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Title: E-mail:lixj111@tom.com


1
?????
  • ?????
  • E-maillixj111_at_tom.com

2
?1? ???????????
  • 1.1 SPSS????
  • 1.1.1 SPSS??
  • SPSS(Statistics Package for Social Science )for
    Windows??????Windows????????????????
  • SPSS???????????????????????????,???????????????,??
    ??????????????????????????????????????????????,???
    ????????????

3
??????
(1)???????????????,???????????????????,???????????
?????? (2)????????????????? (3)?????????? (4)?????
??????
4
??SPSS???????
  • (1)??????
  • SPSS10.0?????????????????,???????????????????
  • (2)??????
  • ??SPSS?????
  • SPSS????????????????????
  • ??SPSS?????
  • SPSS????????????????,??????Help????Statistics
    Coach??,???????????

5
SPSS???? ??
SPSS Advanced ??????????????????????????
SPSS Categories ?????????Proxscal?
SPSS Complex Sample ??????????
SPSS Conjoint ??????????,???????
SPSS Exact Test ??P????????P????
SPSS Maps ?????????
SPSS Missing Value Analysis ???????????
SPSS Regression Logistic?????????Probit???
SPSS Tables ?????????(?????????????)
SPSS Trends Arima????????????
6
  • ??SPSS?????

SPSS???3???????????????,?????????????????????????
????????????????,?????SPSS????,?????????
SPSS????????????,??????????,???????????Windows???
???????????????????,???????????????????,???????,??
????????????????????????
7
1.1.2 spss???
  • ????Windows ?,?SPSS ??????(???)????(???),???SPSS??
    ?????????Setup.exe?
  • ???? Setup.exe ??,?????????????????????Welcome(??
    )???,??Next??????
  • ????????Software License Agreement????,??Yes??
    ????????

8
1.2 spss????
  • 1.2.1 spss????????
  • ??Windows ?????,??????SPSS for
    Windows???SPSS 10.0 for Windows????

9
1.2.2 SPSS?5???
  • (1)??????(SPSS Data Editor)

Spss???????????????
10
(No Transcript)
11
(2)??????(SPSS Output viewer)
??????????????????,???????
12
  • (3)??????(SPSS Draft Viewer)

??????????????????????WORD????rtf?????,?????????SP
SS?PC?????????????
13
(4)??????(SPSS Syntax Editor)
14
(5)????(SPSS Script Editor)
15
1.2.3 SPSS???????
  • ????????
  • ????SPSS??,??????File Open file?

??,????Analyze Descriptive Statistics
Frequencies,
16
(No Transcript)
17
??????
?Syntax???????????
Get filec\program files\spss\employee
data.sav. Frequencies variables jobcat/order
analysis?
???????Run All,???????????????????
18
??Include????
???Syntax???,???????????????????Syntax???????????
???????????Syntax??????,??????Copy?Paste??????
?,??????Syntax???,?????Include???
Include c\sytaxsample.sps.
19
  • ??spss Production Faccility ??

?Windows??????,spss??????spss for
windows???,????spss production facility?
20
(1)??Syntax???Add??,?C???????syntaxsample?
(2)??Syntax???Edit??,????????
(3)??????uesr prompts??,?????????????
(4)??Browse??????????,??export
options??????????????
21
1.2.4 spss???????
  • 1?????
  • 2?????
  • 3????????
  • 4?????????

22
(No Transcript)
23
?2? ?????????
?????????? ?????,?????????,??????????????????????
???? ?????,???????SPSS????Excel??????????,?????ODB
C??????????
24
  • 2.1 ??????
  • 2.1.1 ????????????
  • (1)???????????????????,??????????????
  • (2)??????????????????????,????????????????????????
    ?

????????,???????
25
2.1.2 ??????
??????,??????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????
??? ??????spss?????,spss?????ALL?END?BY?EQ?GE?GT?L
E?LT?NE?NOT?OR?TO?WITH?
26
?????????
  • SPSS?,??????????????????????

??????????0-9???????????,???????????????
?? ???
?? ???
?? ???
????? ???
?? ???
??? ???
27
????????????????8????,???????????????,???????????
??????????????,???????????????????
?????????????????????????????????,SPSS???????????
????????????????,SPSS??????????????1582?10?14?????
????
28
????????????
m????(??y?d)??????????(??h?s)??????? mmm???
????????????????????? ddd????d??????????????????
?? ??????????,?????????????????????/?????????
?,???,???????????????????,????????
29
?????????
?SPSS???Measure???????????????
(1)????(Nominal Measurement)???????????????????,?
??????????????????
????????????????,????????,???????????,???????????
?????????????????????
?spss?,????????????????,????????????????????????,?
?????????????
30
(2)????(Ordinal Measurement)?????????????????????
??,?????????
???????????????????,?????????????,???????????????
,???????????,???????
(3)????(Interval Measurement)????????????????????
?
????????????????????,???????????????????????????
??????????,?????????????,???????????????
31
(4)????(Scale Measurement)???????????????????????
??,???????????????????
????????????????,???????????????????,????????????
??????,????????????????,??????????????
32
???????????
Label??????? Value???????
33
  • ?????

Spss???????????????????????
?SPSS?,??????,???????????????,?????????
34
2.2 ???????
  • 2.1.1 ??????

Data View?????????????????,????????????????,??????
??????
35
Variable View?????????????????????,?????
??????????,?????????????????????,??????,???????Var
00001,Var00002??
36
?Variable View??,?????????,??? Name?????????????
???_at_??,??????8???,???4????8?????,??????????,??????
?????? Type??????????8 ?,?????Numeric????????????
??String???,Date???,Comma???(?3???????)?? Width?
??????? Decimals??????? Label????????????????? V
alues???????????????????? Missing????????? Colum
ns???Date View ???????(?????8)? Align??????(????
??)? Measure?????????????????????????????(???????
?)?
37
?????????????????????????,SPSS???????????.sav????
???,????????????????? SPSS DOS?????????.sys Exc
el ???????????.xls DBASE ???????.dbf SAS??????
??????
38
2.2.2 ????????????
???spss?????
???????????????,???????????
????????
39
???????? ?????????????????????????????????????
40
2.2.3??????
  • ???????(Multiple Dichotomy Method)
  • ???????,???????,???????????????,???????????,??????
    ???,?????????????????
  • ???????(Multiple Category Method)
  • ?????,?????????????????????,????????,?????????????
    ??????

