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Risk Management Department


Risk Management Department Hazard Communication April, 2008 Hazard Communication Right To Know There was a time when employees had no right to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Risk Management Department

Risk Management Department
  • Hazard Communication
  • April, 2008

Hazard Communication
  • Right To Know
  • There was a time when employees had no right to
    information about the hazardous substances they
    used at work. They demanded a "Right-to-Know," or
    the right to have access to such information. 

Hazard Communication
  • Hazard Communication Standard
  • As a result, OSHA implemented the Hazard
    Communication Standard, otherwise known as the
    Right to Know Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200), which
    requires employers to evaluate the hazards of
    chemicals in the workplace and communicate
    information concerning hazards and appropriate
    protective measures to employees.

Hazard Communication

Goals of Right to Know 1. To help you reduce
the risks involved in working with hazardous
materials 2. To transmit vital information to
employees about real and potential hazards of
substances in the work place 3. To reduce the
incidence and cost of illness and injury
resulting from hazardous substances 4. To
encourage a reduction in the quantity and
toxicity of hazardous substances
Hazard Communication
  • APS Hazard Communication Program
  • Written Plan
  • Inventories
  • Material Safety Data Sheets
  • Labeling
  • Storage
  • Placarding
  • Protection from Chemical Hazards
  • Hazardous Waste
  • Hazardous Chemical Spills Emergencies
  • Medical Consultation and Evaluation
  • Employee Training

Hazard Communication
  • 1. Written Plan
  • To protect employees and students and to comply
    applicable State and Federal laws and standards
    dealing with chemical use and disposal APS has
    developed the written Chemical Management
    Program. This program serves as the districts
    written processes and procedures for the use,
    storage and disposal of chemicals in the school
  • It is available on-line from the Risk
  • Management website.

Hazard Communication
  • 2. Chemical Inventories
  • All sites are required to keep and maintain a
    written inventory of hazardous chemicals present
    and used on-site
  • Inventories may be compiled for the entire site
    or for individual work areas
  • The site administrator shall be responsible for
    maintaining the inventory and shall designate a
    location or locations where inventory information
    is available to employees in the event of an

Hazard Communication
  • 3. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
  • The Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is a
    detailed information bulletin prepared by the
    manufacturer or importer of a chemical that
    describes the physical and chemical properties,
    physical and health hazards, routes of exposure,
    precautions for safe handling and use, emergency
    and first-aid procedures, and control measures.
  • Information on an MSDS aids in the selection of
    safe products and helps prepare employers and
    employees to respond effectively to daily
    exposure situations as well as to
  • emergency situations.

Hazard Communication
  • Material Safety Data Sheets must be in English
    and must include the following information
  • Chemical Identity
  • Hazardous Ingredients
  • Physical Chemical Characteristics
  • Fire and Explosion Hazard Data
  • Reactivity (Instability) Data
  • Health Hazards

Hazard Communication
  • Section I. Chemical Identity
  • The chemical and common name(s) must be provided
    for single chemical substances.
  • An identity on the MSDS must be cross-referenced
    to the identity found on the label.

Hazard Communication
  • Section II. Hazardous Ingredients
  • The chemical and common names of the ingredients
    that are associated with the hazards, and the
    common name of the mixture must be listed.
  • If the chemical is a mixture that has not been
    tested as a whole the chemical and common names
    of all ingredients determined to be health
    hazards and comprising 1 percent or greater of
    the composition must be listed.

Hazard Communication
  • Section II. Hazardous Ingredients (contd)
  • Chemical and common names of carcinogens must be
    listed if they are present in the mixture at
    levels of 0.1 percent or greater.
  • All components of a mixture that have been
    determined to present a physical hazard must be

Hazard Communication
  • Section III. Physical and Chemical
  • The physical and chemical characteristics of the
    hazardous substance must be listed.
  • These include items such as boiling and freezing
    points, density, vapor pressure, specific
    gravity, solubility, volatility, and the
    product's general appearance and odor.
  • These characteristics provide important
    information for designing safe and healthful work

Hazard Communication
  • Section IV. Fire and Explosion Hazard Data
  • The compound's potential for fire an explosion
    must be described.
  • Also, the fire hazards of the chemical and the
    conditions under which it could ignite or explode
    must be identified.
  • Recommended extinguishing agents and
  • fire-fighting methods must be described.

Hazard Communication
  • Section V. Reactivity (Instability) Data
  • This section presents information about other
    chemicals and substances with which it reacts.
  • Information on any hazardous decomposition
    products, such as carbon monoxide, must be

Hazard Communication
  • Section VI. Health Hazards
  • The acute and chronic health hazards of the
    chemical, together with signs and symptoms of
    exposure, must be listed.
  • In addition, any medical conditions that are
    aggravated by exposure to the compound, must be
  • The specific types of chemical health hazards
    defined in the standard include carcinogens,
    corrosives, toxins, irritants, sensitizers,
    mutagens, teratogens, and effects on target
    organs (i.e., liver, kidney, nervous system,
    blood, lungs, mucous membranes, reproductive
    system, skin, eyes, etc.).

Hazard Communication
  • Section VI. Health Hazards (contd)
  • The route of entry section describes the primary
    pathway by which the chemical enters the body.
    There are three principal routes of entry
    inhalation, skin, and ingestion.
  • If the compound is listed as a carcinogen
    (cancer-causing agent) this information must be
    indicated on the MSDS .

Hazard Communication
  • Section VII. Precautions for Safe Handling and
  • The standard requires the preparer to describe
    the precautions for safe handling and use.
  • These include recommended industrial hygiene
    practices, precautions to be taken during repair
    and maintenance of equipment, and procedures for
    cleaning up spills and leaks.
  • Some manufacturers also use this section to
    include useful information not specifically
    required by the standard, such as EPA waste
    disposal methods and state and local requirements.

