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Comparing policing in the UK and USA

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Comparing policing in the UK and USA Sgt. Richard Heslop Sgt. Laura Heslop West Yorkshire Police, England Themes UK policing (structure / principles / practices) West ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Comparing policing in the UK and USA


1
  • Comparing policing in the UK and USA
  • Sgt. Richard Heslop
  • Sgt. Laura Heslop
  • West Yorkshire Police, England

2
Themes
  • UK policing (structure / principles / practices)
  • West Yorkshire Police
  • Current developments in UK policing
  • Similarities and differences (UK and USA)
  • Information sharing (during and post visit)

3
(No Transcript)
4
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland
5
United Kingdom of Great Britain
England and Wales and Northern Ireland
(43 police forces)


Single police force NI and Scotland
6
Structure of UK Policing
  • Single police force in both Northern Ireland and
    Scotland
  • 43 Territorial police forces in England and Wales
  • Small number of specialist and national policing
    agencies
  • 20 reduction in budgets

7
UK Policing
  • Police officers 134,100 26 women
  • Constable 106,780 29
  • Sergeant 22,359 18
  • Inspector 6,833 17
  • Chief Inspector 1,949 15
  • Superintendant 997 15
  • Chief Supt 445 11
  • ACPO 223 17
  • Chief Constable 43 14

8
Key principles and practices
  • Neighbourhood ( or community) policing
  • Partnership working (Crime and Disorder Act 1998)
  • Extended policing family
  • Intelligence led policing (NIM)
  • Problem solving

9
West Yorkshire Police
10
Bradford riots 2001 and (Operation
Wheel)
11
West Yorkshire Police
  • 4th largest police force
  • 5700 sworn officers
  • 4300 civilian staff
  • 8 territorial policing divisions (districts)
  • Response (patrol) and Neighbourhood Policing and
    CID
  • Calls for service

12
WYP Specialist Departments
  • HMET (homicide and major enquiries)
  • Centralised Operational Support (includes
    training and communications)
  • Integrated Offender Management (IOM)
  • Counter Terrorism Unit

13
Equipment
14
Developments in England and Wales
  • Elected Police and Crime Commissioners
  • Police Reform
  • Direct entry
  • Pre-employment training / education
  • Professionalization
  • Privatization
  • The call to routinely arm the police

15
Fiona Bone and Nicola Hughes, unarmed police
officers killed in Manchester England (17 Sept
2012)
16
Firearms
  • 5 authorised firearms officers
  • Approx 7000 firearms offences
  • 349 serious injury
  • 39 fatal (648 total homicides)
  • Trend is downwards - 13 lower than previous 12
    months
  • 3 incidents

17
Firearms continued
  • Since 1945 256 police officers shot and killed
    and 21 stabbed to death.
  • None of these happened in Wales.
  • 4 shot and 2 stabbed in Scotland.
  • 51 shot and 19 stabbed in England.
  • 201 shot in Northern Ireland.

18
  • Questions / discussion
  • Email r.heslop_at_tiscali.co.uk

19
Gun ownership and violence in U.S.A
  • In 2004 36.5 of Americans reported having a gun
    in their home
  • Majority of gun-related deaths suicides (17,352
    in 2007)
  • In 2009 15,241 homicides in US
  • 9,146 deaths were by firearms
  • Homicides per capita are 48 times greater than in
    the UK

20


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