41
????????spss????
42
2.3 ???????
SPSS???SPSS???????,???????????,??????????????????
?OBDC???????
2.3.1 ??????????spss?
SPSS??????????????????,????File Open
Data????????????? ????,??????Open File
???,?????????,?????????????????????
43
2.3.2 ????????spss?
?????,?Open File ????????,????,????????????????
?
?????NO?????????
44
???????
????
???????Delimited?yes,??????????
45
???
46
???
47
???
48
???
49
2.4 ?????
  • 2.4.1 ??spss??
  • 2.4.2 ????????

50
?3? ????
  • 3.1 ?????????

???????????????Transform???,??????????????????????
??
?????????Compute??? ???????Recode?Visual
Bander?Count?Rank Case?Automatic
Recode?????? ??????????????????????????????? ?Run
Pending Transforming??????????????????
51
???????
????????
???????
??????
????????
?????
?????????
???????
???????
????????
52
3.1.1 ?????
  • ?????????????spss????????,???????,??spss????????,?
    ???????SPSS????????,????????,?????????????????
  • ????????
  • (1)spss????? spss??????????spss????spss??????????
    ???????
  • (2)spss?? spss?????70????,???????????????????????
    ??????????????????????????
  • (3)spss????? ??spss??????????????????????,????????
    ??????,?????spss??????????????????

53
??compute???????
  • ?3.1 ???????60??????????????????

54
(No Transcript)
55
?3.2 ???????????
???????
56
3.1.2 ??????????
???????????
?SPSS?????????????(?????)??,?????????????????,????
???????Recode???Visual Bander???????????,?????????
??
?3.3 ?????????60???????,????60???70???,????70?
??80???,????80????
57
(No Transcript)
58
???????????
Recode?????????????????????????
???grade????????????????????PASS,?grade???????
??NOPASS?
59
(No Transcript)
60
3.1.3 ??????????
  • VISUAL Bander ???????????,????????????????????????
    ??????????,????????????
  • ?3.4 ?????????,?????????math?????5?,60?
  • ??????,60??????????????4??

61
(No Transcript)
62
(No Transcript)
63
(No Transcript)
64
3.1.4 ????????????
  • ?automatic recode?????????????

65
3.1.5 ?????
  • ????,??????????????????Rank case????????????????

?????????????????
66
(No Transcript)
67
3.1.6 Transform????????
  • (1)count?? ????????????????????,????Count???

??Target Variable???????(??????????????),???????,?
???????????Numeric Variables??,???Define
Values??,??Value to Count????
68
Value?????????? System-missing???????????? Sys
tem-or user missing????????????????? Range?????
???????? ( )through(
)?????????? lowest through( ) ???????? (
)highest through ?????????
69
  • (2)random Number Seed?? ???????????????

70
3.2 ?????????(?)
???????Data??????????????????????????SPSS?????????
?????????????????????????????????????????? (1)?
?????????????????????,?????????????????????????,?
?????????? (2)??????????????????????????? (3)????
???????????????,??????????????????????
71
(4)??????????????,???????????????????????? (5)???
?????????????????spss????,??????????????? (6)????
????????????????,????????????????? (7)??????????
?????????????????????
72
??????
??????
??????
??????
?????
?????
??????
?????
??????
??????
???????
????????
??????
????
?????
?????
73
3.2.1 ????
  • ?????????
  • (1)??????????????,?????????????sort
    Ascending?Sort Descending?
  • (2)???????,?????Sort Cases??????
  • ??????????????
  • (1)??????,????????????,??????????????????????
  • (2)??????????????????????????,????
  • (3)????,????????????????

74
(No Transcript)
75
(No Transcript)
76
3.2.2 ????
  • Split File ?????????????????????????,?????????????

77
(No Transcript)
78
3.2.3 ????
  • Select Cases?????????????,?????????????,??????

All case?????? If condition is satisfied
??????????
79
Random Sample of cases???????????
80
(No Transcript)
81
(No Transcript)
82
(No Transcript)
83
Based on time or case range???????Range??,??Selec
t Case Range???,??????????????????????????
Use filter variable????????????????,?????????????
????0???????????,???????????????????
84
(No Transcript)
85
3.2.4 ????
  • Weight Cases???????????

86
3.2.5 ????
???????
  • ????????????????????????,??????????????????,??????
    ?????,????????????

???????????
1???data??,??Aggregate,??aggregate data????
87
2???????????????????????????????(Break
Variables)???
3??????????????????????????????????(Aggregate
Variables)??,????????????????
4?name label (?????)?????????????????????????
??name???????????????Label?????????????????contin
ue?????
88
5?Function(??) ????????????????????????????
89
(No Transcript)
90
3.3?????????(?)
  • 3.3.1 ??????????
  • ???????????,??????????????,????????,??????????????
    ???????????,??????????????????????,?????????
  • ??????????Define Variable Properties

????,?????????????????????,?????????????????????
???????????,???????????????????
91
(No Transcript)
92
(No Transcript)
93
????????????
  • Copy Data Properties ????????????????????????

??????????????????????????????,?????????,???????,?
?????????,????????????????????????
94
(No Transcript)
95
(No Transcript)
96
3.3.2 ??????
  • Identifying Duplicate Cases?????????

97
(No Transcript)
98
(No Transcript)
99
(No Transcript)
100
?????,????????????????
101
3.3.3 ????????????
  • ????????????
  • ?????????????????????????????

???????????????????????,??????????????????????????
???????????????
102
(No Transcript)
103
(No Transcript)
104
?????????????Restructure?
??Data Restructure,???????????
105
(No Transcript)
106
(No Transcript)
107
(No Transcript)
108
(No Transcript)
109
??????
  • Transpose??????????,????????????????????????,????
    ????,????????,?????????????

110
Variable(s)???????????????????,??????????????????
???,?????,????????????
Name variable?????,??????????????,??name
variable?,?????????????????
111
3.3.4 ?????????
  • ???????????????,?????????,???????????????????????
    ?
  • ??????????????,???????????,????????????????????,?
    ?????????????????????????
  • ???????????
  • ???????????????????,??????????,????????????
  • ????????????
  • ??,?????spss????,?????????????
  • ??,???spss???????,?????????,????????,?????????????
    ???

112
(No Transcript)
113
(No Transcript)
114
(No Transcript)
115
Unpaired variable???????????????????????,????????
?? Variable in new working data????????? Indicate
case source as variable???????????/
116
(No Transcript)
117
???????????
  • ??????????????????,??????,?????????
  • ??????????
  • ??,??????????????????,????????????????????????,???
    ???????????????,???????
  • ??,????????????????,????????????????????????
  • ??,???SPSS?????,?????????,?????????,????????????

