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Tsunami Program Overview


Tsunami Program Overview Jenifer Rhoades Date: June 16, 2008 Tsunami Warning Program Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program Tsunami Research and Development Global Tsunami ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Tsunami Program Overview

Tsunami Program Overview
  • Jenifer Rhoades
  • Date June 16, 2008

NOAAs Tsunami Program Areas of Focus
  • Tsunami Warning Program
  • Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program
  • Tsunami Research and Development
  • Global Tsunami Warning and Mitigation Network
  • Significant involvement and coordination with
    NOS, NESDIS, OAR, and Federal and State Partners

Tsunami Program 2004 (Pre-Strengthening Effort)
FY08 FY09 Legacy Program (Non-Strengthening)
  FY08 Allocation FY09 Pres Bud
Tsunami Warning System Components    
Tsunami Warning System Operations 2886 2886
Subtotal 2886 2886
Tsunami Hazard Mitigation    
NOAA TsunamiReady Staff Outreach 521 521
International Tsunami Information Center (ITIC) 380 380
Subtotal 901 901
Tsunami Research and Development
NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory - Tsunami Research 850 850
Subtotal 850 850
TOTAL 4637 4637
Note NTHMP funding at 2.3M 1997-2006
Additional 2M Earmark 2003-2005
Tsunami Program 2004 (Pre-Strengthening Effort)
  • Tsunami Warning Program
  • 2 Warning Centers staffed 8hrs/day 5days/wk.
  • 6 experimental Deep-ocean Assessment and
    Reporting of Tsunami stations
  • 0 national water level stations (NWLON)
    configured to support tsunami
  • Insufficient global seismic data and
    communications local Hawaii network limited
  • Regional seismic networks implemented in Alaska
    and west coast through NWS and NTHMP
  • Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program
  • 11 TsunamiReady communities recognized
  • 5 member states in the National Tsunami Hazard
    Mitigation Program
  • 3 Gb quality controlled data archived for tsunami
    observations and events
  • 2 inundation forecast models completed
  • Coastal tsunami forecast methodology implemented
    at TWCs
  • Tsunami Research and Development
  • Transitioned DART technology from PMEL to NDBC in
    2001 operational in 2003
  • PMEL and NDBC awarded DOC Gold Medal in 2004 for
    successful transition
  • No national research plan
  • Global Tsunami Warning and Mitigation Network
  • No functional international coordination outside
  • International Tsunami System and Information
    Center for Pacific only

Administration Commitment to Strengthen The
Nations Tsunami Warning Program
  • In the aftermath of the 2004 Tsunami, the
    Administration made a commitment to strengthen
    the Tsunami Program
  • FY 2005 Tsunami Supplemental Funding
    17.2M ( USGS 13M)
  • FY 2006 NOAA Appropriation
  • FY 2007 NOAA Appropriation
  • FY 2008 NOAA Appropriation
  • FY 2009 PB 23.2M
  • PRIMARY FOCUS Accelerate and Expand the
    Nations Tsunami Detection and Warning
  • Additional Administration Response
  • Defense Relief 250M
  • State (USAID) Reconstruction 660M
  • (16M for IO tsunami warning system)
  • NSF Research surveys 1M

Todays Tsunami Program Strengthened Warning and
Mitigation System NOAA Major Project Completion
Date 3-31-08
  • Tsunami Warning Program
  • 2 Warning Centers staffed and operating 24x7, 365
  • TWC AORs expanded to all Indian Ocean and
    Caribbean nations as well as all US and Canada
  • Notification provided to all UNESCO/IOC Focal
    Points in Pacific and Indian Oceans and Caribbean
  • 39/39 DART II stations in operational status
  • 8/8 new Hawaii broadband seismic stations
    operational integrated 9 USGS Global Seismic
    Network affiliate stations and Test-ban Treaty
  • 16/16 new 33 upgraded TsunamiReady water-level
    stations (136 NWLON stations configured to
    support tsunami)
  • Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program
  • 57 TsunamiReady Communities recognized
  • 28 member States in the National Tsunami Hazard
    Mitigation Program
  • 3.2 Tb tsunami quality controlled data (event,
    earthquake, volcano, DART, water level, DEMs)
  • 26/26 Site-specific inundation models, digital
    elevation models and bathymetric maps completed
    for Forecast Operations
  • Bathymetric survey of Puerto Rico completed
  • Forecast system Phase 1 implementation tsunami
    at a glance tested
  • SIFT coastal estimate tool resident at TWCs along
    with the TWC coastal forecast system

