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The Roman Empire

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Title: Slide 1 Last modified by: e200700868 Created Date: 9/26/2007 1:16:39 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company: HOME Other titles – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Roman Empire


1
The Roman Empire
2
Effects of the Punic Wars
  • Latifundias
  • ESTATES or RANCHES.
  • Cheap/Free labor Large Profits
  • Left a large amount of unemployed WORKERS.
  • Proletariate
  • Large amount of unemployed WORKERS who moved to
    ROME after becoming HOMELESS from the large
    latifundias.

3
The Republic Collapses
  • Economic Turmoil
  • RICH POOR GAP grew bigger as the Roman REPUBLIC
    grew bigger.
  • Farmers, (former SOLDIERS), lose their LAND to
    large SLAVE OWNING estates (Latifundias)
  • Become HOMELESS

4
The Republic Collapses
  • Homeless form ranks of the URBAN POOR in ROME.
  • ¼ of population of Roman society.

5
The Republic Collapses
  • Military Upheaval
  • Military becomes less DISCIPLINED DISLOYAL.
  • GENERALS more powerful. Recruited SOLDIERS from
    the POOR.
  • POOR showed LOYALTY to their GENERALS not just
    ROME.

6
Gracchi Brothers
  • Tiberius Gaius Gracchus.
  • BROTHERS.
  • Tried to help the URBAN POOR in ROME.
  • Proposed REFORMS
  • Limiting the size of ESTATES.
  • Giving land to the POOR.

7
Tiberius Gracchus
  • The savage beasts have theirdens,but the men
    who bear arms and expose their lives for the
    safety of their country, enjoynothing more in it
    but the air and lightand wander from place to
    place with their wives and children.

8
Gracchus Brothers
  • Made ENEMIES with SENATORS who felt threatened by
    their IDEAS.
  • Fought for equality and reform
  • Death of the brothers
  • Tiberius 133 B.C.
  • Clubbed to death by Senators
  • Gaius 121 B.C.
  • Ordered own servant to stab him to death

9
Marius Sulla
10
Marius
  • 107 B.C.
  • Elected CONSUL.
  • Understands the SENATE gets its power from the
    ARMY.
  • Promises the ARMY that after they serve in his
    army, they can live on the LAND.
  • Gains control of ROME.
  • 88 B.C.
  • EXILED from ROME.

11
Sulla
  • 88 B.C.
  • Elected CONSUL.
  • 85 B.C.
  • CIVIL WAR BEGINS
  • Conflict between groups within the same country.
  • Marius RETURNS to ROME EXILES Sulla!
  • KILLS Sullas supporters.
  • 83 B.C.
  • Sulla RETURNS to ROME EXILES Marius

12
60 B.C. First Triumvirate
Pompey
Caesar
Crassus
13
60 B.C. First Triumvirate
  • 60 B.C. Political Alliance
  • Caesar
  • Military leader.
  • Crassus
  • Wealthy Roman.
  • Pompey
  • Popular General.
  • 59 B.C.
  • Caesar elected Consul.

14
Julius Caesar
  • Caesar
  • Strong and smart military leader.
  • Served only one year as consul.
  • 58 B.C.
  • Governor of Gaul.
  • 58-50 B.C.
  • Led his legions in a fight to conquer Gaul.
  • Won his mens loyalty and devotion.
  • 50 B.C.
  • Pompey ordered Caesar to disband his legions and
    return home.

15
Julius Caesar
  • January 10, 49 B.C.
  • Caesar took his army across the Rubicon River in
    Italy.
  • Pompey and his army fled and were defeated.
  • 46 B.C.
  • Caesar returned Rome as a beloved military
    hero/leader.
  • 44 B.C.
  • Caesar appointed DICTATOR FOR LIFE.

16
Caesar's Reforms
  • Absolute ruler
  • One who has total power.
  • Citizenship.
  • Expanded Senate.
  • Helped the poor.
  • Problems with nobles and senators.

17
Caesar's Assassination
  • Marcus Brutus Et tu Brute?
  • March 15, 44 B.C.
  • Caesar stabbed to death in the Senate Chamber.

18
The Roman Empire Beginning 43 B.C. - Caesars
Supporters Take Control
  • Second Triumvirate
  • Octavian (Caesars grandnephew adopted son),
    Mark Antony, and Lepidus

19
The Roman Empire Beginning Alliance Crumbles
  • Octavian forced Lepidus to retire
  • Octavian Mark Antony became rivals
  • Antony met Cleopatra in Egypt while leading
    troops against Romes enemies in Anatolia
  • They fell in love

20
The Roman Empire Beginning Alliance Crumbles
  • Octavian accuses Antony of trying to rule Rome
    from Egypt civil war erupted
  • Antony Cleopatra combine forces to fight
    Octavian

21
The Roman Empire Beginning 31 B.C. Battle of
Actium
32e - identify the ideas and impact of important
individuals to include Augustus Caesar
  • Naval battle
  • Octavian defeats Antony Cleopatra
  • Later, Antony Cleopatra commit suicide
  • Octavian becomes unchallenged ruler of Rome
  • Octavian accepts title of Augustus exalted
    one
  • Becomes the first emperor of Rome

22
How was the Roman Empire different from the Roman
Republic?
  • Roman Republic
  • Ruled by Senate
  • Consuls
  • Assemblies
  • Roman Empire
  • Ruled by Emperor

23
The Roman Empire Pax Romana (Roman Peace)
  • Rome enjoys 200 years of peace and prosperity
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