118
(No Transcript)
119
Excluded Variables???????????????????,??????????
New Working Data?????????
Match Case on Key Variable in sort???????????????
??
Both files provide case?????????????????? Externa
l file is keyed table????????,????????,??????????
??????,?????,?????????????????????,?????????? Work
ing Data File is keyed table????????? Key
Variables?????,????????????????? Indicate case
source as variable????????????
120
(No Transcript)
121
?4? ???????????????
  • 4.1 ???????????
  • 4.1.1 ??????????
  • (1)??????????
  • ????????
  • (2)????????
  • ??????????????
  • (3)???
  • (4)???

122
4.1.2 ?????????????
(1)???? (Central Trend) ??(Mean) ???(Median) ??(M
ode) ??(Sum)
123
(2)????(Dispersion Trend) ???(Std.
Deviation)???(Variance)???(Range)????(Minimum)????
(Maximum)????(S.E. Mean)
(3)????(Distribution Tendency) ????(Skewness)?????
(Kurtosis)
(4)???? ??????(Percentile)?M???(M-Estimators)????(
Outlier)?
124
(No Transcript)
125
4.1.3 spss??????
  • 1?Spss??????????????,????Descriptive
    Statistics?????
  • (1)Frequencies??????????,???????????

126
????????????????
127
(2)Descriptive??
  • ?????????????,???Frequencies????,?????????

128
(3)Explore ??
  • ?????????????????????????,????????????,???????,???
    ????????

129
(No Transcript)
130
(4)Ratio ??
  • ??????????????????

131
(No Transcript)
132
2?Compares means ????
133
means??means?????????????????????????,??????,????
????,???????????
134
4.2??????????
  • 4.2.1 ????
  • ????(Arithmetic Mean)??????????????????????????(Po
    pulation Mean)????? ??,?????? ???
  • ?????????????

135
???????
??????????????????????????????????? ??????????????
?????????,???????????,??????????????????????,?????
?????????????????,??????????????????????
?????????
?????????????????????????,??????????????
136
4.2.2 ???
  • ???(Median)??????????????????,????????????
  • ????????
  • ??????????,????????????????????
  • ??????????????
  • ??????????

137
4.2.3????????
  • ??????
  • ?????????????,????????????,???????????????,???????
    ????????????????????,???????????,????????????????
    ,??????????,???????????????????
  • ????????5????,??????5????

138
??????
????????????????,?????????????????
?????????????????lgX???????????
139
????(Mode) ?????????????????????
????????????,????????????,????????????????????
?SPSS?,?????Report????Tables?????????????????????
?????? ????????X?????????
?SPSS?,???????Report????4?????????????
140
4.3 ?????????
  • 4.3.1??(Range)
  • ?????,?????????(Maximun)????(Minimum)???
  • ????????????????????,????,??????????????????
  • ????????
  • ????????????????,?????????????,????????
  • ??????????????,??????????

141
4.3.2 ??????
  • ????(Variance)????(Standard Deviation)???
  • ???????(Sum of Squares of Deviation from
    Mean,SS)??????N,?????
  • ????,???????????
  • ????????,????????
  • ?????,?????????????????,?????,???????????,??????,?
    ??????????????,???????????,????????,??????
  • ?????????????
  • ???????????????????

142
4.3.3 ????????????????
??????????????,???????????????????????????????????
??????????????????
?????
??????????,?PX?????????PX???????????,????x??????
?,(100-x)???????? ????(quartile)?????(decile)????
?(percentile),??????3???9???99?????4???10???100???
????????
143
??????
???????????????,???P25?P50?P75???? ???,??????????
,????????????? ???????(?????)????????(?????)?
?????????????????
QRQ3-Q1
144
4.3.4 ????
  • ??????????????????,?????????????????????????????
  • (1)????????
  • (2)???????
  • ??????,???????????????,?????(Coefficient of
    Variance),??????????????

145
4.4 ??????????
  • 4.4.1 ??????
  • 4.4.2 ??Explore??????
  • ?????????????????,????????
  • ????????????????????????????????????????????,????
    ????????????
  • ???????????????????
  • ????????Levene??????????????

146
??????
1???Analyze-gtDescriptive statistics-gtExplore,??Exp
lore????
(1)???????????????,??Dependent List??
(2)??????????,??Factor List????????,SPSS????????
????????????????,?????Dependent
List??????,?????????,SPSS?????????????
(3)?Display???????,???Both???,??????????(????),???
?????????????????????
147
2???Statistics?????,??Statistics???,????????
(1)Descriptives??????????????????????,?????95?
(2)M-??(M????????????????,???????????????)? (3)Out
liers??????????????????? (4)Percentiles??????
148
3???Plots ????,??Plots????
(1)Boxplot ?????
Factor levels together??????????(????) Dependents
together ?????????????(??????)None??????
(2)Descriptive ????? Stem-and-leaf ???Histogram
???
(3)Normality plots with test(???),?????????Q-Q??
(4)Spread vs level with Levene Test?,?????????,??
????????????????Levene?s???
None????????????????? Power Estimation??????(???
????????????????????????????)?? Transformed
????????? Untransformed?????????????
149
4???Option??,??Option???????????????????,SPSS?????
???
(1)Exclude cases listwies ??????????(????)? (2)Exc
lude cases pairwise ??????????????????????????????
(3)Report values ??????????????
5???OK,??????????????
150
?????????
151
(No Transcript)
152
??????????????
153
(No Transcript)
154
  • ?? Stem-and-Leaf Plot for
  • sex ?
  • Frequency Stem Leaf
  • 1.00 15 . 9
  • .00 16 .
  • 9.00 16 . 555778999
  • 20.00 17 . 00000000011112334444
  • 24.00 17 . 555555555556677777788889
  • 12.00 18 . 000000122234
  • 3.00 18 . 668
  • Stem width 10
  • Each leaf 1 case(s)

155
???,???????????????(?????),??????????????(?????),?
??????????????????????(?25???),??????????????????
??(?75???)????????????????????(?50???)?
156
  • 4.4.3????????????
  • ??Descriptive?????