Hazard Communication
  • Section VIII. Control Measures
  • The standard requires the preparer of the MSDS to
    list any generally applicable control measures.
  • These include engineering controls, safe handling
    procedures, and personal protective equipment.
    Information is often included on the use of
    goggles, gloves, body suits, respirators, and
    face shields.

Hazard Communication
  • 4. Labeling
  • Containers of hazardous materials or chemicals
    must be marked with the following information
  • Identity of the hazardous chemical(s) contained
  • Appropriate hazard warnings
  • Identity information and hazard warnings must be
    legible, in English and prominently displayed on
    the container. Other languages may be added as
    long as the information is presented in English

Hazard Communication
  • 4. Labeling
  • Sites shall not remove or deface existing labels
    on incoming containers of hazardous chemicals
  • Labels are not required on portable containers
    into which hazardous chemicals are transferred
    from labeled containers
  • and which are intended only for immediate use

Hazard Communication
  • 5. Storage
  • Procedural Directive Hazardous Materials
    prohibits sites from maintaining hazardous
    chemicals in quantity or toxicity which would
    pose a threat to students.
  • Hazardous materials and chemicals must be kept in
    locked storage cabinets when not in use
  • Flammable chemicals must be stored in
  • locked fire cabinets
  • Users must be aware of incompatible
  • storage combinations and locations

Hazard Communication
  • 6. Placarding
  • APS buildings will have NFPA diamonds located on
    exterior entrance doors. Each color of the
    diamond represents a different hazard.
  • Blue Health Hazard Red Flammability Yellow
    Instability White Special Hazard Information

Hazard Communication
  • 6. Placarding
  • A numerical rating will also be provided in the
    blue, red, and yellow diamonds. This number
    indicates the severity of the hazard, with a 0
    indicating no hazard and 4 indicating the most
    severe hazard.
  • These placards represent the "worst" of what is
    in the building, but they will not provide
    specific chemical names, quantities, or
    locations. They are designed to give emergency
    personnel a general idea of the worst hazards
    present in a building or area.

Hazard Communication
  • 7. Protection from Chemical Hazards
  • Procedural Directive Hazardous Materials states
    Schools should not have chemicals in sufficient
    quantity or toxicity which would endanger

Hazard Communication
  • 7. Protection from Chemical Hazards
  • Employees using chemicals shall take reasonable
    steps to protect themselves, students and other
    employees from forseeable hazards. This
  • The use of appropriate Personal Protective
    Equipment (PPE) as recommended by Material Safety
    Data Sheet (MSDS)
  • Knowledge of emergency and first-aid practices
    required for chemicals as recommended by Material
  • Data Sheet (MSDS) and chemical container label
  • Knowledge of appropriate emergency programs

Hazard Communication
  • 8. Hazardous Waste
  • Sites shall seek to minimize the generation of
    hazardous waste by
  • Purchasing and maintaining smaller quantities of
  • Seeking to transfer unneeded or excess chemical
    stock to other site or facility which may have a
    legitimate use
  • Hazardous wastes can be accumulated
  • onsite for as long as six-months provided
  • on-site accumulation poses no immediate
  • safety hazard

Hazard Communication
  • 8. Hazardous Waste
  • Store hazardous waste in closed containers
    clearly labelled with contents and marked WASTE
  • Do not mix hazardous wastes
  • Document date accumulation of hazardous waste was
    started on container
  • When ready for disposal, contact Risk Management
    Department to arrange for transport

Hazard Communication
  • 9. Hazardous Chemical Spills Emergencies
  • In the event of a chemical spill or emergency,
    the safety of students and staff members shall be
    of paramount importance!
  • In the event of a hazardous chemical spill or
    emergency, employees shall
  • A. Isolate spill area to prevent widening area
    of contamination
  • B. Follow spill recommendations listed in
  • Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
  • C. Evacuate building if spill poses safety
  • hazard to facility

Hazard Communication
  • 9. Hazardous Chemical Spills Emergencies
  • In the event of a chemical spill or emergency,
    the safety of students and staff members shall be
    of paramount importance!
  • In the event of a hazardous chemical spill or
    emergency, employees shall
  • D. Alert emergency services providers
  • police, fire, EMS if necessary
  • E. Provide first-aid to injured as
  • recommended by Material Safety
  • Data Sheet (MSDS)

Hazard Communication
  • 10. Medical Evaluation Consultation
  • Medical evaluation shall be performed for
    employees when
  • a. An employee develops signs or symptoms
    associated with hazardous chemical to which the
    employee may have been exposed in the workplace
  • b. An event takes place in the work area such as
    a spill, leak, explosion or other occurrence
    resulting in the likelihood of a hazardous
  • Employees shall report exposure incidents or
  • symptoms to their supervisor using the Notice
  • of Accident form and the Nurse triage reporting
  • line - see Procedural Directive Reporting On-The
  • -Job Injures

Hazard Communication
  • 11. Employee Information Training
  • Employees shall be provided with effective
    information and training on hazardous chemicals
    in their work area at the time of their initial
    assignment and whenever a new physical or health
    hazard the employees have not previously been
    trained about is introduced into their work area.
  • Information
  • Any operations in their work area where
  • hazardous chemicals are present
  • The location and availability of the written
  • Chemical Management Program including the
  • required lists of hazardous chemicals and
  • Material Safety Data Sheets

Hazard Communication
  • 11. Employee Training Information
  • Training
  • Methods and observations that may be used to
    detect the presence or release of a hazardous
    chemical in the work area
  • The physical and health hazards of the chemicals
    in the work area
  • The measures employees can take to
  • protect themselves including
  • emergency procedures,
  • personal protective equipment and
  • workplace controls
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