.

8
Free, Fair and Credible Elections
  • The second condition for democracy is that the
    competing political parties are given the
    opportunity to canvass for vote by having the
    freedom to hold meetings and to communicate with
    voters about their policies. Where this is
    impossible, new ideas and solutions will be
    difficult to factor into the political system.
  • Thirdly, the electoral process must be governed
    by well-known rules to be supervised by the
    courts to ensure complaints are handled fairly.
  • Last but not the least, the people must know
    about the choices they have to make during the
    elections the candidates, how to vote, and why
    it is important to vote.
  • It is only when all these four conditions are in
    place that candidates are most likely to accept
    the outcomes of the elections. This would also
    make the other countries to see the government so
    formed as being legitimate.

9
Infrastructures for Peace
  • We desire National Peace Structures and
    mechanisms for conflict prevention. Years of
    development and infrastructures are usually
    marred by seconds of violent conflicts.
  • There is need to Invest in conflict early
    warning, prevention comprehensive and robust
    post- conflict reconstruction and development
    that delivers on human security and economic
    growth.
  • Socio-political and economic transformation of a
    society depends on a sufficient level of social
    cohesion. This is a long term process requiring
    action and engagement at different levels to
    mobilize the internal capacity of a nation to
    build peace, strengthening self-reliance and
    confidence in ability to own problems

10
  • Why Infrastructures for Peace?
  • Lasting peace requires capacities and structures
    to deal with the range of conflicts and security
    threats that most immediately affect societies
    and communities.

11
Freedom from Want
  • Africa has been adjudged as a continent that is
    rich and yet the paradox is that over 70 of our
    countries are on the bottom level of worlds
    poorest countries Paradox of poverty in the
    Midst of plenty
  • We desire and deserve freedom from want

12
We all share the same needs and strive for the
same freedom
  • NEED
  • Subsistence
  • Protection
  • Affection
  • Understanding
  • Participation
  • Leisure
  • Creation
  • Identity
  • Freedom
  • SATISFIER
  • Freedom from want
  • Freedom from fear and abuse
  • Freedom from hate and rejection
  • Freedom from ignorance and uncertainty
  • Freedom from exclusion
  • Freedom from stress and exhaustion
  • Freedom to design own future
  • Freedom to be proud of who you are
  • Freedom from coercion

13
Environmental Protection and Sincerity of Purpose
on Climate Change
  • Climate change has raised a debate among African
    countries, the main concern being how to balance
    economic development and environmental
    sustainability.
  • African countries have argued in many
    environmental summits that developed countries
    reached their level of development at the expense
    of developing countries in what was called the
    brown way of economic growth.
  • Africa desire a friendly environment it could
    bequeath to its generations and NO DEVELOPED
    countries' emission and environmental
    indiscipline should stand on its way to achieving
    this
  • With the green economy concept likely to dominate
    the sustainable development agenda in future,
    African countries need to rally together to
    influence the outcome of the negotiations

14
Gender Equity and Equal Opportunities
  • Gender equality requires equal enjoyment by women
    and men of socially-valued goods, opportunities,
    resources and rewards. Gender does not mean that
    men and women become the same, but that their
    opportunities and life chances are equal.
  • Equal opportunity is about having the same life
    chances, possibilities and capabilities. It is
    about the existence of conducive environments and
    fair playing fields for competing at the same
    level. It presupposes the absence of undue
    barriers that block opportunities and
    possibilities and capabilities for reaching
    self-determined goals and for realizing ones
    potentials
  • We desire an Africa where men, women, girls,
    boys, children and every body is not
    discriminated upon and where fairness and justice
    abound in the distribution of benefits and
    responsibilities between and amongst all segments
    of the society

15
In Lieu of Conclusion
Pattern of international economic / political
linkages
ACCEPTANCE NEEDS Recognition of identity culture
STATE ACTORS
accommodate
supportive
exploitative
met
suppress
CONTEXTUAL BACKGROUND e.g. colonial legacy,
multi-ethnicity, historical social formation
unmet
NATURE OF CONFLICT
GOVERNANCE the STATE
ACCESS NEEDS e.g. political economic
participation
legitimate capacity
constructive
Illegitimacy incapacity
COMMUNAL GROUPS
destructive
SECURITY NEEDS Nutrition, Housing, physical
security
Role of MILITARY
confront
civic politics
violent rebellion
militarised politics
16
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