??Frequencies?????
157
(No Transcript)
158
4.5 ??????????
  • ???????????????????????????????(Statistical
    Inference),???????????????????
  • 4.5.1 ????
  • ?????????
  • ????????X??????????
  • ??????X??????(Normal Distribution)

159
?????????
  • (1)???????????,??????,?????????????????
  • (2)?????,??????????
  • (3)????????????????????????????????????
  • (4)???????????,????????,????????,????????
  • (5)?68?????????????????????
  • (6)?95?????????????1.96???????
  • (7)99?????????????2.58?????

160
????????(Standard Normal Distribution)
  • ??????????????????

?SPSS??Descriptive????????????????????,???????????
??Save standardized values as variables ??????
161
???????
  • (1)??(Skewness)???????????????????,??????????????
    ?????

???????????????,?????????
162
  • (2)??(Kurtosis)????????????????????,?????????????
    ????????????

163
4.5.2 ??????
????????????????????????????,???????? ????????????
?????,??????????????????? ??????????????????,?????
?????? ???????????,??????????????? ???????????????
????,??????????????????
????
???????,???????????????????????,??????????????????
?????????
164
  • ?????????
  • ???????????????,????????,?????????????????,???????
    ???????????????
  • ???????
  • ????????????????,??????????????,???????????????

165
?????M???R????????
SPSS????M????4?,?????Huber?Andrews?Hampel?Tukey???
?,?????????????????,Huber??????????????,??????????
????????????M?????????????,??????????????,???M????
?????????????
166
4.5.3 ???????
  • ?????
  • ??????????????????????????????
  • ?????????
  • ??????????????????????????????????,??????????1-a??
    ???????(Confidence Interval)?
  • ????????????,?????100(1-a)?????

167
(No Transcript)
168
?5? ??????????????
  • ????????,??????????????(Ordinal
    Variable)???????(Nominal Variable)?
  • 5.1???????????
  • 5.1.1?????????????
  • ??????????
  • ???????????????????(????)????(???)?
  • ?????????????????????,????????????????????????????
    ????

169
?????????
????????,???(Mode)?????????
????,??????????????????????????,???????????
?????????????
(1)?(Ratio)????????????A/B,???????????/?????????
170
  • (2)???(Proportion)

??????K??(A1?A2?Ak),?????/?????????????????,????
????????????????
(3)?(Rate)
????????,???????????????,?????????????????
171
5.1.2 ?????????
  • ???????????,????????????????????????????,??????

??????????????,??????????????????????????????????
???????,???????????????????????????,??????????????
??,??????????????????? 1??????????,????????????
2???????????,??????????????????
172
(No Transcript)
173
5.2???????????
  • 5.2.1??Frequencies???????
  • ????
  • Analysis Descriptive Statistics Frequencies

174
(No Transcript)
175
5.2.2 ??Crosstabs???????
1?????,??Analyze?Descriptive Statistics?
Crosstabs????
2???????????,??????????Row(s)?,????????Column(s)??
????????????,???????????????Layer?????????????????
????????
176
3?Display clustered bar chart???,?????????????????
??Suppress table????????,?????????????????????????
???
4???Cell??,??CrosstabsCell Display???,???????????
???????????????Counts????Observed
???(????)?Expected??????Percentages????Row?????Col
umn?????Total??????Residuals???????????Standardize
??????? Adj. standardize ??????????
177
(No Transcript)
178
5.3 ????????
  • 5.3.1 ??????????

????????????????? (1)?????????????? (2)???????(P
ercent of Cases)?????????????? (3)?????????????
(4)???????(Percent of Responses)???????,?????????
??????
179
5.3.2 ????
????Analyze Multiple Response
Frequencies
1?Define Sets?? ??????????????????????,???????????
?? 2?Frequencies?? ????????????????????????? 3?Cro
sstabs?? ?????????????,??????????????????
180
5.4 ?????????
  • 5.4.1 ?????????

??????
??????????(Bernoulli)??,??????????????????????????
????????????????(???????????),???????????????????
?n ???,??????????,??????????????p,???????????1-p,?
?q,????????k(k0,1,2,?,n)???????
181
????????(Binomial Test)
????????????,????????????,????????????????????????
????
1?????
2????????p ?
3???p ????????
?????????????40 ?,??A ??B ???????????,??????????
??
182
?(1)?SPSS ????????(????Y)? ??????Analyzegt
Nonparametric Testsgt Binomial
Test? (2)???????Binomial Test(????)????,?Y??Te
st Variable,??????????
(3)????????OK??,??????
???????,p0.017lta0.05,????????????
183
?6? ???????
  • 6.1 spss????
  • 6.1.1 spss??????
  • 1?base??
  • 2?original??
  • 3?Custom Tables??
  • 6.1.2 ?????????

184
6.2????
  • 6.2.1 ??????
  • ?(Row)?????????????(Column)?????????????????????
    ???????????,?????????????????????(Cell)??(Layer)??
    ???????????

185
(No Transcript)
186
6.2.3????????
  • 1?????.
  • ???????????????
  • 2?????
  • ???????????????
  • (1)????????????????????????
  • (2)????????????????????
  • (3)?????5?25?75?95?99???????????????
  • (4)?????????????????????????????
  • (5)??????????????
  • 3????

187
6.2.4 ????????
  • 1????(Stacking)
  • ??????????????????????,??????????????????????????
  • 2????(Crosstabulation)
  • ??????????????????????
  • 3????(Nesting)
  • ????????????????,????????????????????
  • 4????(Layers)
  • ????????,???????????,?????
  • 5?????

188
6.3 ?Original Tables????
  • 6.3.1 ????
  • (1)Multiple Response Sets
  • (2)Basic Tables
  • (3)General Tables
  • (4)Multiple Response Tables
  • (5)Tables of Frequencies

189
6.3.2 Basic Tables??
  • ?2??????Cars.sav?????????????????????????????????
    ??,??????????,??????????

190
1????????
191
(No Transcript)
192
2?????????????
193
(No Transcript)
194
3??????
195
4????????
196
5??????????
197
6??????????
198
7?????????
199
6.3.3 General Tables ??
1????????
200
(No Transcript)
201
2??????
202
6.4?Custom Tables??????
  • 6.4.1?????

203
6.4.2 ??????
  • 1????????????????????,??????,????,???????????????
    ????????,??????/????,????????,????????????

204
2???????????
  • (1)??????Horsepower??,???????Define????Summary
    Statistics ????????,?????????????????????????

(2)??????????,?????????????????????????????,??????
??????????????????
205
3???????????
  • ??????Cylinder,?Define???????????,?????????

206
  • Totals and Subtotals Appear??????????????????????
    ??????????
  • Show????????????,Ttotal???????????,Missing???????
    ?????????????????,???????????Empty????????????????
    ??????????Other???????????????????
  • Exclude?????????????
  • Display???????????????????????????

