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The History of Bangladesh

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The History of Bangladesh ... The first Muslims came to the Bengal area around 13th Century CE seizing control and ... For months following the partition, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The History of Bangladesh


1
The History of Bangladesh
2
  • The history of Bangladesh is often described as a
    history of conflicts, power shifts and disasters.
  • The first Muslims came to the Bengal area around
    13th Century CE seizing control and establishing
    independent rule.
  • During the 15th Century many European traders
    began coming to the region.
  • The Portuguese came first, followed by the Dutch,
    French and then the British.
  • At first the Europeans exerted only economic
    influence over South Asia.
  • However by the late 1750's with the defeat of the
    last Muslim leader of Bengal, the British imposed
    political rule over the region as well.
  • The British controlled the area known as West
    Bengal for nearly two hundred years.

3
  • In 1945, at the close of World War II, the
    British were strongly pressured to reduce the
    size of their empire.
  • Viceroy Lord Mountbattan was assigned the task of
    restoring the subcontinent's sovereignty.
  • He worked closely with Mahatma Gandhi to unite
    the two major religious groups of the area,
    Hindus and Muslims.
  • Despite Gandhi's even-handed approach, Muslims
    were concerned that an independent India would be
    dominated by Hindus.
  • Considering an agreement between the two groups
    to be impossible, Mountbatten decided to
    partition the subcontinent.

4
  • In June 1947 the United Kingdom declared it would
    grant full dominion status to two successor
    states India and Pakistan.
  • India would become the Hindu state and Pakistan,
    the Muslim state.
  • Pakistan would consist of two non-continuous
    areas Punjab in the west and Bengal in the east.
  • For months following the partition, a horrific
    bloody flight took place as Hindus moved out of
    both wings of Pakistan and into India
  • So Muslims moved out of India and into the new
    Muslim states.

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6
  • The two regions, became known as West Pakistan
    (Punjab) and East Pakistan (Bengal).
  • Besides sharing the Muslim faith the two areas
    had little in common.
  • They were separated by nearly 1,600 km of Indian
    land, spoke different languages (Urdu in the
    West, Bangla in the East) and had different
    cultural histories.
  • As the capital city was in West Pakistan, the
    East thought that the country was being unfairly
    ruled.
  • Finally, the government declared that 'Urdu and
    only Urdu' would be the national language of all
    Pakistan. This was a language that virtually no
    one in East Pakistan spoke.

7
  • Through the Language Movement of 1952 to
    recognize Bengali as a state language, people
    wanted, more than ever, independence.
  • In the 1971 national elections a political party
    that supported the separation of West and East
    Pakistan won the majority.
  • The President of Pakistan refused to let that
    party form the government of Pakistan.
  • Riots quickly followed and the independent State
    of Bangladesh was quickly announced. Pakistan, in
    turn, sent troops to suppress the uprising.

8
People protesting against new unfair laws.
9
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10
The memorial built to commemorate the language
martyrs.
11
Every February 21, many people walk barefoot to
the Minar and lay wreaths of flowers to
commemorate the martyrs.
12
  • On the 26th of March 1971 , the 9 month of war
    for Independence began.
  • The Pakistan  Army began  their  genocide  by
    attacking  the innocent  Bengalis of Dhaka city.
    The  Pakistani army  massacred 35,000 Bengali
    citizens.
  • During the nine month struggle which followed an
    estimated 3 million Bengalis died and 10 million
    refuges fled into India.
  • The Indian Army launched  a massive offensive
    against the  Pakistani forces to  support the
    Bangladesh movement .
  • On December 16, 1971, the Pakistan army
    surrendered.

13
Soldiers training for the war
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15
Bangladesh celebrates Independence Day on the
26th March every year
  • When it was all over, Bangladesh had become
    the 139th country in the world.

16
National Flag
  • The national flag of Bangladesh is bottle
    green in colour and rectangular in size. It bears
    a red circle on the background of green. The
    colour in the background represents the greenery
    of Bangladesh while the red circle symbolizes the
    rising sun and the sacrifice of lives in our
    freedom fight. 

At the very outset the flag had a different look.
There was a golden coloured map of Bangladesh at
the centre of the red circle. This was the
original design of the flag of Bangladesh under
which the valiant freedom fighters fought during
the liberation war. 
17
National Anthem
  • My Bengal of gold, I love you  Forever your
    skies, your air set my heart in tune  as if it
    were a flute,  In Spring, Oh mother mine, the
    fragrance from  your mango-groves makes me wild
    with joy-  Ah, what a thrill!  In Autumn, Oh
    mother mine,  in the full-blossomed paddy
    fields,  I have seen spread all over - sweet
    smiles!  Ah, what a beauty, what shades, what an
    affection  and what a tenderness!  What a quilt
    have you spread at the feet of  banyan trees and
    along the banks of rivers!  Oh mother mine, words
    from your lips are like  Nectar to my ears!  Ah,
    what a thrill!  If sadness, Oh mother mine, casts
    a gloom on your face,  my eyes are filled with
    tears!

18
40TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION Bangladesh High
Commission
19
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23
Some spare time to kill, so ....
24
Dorset Bengali Associations trip to Bath June
2010
25
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THE END
  • We would like to thank Rajni for helping to
    preparing this wonderful presentation, hopefully
    you are better informed about Bangladeshs
    independence
  • THANK YOU VERY MUCH
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