U.S. Strengthening Project NOAA Project
Accomplishments (cont.)
  • Tsunami Research and Development
  • Developed a National Tsunami Research Plan and a
    NOAA Research Plan that include
  • Improvements and cost reductions of warning
  • Development of next generation forecast models
    that address local tsunami problems
  • Social Science studies (in partnership with NSF)
  • Global Tsunami Warning and Mitigation Network
  • Provided technical assistance and training for
    International TWC development
  • Improved preparedness and developed capacities
  • Provided detection and communication equipment
  • Promoted data-sharing practices and policies
  • Established education/training capability at
    accredited universities

Not required by the U.S. Strengthening Project
Administration Commitment to Strengthen The
Nations Tsunami Warning Program
  • Tsunami Warning and Education Act of 2006
  • NOAA Authorized 135M for Program (FY2008
  • Tsunami Forecast Warning Program including
    integrated observing systems
  • National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program
  • Tsunami Research Program 8
  • Global Tsunami Warning and Mitigation
    Network including International Tsunami
    Information Center (ITIC), technology transfer
    (WMO, IOC) and contributing to GEOSS
  • Deficit Reduction of 2005 Title III
  • NOAA Authorized 50M for Program (FY2008
  • For Tsunami Warning and Coastal Vulnerability
  • Enhanced Tsunami Warning and Forecast Capability
  • A. Including RD
  • Improved Outreach and Education Effort

Tsunami Warning Program (P.L. 109-424)
  • The Administrator, through the National Weather
    Service and in consultation with other relevant
    Administration offices, shall operate a program
    to provide tsunami detection, forecasting, and
    warnings for the Pacific and Arctic Ocean regions
    and for the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, and
    Gulf of Mexico region.
  • Shall maintain or establish(A) a Pacific Tsunami
    Warning Center in Hawaii (B) a West Coast and
    Alaska Tsunami Warning Center in Alaska and(C)
    any additional forecast and warning centers
    determined by the National Weather Service to be
  • Utilize and maintain an array of robust tsunami
    detection technologies
  • Maintain detection equipment in operational
    condition to fulfill the detection, forecasting,
    and warning requirements of this Act
  • Provide tsunami forecasting capability based on
    models and measurements, including tsunami
    inundation models and maps for use in increasing
    the preparedness of communities, including
    through the TsunamiReady program
  • Maintain data quality and management systems to
    support the requirements of the program
  • Ensure that maintaining operational tsunami
    detection equipment is the highest priority
    within the program carried out under this Act.

Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program (P.L. 109-424)
  • The Administrator, through the National Weather
    Service and in consultation with other relevant
    Administration offices, shall conduct a
    community-based tsunami hazard mitigation program
    to improve tsunami preparedness of at-risk areas
    in the United States and its territories.
  • Shall establish a Coordinating Committee
    comprising representatives of Federal, State,
    local, and tribal government officials. The
    Administrator may establish subcommittees to
    address region-specific issues.
  • PROGRAM COMPONENTS.The program under this
    section shall
  • (1) use inundation models that meet a standard of
    accuracy defined by the Administration to improve
    the quality and extent of inundation mapping,
    including assessment of vulnerable inner coastal
    and nearshore areas, in a coordinated and
    standardized fashion to maximize resources and
    the utility of data collected
  • (2) promote and improve community outreach and
    education networks and programs to ensure
    community readiness, including the development of
    comprehensive coastal risk and vulnerability
    assessment training and decision support tools,
    implementation of technical training and public
    education programs, and providing for
    certification of prepared communities
  • (3) integrate tsunami preparedness and mitigation
    programs into ongoing hazard warning and risk
    management activities, emergency response plans,
    and mitigation programs in affected areas,
    including integrating information to assist in
    tsunami evacuation route planning
  • (4) promote the adoption of tsunami warning and
    mitigation measures by Federal, State, tribal,
    and local governments and nongovernmental
    entities, including educational programs to
    discourage development in high-risk areas
  • (5) periodic review of the program