207
4????????
  • ????????????,???Cylingder???????????,???????????

208
6.4.3 ???????
  • 1?Test Statistics??

209
2?Titles ???
210
3?Options???
211
6.5 ?????
  • 6.5.1 ??????
  • 1??????????
  • (1)????????
  • ??????????????SPSS Pivot table Object
    Edit,?????????
  • (2)????????
  • ??????????????SPSS Pivot table Object Ope?,

212
2??????????
213
3????????
214
6.5.2??????????
  • 1?Edit??

215
2?format??
??????????????????
??????????????????
??????????????
??????????????
????????
???????????????????
????????
216
3?View???Insert??
217
4?Pivot??
218
6.5.3 ?????????
  • ????Format?Table Properties????????????
  • (1)general???

219
(2)Footnotes???
220
(3)Cell Formats???
221
(4)Borders???
222
6.6????
223
6.6 .1?????????
  • ?????????
  • ??????(Parameter estimation)?????????????????
  • ????????????????? ???,??????????????????????
    ?
  • ???? ????????? ??,???
    ?????(estimator)?
  • ???(estimated value)?????????????????????????

224
??????????
  • ???????????(point estimate)?????(interval
    estimate)???
  • (?)???

??????????x1,x2,xn???????
????????????,????????????????????,?????????
??????????????,???????????
225
?????????????????X??????N(µ,d2),??µ?d2??????
????????5???,?????????1529???1513???1600???1527???
1111??????µ?d2?
??????????,???????? ,?????????? ?
226
  • ???????????
  • 1????(unbiasedness)
  • ?????????????????????????????

??
????????????
?????????????
(?????)
(?????)
227
2????(Efficiency)
228
?????
?????
??
229
(No Transcript)
230
????????,????????????,????????????????????2
5???,????????
?????
?????
231
3????(consistency)
??????????????????
232
(?)????
?????????????,???????????????,????????????????????
??
???1-a
??
233
6.6.2 ???????????
???????????
(?)????????????????
???????????????,???????????????,???????????????,??
????????,??? ?????????????????????????
???
234
(No Transcript)
235
?? ?????????????,??????9?,????????21.4??????
??????????0.15??,??95?????,????????????????
236
?? ?????????????100?,????????????????26?????
95???????????????????????????(???????36)?
237
???????????36???????????,????????????
23 35 39 27 36 44
36 42 46 43 31 33
42 53 45 54 47 24
34 28 39 36 44 40
39 49 38 34 48 50
34 39 45 48 45 32
?????????90?????
238
(?)????????????????
??????????,?????????,???????????????????,????????,
??????????,?????????????????,????????,???????????,
??????????????,?????????????????????????(n-1)?t???
239
(No Transcript)
240
????????????????,???????????16?,???????
1510 1450 1480 1460 1520 1480 1490 1460
1480 1510 1530 1470 1500 1520 1510 1470
???????????95??????
241
??????????
?????? n30
?
?
????? ?????
s?????
?
?
?
?
s?????
?
?
??????s ??d
??????s ??d
????? ???n30 ?????? ??
242
???????????
243
?????a?,P?1- a??????????
244
??????????????????,???????????????200???????
?????????,?140????????????????????????????????????
??????????95??????
245
???????????
?????a?,s2 ?????
246
??????10????????????????????????????????4,?
?s2 ?95?????
0.025
0.025
0
2.7044
19.0228
????9??2??
247
?????????
????(permissible)
???????????????????????????????,?????180000
0??????95,???????????????500?????,??????????????
?????????????????,????????
??????????????????????????????????? P
????????0.05,??????? 95,??????????
????????0.50.50.25
248
????
?????(sampling without replacement)??????????,????
???,??????? ?????(sampling with
replacement)???????????,???????????????????????,??
?????????? ????(sampling distribution)????????????
????? ???(point estimate)????????????????????????
????(point estimator)??????????????? ????(standard
error)???????? ??????(central limit
theorem)?????????,???????????????????????? ????(in
terval estimate)????????????,????????????? ????(sa
mple error)?????(?????)????????(?????)?????? ????(
confidence level)???????????? ????(margin
error)??????????????????? t??(t distribution)
???????,????????????????,????????????,????????????
?????? ???(degrees of freedom)t
?????,???????????????t ???????n-1,??n?????????????

249
?7? ?????????
  • ??????
  • 1???????? t ??(One-Sample T Test)
  • 2???????????? t ??(Independent-Sample T Test)
  • 3????????????? t ??(Paired-Sample T Test)
  • 4????????(One-Way ANOVA)
  • 5????????(General Linear Model?Univariate)?
  • ??????????????????????????
  • ?Analyze???,???????????Compare Means,?General
    Linear Model???

250
7.1?????????
  • ???????????
  • ????????????????????????????????????????????
  • ???????,???????????????????????????,??????????????
    ,????????????????????A?????????????????????????A?
    ????,????????????????,???????

251
  • ?????????

?? ???
??? ????
?? ?? ???
??????
?? ???
??? ????
252
??????????????????????????,????????(hypothesis
testing)?
????????????,?????????????????????????250?,????
3????????????100?????,???????251????????????????
250
?????????250,???3?????
??????????250,???0.3?????
253
0.9545
250.6
249.4
251
250
?????????250,???0.3?????
254
0
2.00
-2.00
3.33
?????????250,???0.3?????
255
???
???
???
Z???
?????
0
???
???
???????????????????????????,??????,?????????,???
?????????????????????????
256
????????
????????,1989???????????3190??,??1990??????????10
0?,????????3210??,?1990??????1989???,?????????
???(null hypothesis)???????,?
????????,??????????????????????,??????????(alterna
tive hypothesis)?????????
257
  • ??????
  • H0???,H1????
  • ???????????????????,???????????????

258
????????????,?????????????????????????250?,????3??
??????????100?????,???????251????????????????
259
?????????? p-????
  • p-???????,??????????H0????????????????,?p-???????
    ?????????????????

260
  • ??
  • ??????????????3????,???36???????????????,??????2.9
    2??,????????0.18?,??????a0.01????????????????????

261
  • ????
  • (1)???H0µ3,????H1µlt3
  • (2)??????

?????
262
  • (3)z-2.67????p??0.0038

(4)0.0038lt0.010,????H0?
263
???????????
  • ?????H0,??????
  • I???????,??????a( aerror)
  • II???????,??????ß( ß error)

264
7.2 ???????????
  • ?????????????
  • ????????H0?????H1??????????????????????
  • ???????

265
  • ?????????????

z ??
t ??
?? ???
F??
266
  • ?????????a??,??????????????????
  • ???????????

267
7.2.1???????????
  • ?????????????,?????????????Z???,t???,
    ????Z????t??????????????, ???????????

???????????????????,?????????????????,???????
268
(?)?????????
?? ?? ? ? ??? µµ0 ??? ?????? ? ? ? ? ???
?? ?? ? ? ??? µµ0 ??? ?????? ???
s2 ??
s2 ??
s2 ??
s2 ??
s2 ??
s2 ??
269
(?)???
?????
??
??
Z???
????
?
?
Z???
t???
270
?????????
?? ????????,??????,???????????????????,??????0.0
81mm,??????0.025mm?????????????,?200???????,??????
??0.076mm???????????????????????????(a0.05)
271
???
???
???
272
?? ??????????????,??????,?????????????1000??????
???????????,????20????????????100???,?????960??,??
????????????
273
??
274
??
275
????????????????????????1200??,????300????
??????????????????????????????,????100????,???????
??1245????????????????????????
276
??
277
??
???
???
278
???????????????5cm,????????????,????10?????
?,???????5.3cm,????0.3cm,??0.01??????????????????
279
???????????,?????????????????????????????40
000km,????120??????????????,????????????41000km?50
00km??????????????????????????????????????????????
????
280
?????????
?? ????????????????????20???,??????????,??????
????????,????,??400???????????,300????,100????????
??????????????????(a0.05)?
281
???
???
282
7.2.2 ?????????
  • ???????????????

283
???(n130?n230)???, ????????,?
s1 ?s2??
??s1--??1???? s2--??2????
n1--????1????????????
n2--????2????????????
284
???(n130?n230)???, ????????,?
s1 ?s2??
??s1--????1??????
s2--????2??????
n1--????1????????????
n2--????2????????????
285
??????,??????n1n2-2?t??,?
s1 ?s2??, ???s1 s2
??s1--????1??????
s2--????2??????
n1--????1????????????
n2--????2????????????
286
???????????????????????????????????,???????
??????????????8kg,??????????10kg??????????????????
??,????????n132,n240,?? 50kg,
44kg??????????????????????????(a0.05)?
287
???????????????????????????????????10??????
????????,???????26.1??,??????12??????8???????????,
???????17.6??,????10.5????????????????????????,?s1
s2,???????????????????????
288
?????????????????????????????,?????????????
?????
??????????????
2????????????????????,??????????,???????,????????
???????????????,?????1?,??????2??
1????????????????????,??????????1??????????????,
??????????2?????????????????????????
289
??????
???????,??????????????????(?????????),?????
??????????????????????????????????????????????????
?????
?? ??1?????(??) ??2?????(??) ???????(di)
1 2 3 4 5 6 6.0 5.0 7.0 6.2 6.0 6.4 5.4 5.2 6.5 5.9 6.0 5.8 0.6 -0.2 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.6
??(di)???????????
????(di)??????,??????
?a0.05,????n-15?t??(t0.0252.571),????????????t
lt-2.571?tgt2.571,???H0?
?????????
???????????????H0?
290
?????????????
??????,p1-p2????????,?
p1-p2????
291
????????????????????????,??????????60?,18?
????????????40?,14???????????????????????????????
????????(a0.05)?
292
7.3 .1????? t ?? (One-Sample T Test)??
  • ????? t ???????????? t ????,??????????????????????
    ?????????????????????????,???????????????????
  • ?1??2002????????????,????????????????????10000?,?
    ?????????????
  • ??????
  • H0???????10000?
  • H1???????????10000?
  • ?????????????

293
1???Analyze ?Compare Means ?One-Sample T
Test,??One-Sample T Test ????,?????
2???????????????(????)??????? 3??Test
Value???????????10000?
294
4???Options??,??Options???,????????(????95)??????
??????????????????
  • 5???OK,???????????

????????(1)???????????????????????????????????????
?(2)??????????????????t??4.121,????30,?????P?(sig)
??0.05,???????,??????????H0,????H1????????????????
10000?????????
295
?? ?????1215????????160.0???????
,??????????????????? ,??????? ???0.05?????????????
296
?????????????
?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ??
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 156.0 155.0 144.6 161.5 161.3 158.0 161.0 162.0 164.3 144.0 157.9 176.1 168.0 164.5 153.0 47.5 37.8 38.6 41.6 43.3 47.3 47.1 47.0 33.8 33.8 49.2 54.5 50.0 44.0 58.0 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 14 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 164.7 160.5 147.0 153.2 157.9 166.0 169.0 170.0 165.1 172.0 159.4 161.3 158.0 158.6 169.0 44.1 53.0 36.4 30.1 40.4 57.0 58.5 51.0 58.0 55.0 44.7 45.4 44.3 42.8 51.1
297
7.3.2 ????? t ??
  • 7.2.1 ???????t??(Independent-samples T Test)
  • Independent-sample T Test?????????????????????????
    ?,??????????????????
  • ?2.??????????????????????????????,???10???????7???
    ???,?????????????????,???????,?????,??????????,???
    ???????????????????????????????

298
  • ???????????????????,?????????????????????????????
  • ??,????
  • H0????????????????????
  • H1????????????????????
  • ??????
  • 1???Analyze ?Compare Means ?Independent-sample T
    Test,??Independent-sample T Test ???????
  • 2????????????????????

299
  • 3???????????????,????Define Group??,???????????,
    ????????????,??????,????Cut point???,?????????????
    ???????

4??Option???????????????????? 5???OK???????
300
  • ??????????????????????,???????????????????????????
    ????????????????????????P???,????????0.05,????????
    ????????????,???????H0????????????????????????????
    ??

301
?????????????
?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ??
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 156.0 155.0 144.6 161.5 161.3 158.0 161.0 162.0 164.3 144.0 157.9 176.1 168.0 164.5 153.0 47.5 37.8 38.6 41.6 43.3 47.3 47.1 47.0 33.8 33.8 49.2 54.5 50.0 44.0 58.0 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 14 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 164.7 160.5 147.0 153.2 157.9 166.0 169.0 170.0 165.1 172.0 159.4 161.3 158.0 158.6 169.0 44.1 53.0 36.4 30.1 40.4 57.0 58.5 51.0 58.0 55.0 44.7 45.4 44.3 42.8 51.1
??0.10??????,????????????????
302
7.3.3 ????????????? (Paired-Sample T Test)
  • Paired-Sample T Test??????????????????????????????
    ?? t ???
  • ?3?????????????????????,??????????,???????????30?
    ,?????????????500?????????????,???????????????????
    ????????????????????,??????????????