Tsunami Warning Program (P.L. 109-424)
  • The Administrator shall, in consultation with
    other agencies and academic institutions, and
    with the coordinating committee established under
    section 5(b), establish or maintain a tsunami
    research program to develop detection, forecast,
    communication, and mitigation science and
    technology, including advanced sensing
    techniques, information and communication
    technology, data collection, analysis, and
    assessment for tsunami tracking and numerical
    forecast modeling.
  • Research program shall
  • (1) consider other appropriate research to
    mitigate the
  • impact of tsunami
  • (2) coordinate with the National Weather Service
    on technology
  • to be transferred to operations
  • (3) include social science research to develop
    and assess
  • community warning, education, and evacuation
    materials and
  • (4) ensure that research and findings are
    available to the
  • scientific community.

Tsunami Warning Program (P.L. 109-424)
  • International Tsunami Warning System
  • International Tsunami Information Center
  • Data Sharing Requirement

Administration Commitment to Strengthen The
Nations Tsunami Warning Program
FY 08 09 Funding Summary
Note NOAA meets funding mandates required by the
Tsunami Warning Education Act of 2006
Background Discussion U.S. Tsunami Program
Plan 2008 2013
  • Tsunami Warning Program
  • Sustain 24x7 capability at 2 TWCs
  • Operate maintain existing observational
    networks and integrate other networks
  • DART II, seismic, and TsunamiReady water level
  • Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program
  • Recognize 50 additional TsunamiReadyTM
  • National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program
  • Continue data archive and data quality control
  • Complete 49 site-specific inundation models,
    Digital Elevation Models and bathymetric maps for
    Forecast Operations
  • Move SIFT to operations
  • Integrate TWC Forecast Models with SIFT GUI
  • Tsunami Research and Development
  • Improve accuracy and lead-time of tsunami
  • Implement improvements to tsunami warning,
    education, and mitigation efforts, including
    social science studies
  • Global Tsunami Warning and Mitigation Network
  • Tsunami Watch-Provider for Indian Ocean, Pacific,
    and Caribbean countries
  • Research and development agreements with
    Australia and Indonesia
  • Promote capacity development, technology
    transfer, and data exchange policies

Excludes Spectrum Plan Funding
  • Significant achievements since 2004
  • Coordination and activities on-going to maintain
    and improve TWS
  • Near-Term gains for Warning System, NTHMP and
    Research expected to be achieved through Spectrum
    Sale Funding
  • Implementation of Strategic Plan
  • IT Convergence
  • Coordination with Other Los
  • Execution of Spectrum Funds

Background Slides
Warning Operations and Notification
  • Warning and Information Centers
  • Global area of responsibility serving national
  • Operating 24x7
  • Fast, reliable, and trusted

Global DART II Network A contribution to
GEOSS Detection and Verification Full
Operational Capability March 2008
Forecast System Generation, propagation, and
site-specific decisions Phase 1 West Coast,
Alaska and HI
Total 4 models pre-strengthening 26 new
models completed
Forecast System Generation, propagation, and
site-specific decisions Phase 1, East and Gulf
Coasts, PR and USVI
Total 4 models pre-strengthening 26 new
models completed
Tsunami Forecast Model Development
FY06 / 8 Completed FY06 / 8 Completed FY07 / 9 Completed FY07 / 9 Completed FY08 / 6 Planned FY08 / 6 Planned
Region Population Center Region Population Center Region Population Center
Alaska Seward, AK Alaska Dutch Harbor, AK Alaska King Cove, AK
Alaska Sitka, AK Alaska Homer, AK Pacific Kaiwaihae, HI
Pacific Nawiliwili, HI Alaska Yakutat, AK Western Garibaldi, OR
Pacific Kahului, HI Pacific Haleiwa, HI Western La Push, WA
Western San Pedro, CA Pacific Honolulu, HI Southern Daytona Beach, FL
Eastern Myrtle Beach, SC Pacific Pearl Harbor, HI Eastern Montauk, NY
Southern Mayaguez, PR Western Port San Luis, CA
Southern San Juan, PR Western San Diego, CA
Eastern Cape Hatteras, NC
NOAAs Tsunami Program Hazard Assessment
Deferred delivery of 3 inundation models in
FY08 to put resources on transitioning models to
operations. 1 Opportunity to accelerate and
expand models completed to address more at-risk
communities w/Spectrum Sale.
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