303
  • ???????????????????????????
  • H0?????????????????
  • H1????????????????
  • ????????,????????,????????????????????????????????
    ??????????????????
  • 1???Analyze ?Compare Means ? Paired-Sample T
    Test,??Paired-Sample T Test??????

304
  • 2????????????????,??,???????????????,????????????
  • 3??Option??????????95??????????
  • 4???OK??????
  • 5????????????????

????????,?????P???0.05,?????????????????,?????H0,?
???H1,????????????
305
???????????????????????,?????7
?????????????????????????????????
?? ????1 ????2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 65 73 73 30 73 56 73 34 36 37 26 43 37 60
306
7.4 ????
307
7.4.1 ?????????
????????? 1?????????????????????????????
308
?????????
????????????????????????????????????????????
?????????????,?5??????????????????????????????????
?????????????????
?????????????
?? ?? ?? ?? ??
1 2 3 4 5 27.9 25.1 28.5 24.2 26.5 26.5 28.7 25.1 29.1 27.2 31.2 28.3 30.8 27.9 29.6 30.8 29.6 32.4 31.7 32.8
???? ???? 26.44 3.298 27.32 2.672 29.56 2.143 31.46 1.658
??? 28.695 28.695 28.695 28.695
???????
?????????
?????????????????????????
309
?????????
?????????
1.?????,?????????? 2.?????,????????? 3.???????
????????????????????????????????????????????????
????????
310
?????????
????
??????,??????????????
??????,??????????????
311
?????????
(?)??????? 1????????(?????) 2?????(?????)? (?)???
????? 1????????(????)???????????????? 2????????(
????)????????? (?)?????????? ???????????,??????
??????????????????,???????????????,????????????1?
?,?????????????????????,?????????????1,???????????
(??????????)??????????????????
312
??????? 1??????????

???????????
2??????? ?????????????
Distribution)?
??????,??
??(
313
7.4.2???????
??? ??(i) ??(i) ??(i) ??(i)
(j) A1 A2 Ak
1 x11 x21 xk1
2 x12 x22 xk2

n x1n x2n xkn
314
????????????
(?)???????????
315
(No Transcript)
316
(No Transcript)
317
(No Transcript)
318
(No Transcript)
319
(No Transcript)
320
(No Transcript)
321
(No Transcript)
322
?????????
323
7.4.3 ???????
?????????????
????????????????,?????????????????????,??????????
?????????????????????????????????
?????????????????
324
???????????????
(?)????
325
(No Transcript)
326
(?)????
327
???????
????????????????????????????????,??????
328
7.4.1 ???????-spss
  • ??????????????????????????????????????????(????)??
    ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
  • ??????????????????(????????)?,?????????????????

?4,?????????,??????????????????????? ,????????????
????,?????????6???????? ?,????????????????????????
?,???????? ????????????????
??????? H0?????????????? H1???????????????
????????
329
  • 1???Analyze ? Compare Means ? One-Way ANOVA,??
    One-Way ANOVA????
  • 2????????????????Dependent list??,??????????Fa
    ctor?????OK????????????

??F?????P??????????0.05,?????H0,??????????????????
?????????????????????????,??????Option??,contrast
????,Post Hoc????????
330
  • 3???Option??,??Option????????Option??????????????
    ????????????,???????????????

?????Homogeneity of variance test
????????????????Descriptive ????????Missing
Value??????????
331
  • ?????????????,????OK,???????????????? ?

4?Contrasts??????????????????????,????????????????
??????????????????
??Contrasts??,??One-Way ANOVAContrasts???,?? ?
332
?????????????????,??Polynomial??????,?????Degree??
?,?Degree??????????????,???????5
??????????????????????????F??F??????? ?Contrast?,?
??????????????? ?Coefficients ????????,??Add??,???
???Coefficients ???????,??????????????????????0??
??????????????????????
333
  • 5?????????????,????Post Hoc ??,??????????
  • ??????????????????,????????????,?????????????????
  • ??????Significance level???????,????0.05,?????????
    ??????
  • ???????????????,??LSD(least-significant
    difference????????),??? t ???????????????
  • ?????????,????Tamhane?s T2, ?t???????????????

334
  • ??????,??2???3???????????,?????????????0.005,?????
    ????0.05?

335
???????
?????????????
???12
?? ?? ?? ?? ??
1 2 3 4 5 27.9 25.1 28.5 24.2 26.5 26.5 28.7 25.1 29.1 27.2 31.2 28.3 30.8 27.9 29.6 30.8 29.6 32.4 31.7 32.8
336
???????
???????????????
337
???????????????????????
?? ??
????
338
???????
F???10.544?P? 0.000 lt0.05???????,??????,???
???????????????
339
???????????????????
340
????????
341
(No Transcript)
342
????????????????????????????,???????????????
?
343
??????????????
????????????
?????????????
????????????????????
????????????
344
???????
?????0.255??P?0.856 gt 0.05?????4??????????
?????,???????????????????
345
???????
?????????????????????
346
7.4 ?????(Univariate)????
  • ???????????????????(???)???????????????,??????????
    ????????????
  • ??????????????????????????,??????????????????????
    ???,?????????????????????????????,????????????????
  • ???????????????????????????????????????????????
    ??????????????????

?5??????S??????????????????????????,?????????????
????????????
347
??????????????????,???????????????
  • 1???Analyze ?General linear Model
    ?Univariate,??Univariate?????

2??????????????Dependent Variable
??,?????????????Fixed Factor??? 3???Model?????
???,??Model?????????Specify??,???????
348
  • Custom????????,?????????????????
  • ??????????????Model??,???????????????????,?????Mai
    n,???????,??????Interaction???????Build
    Term????????,????????????Sum of Square
    ???????????????????????????Type????OK?????????????
    ??? ?

349
  • ?????????,F?????P?????????0.05,???????????????????
    ??
  • 4???????????????????,???Contrast????,??Contrast???
    ????Factor???????????????????,??????????????,?????
    ???,????????????

350
  • 5???????????,???Plots??,????????????????????(Profi
    le)????
  • (1)?Factor?????????????Horizontal
    Axis??,????add??,?????????????????????
  • (2)????????????????,?????????????,??????????Separa
    te Lines????,????add????????????????????????????A?
    ????

351
  • 6???????A????????????,??Post Hoc??,??Post Hoc
    Multiple?????????????Factor??????????Post Hoc
    Test for??,????????????????????,??LSD???

7???Save ??,???????,???????????????
352
  • 8???Options??,??UnivariateOptions???,????????????
    ??,????0.05? ?????????,??OK,???????????????LSD????
    ????????????

353
  • ???????????????????,??????????????????

354
?8? ???????????????
  • ????????????????????????,?????????????????????????
    ???????????????,???????????????,?????????
  • ??????
  • ??????????????(Correlate)???????????(Bivariate)???
    ???(Partial)?
  • ???????????????(Regression),??????????(Linear)????
    ?(Curve Estimation)?
  • ?????????????????????????

355
8.1 ????
  • ?SPSS?,????Analyze????????(Correlate),Correlate???
    ????

356
  • 8.1.1 ??????
  • ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ???,??????????????????????
  • 8.1.1.1 ???
  • SPSS??????????Graphs???????????????????

?1???????X?????????????,Y?????????????(???????20
03?????),???????????????????
??Graphs ? Scatter,??Scatter plot??????,??3.2?????
????????,?????????? Simple ????? Matrix
????? Overlay ????? 3-D ?????
357
  • ?????????,?????????Simple,????Define,??Simple
    Scatterplot???,?????

358
8.1.1.2 ????????
  • ???????????????????,??????????????????????????????
    ,????????????????????????,??????
  • 1???????,??Analyze ? Correlate? Bivariate
    ??Bivariate???,?????

359
  • 2?????????????????????? Variables ??,?Correlation
    Coefficients ???????????,?Pearson????,Kendall's???
    ???Spearman??????????????????,?????????????
  • 3???Options??,?????????????????????????????

360
  • 4???OK,????????????

361
8.1.2 ?????
  • ??????????????????,????????????????,??????????????
    ?????????????????,??????????????,?????????????????
    ?????????,???????

?2??????????????,????????????????????????????,???
????????????????????.
362
  • ????????????,????????????????????????
  • 1?????????,??Analyze ? Correlate?
    Partial,??Partial Correlations???,?????
  • 2??????????????????Variables??,?????????????????Co
    ntrolling for ??,???????????????????????Variables?
    ?,??????(????)??Controlling for ???

363
  • 3???Options??,??Options ????????? Statistics
    ???????,????????,Zero-order correlations
    ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ?
  • 4??????,??OK?????

364
  • ??????????????,??????????????????,????????????????
    ?0.8260,????13,???P??0.000???????0.6046,????10,??
    ?P??0.037,?????????????????????

365
8.2 ??????
  • ?????????????????????????????????????,????????????
    ?????,???????????????? (???)?????(???)????????????
    ??????????????,????????????????????????SPSS???????
    ???????,???????,?????????????????????,????????????
    ??

366
  • 8.2.1 ??????????????????
  • 1??????????
  • (1)???????????????????
  • (2)??????????????????
  • (3)?????, ????????????
  • (4)????????,??????????,Cov(?i,?j) 0

367
  • 2????????????
  • (1)???????(t??)?
  • (2)???????(F??)?
  • (3)??????(????R2)?
  • (4)D.W??(????????)?
  • (5)?????(??????)?
  • (6)??????(??????????????)?

368
8.2.2 ??????????? SPSS????????????????Analyze?Reg
ression?Linear?
369
?3. ????2???,????????????????????,????????????????
????????????????????????,????????,????????????
  • ??????????????????
  • 1???????,??Analyze ? Regression ? Linear??Linear
    ????????
  • 2???????????Y??Dependent ??,????????????Independen
    t????Method ????????????????,??????(Enter),???(Rem
    ove),?????(Forward),?????(Backward)??????(Stepwise
    )?????????????(Stepwise)?

370
  • 3???Statistics,??Linear Regression
    Statistics???,???????????????

Regression Coefficients?,???????? Estimates
(????) ??????????????????,??????????????????????
???(t?)????????????P?(sig)?????????? Confidence
intervals?????????????95?????? Covariance
matrix ???????? ?????????????????
371
  • Model fit??????????????R?R2?R2???,???????,??????
  • R squared change ??????????,R2????
  • Descriptives ???????
  • Part and Partial correlations???????????
  • Collinearity diagnostics????????????????,????????
    ?????????????????????????,??????
  • ??????????????
  • Residuals ???
  • Durbin-WatsonD.W??.
  • Casewise diagnostics ?????,?????
  • Outliers outside( )standard deviations?????,??
    ????3?
  • All case ????????????
  • ?????D.W????????,??????2,??????95?

372
4?????????,???Plots??,??Linear RegressionPlots???
??????????????????????
??????????,??Dependent ??X(?Y)????,????????Y(?X)??
??,?????,??????????ZPRED??????,ZRESID?????,DRES
ID????,ADJPRED??????,SRESID?????,SDRESID???????
?
373
Standardized Residual Plots?,????????,???? Histog
ram ???????? Normal probability plot
???????????????. Produce all partial plots
????????????????? ????????Dependent??????ZRESID???
??
  • 5???Options??,??Linear RegressionOptions???,?????
    ??????????????Stepping Method Criteria ??????????

Stepping Method Criteria ?,????????????????? Use
probability of F??F??????????? Use F value
??F???????? Include constant in equation
??????????? Missing Values ????????????????????
374
6????????????,???Save????Linear
RegressionSave???????????????????????????????????
???,?????????????? 7?????????,??OK????????????????
?
?????????????????R,??????R2,???????
,?????,????????????F????,D.W????????????3?????????
0.993,??????????, DW??2.066,????DW??,?????????????
?
375
??1????????????????,??2????????????????????,??3???
?????????????????????????????????????????
376
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377
  • ?????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ???????????????

??????????????,????????,??????????????????20,?????
??????????????
378
  • ??????????,??????,???????????????????????????????(
    ????12?14)???2?

379
  • ???????,????????????,???????,???????????
  • ????????

380
8.3 ????
  • ????????????????????????????????????,??????????,??
    ?????????????????????,?????????????????????,??????
    ?????????SPSS??????????

381
???? ???? ?????????
Linear????
Quadratic?????
Compound????
Growth????
Logarithmic????
Cubic?????
S S??
Exponential????
Inverse???
Power???
Logistic????
382
  • ?4????????1990??2002?????????????????,???????????
    ???,???????????,?????????????

383
  • ???
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