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Management Techniques for the Health Unit Coordinator

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Title: Management Techniques for the Health Unit Coordinator Author: Elaine Gillingham Last modified by: Michael Gillespie Created Date: 2/10/2012 5:48:36 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Management Techniques for the Health Unit Coordinator


1
The Language Of Medicine Dr. Michael P. Gillespie
2
Chapter 8Female Reproductive System
2
3
Chapter Goals
  • Name and locate female reproductive organs and
    learn their combining forms.
  • Explain how these organs and their hormones
    function in the processes of menstruation and
    pregnancy.
  • Identify abnormal conditions of the female
    reproductive system and of the newborn.

4
Chapter Goals
  • Describe important laboratory tests and clinical
    procedures used in gynecology and obstetrics, and
    recognize related abbreviations.
  • Understand medical terms in their proper
    contexts, such as medical reports and records.

5
Chapter 8 Lesson 8.1

6
Introduction
  • Sexual Reproduction
  • This is the union of the nuclei of ovum and sperm
    cell.
  • Ovum and sperm cells are called gametes.
  • Each gamete contains half the number of
    chromosomes of a normal body cell.

7
Introduction
  • Gametes
  • (ovum and sperm cell)
  • Gametes are produced in the gonads.
  • Female gonads are the ovaries male gonads are
    the testes.

8
Introduction
  • Fertilization
  • An ovum leaves the ovaries and travels through
    the fallopian tube.
  • Fertilization takes place if sperm cells. are
    present and unite with the ovum.
  • Fertilized egg implants then divides to form a
    ball of cells, called a zygote (and later an
    embryo and then a fetus).

9
Organs of the Female Reproductive System
  • Label the diagram
  • Organs of the female reproductive system,
  • lateral view.

10
Organs of the Female Reproductive System
  • Organs of the female reproductive system, lateral
    view.

11
QUICK QUIZ
  • Fertilized egg implants, then divides to form a
    ball of cells, called a
  • embryo
  • fetus
  • follicle
  • zygote

12
Organs of the Female Reproductive System
  • Label the diagram
  • Organs of the female reproductive system
  • anterior view

13
Organs of the Female Reproduction System
  • Organs of the female reproductive system
  • anterior view

14
Organs of the Female Reproductive System
  • ? The Breast
  • sagittal view

15
Organs of the Female Reproductive System
  • ? The Breast
  • sagittal view

16
Menstruation and Pregnancy
  • MENSTRUAL CYCLE
  • Day 1-5 Blood cells, endometrial cells, and
    glandular
  • secretions discharge from
    the body.
  • Day 6-12 Estrogen aids repair of endometrium.
  • The ovum grows in the
    follicle.
  • Day 13-14 Egg leaves the ovary and passes
    through
  • the fallopian tube.
  • Day 15-28 Corpus luteum secretes progesterone
  • uterus lining builds up.

17
Menstruation and Pregnancy
MENSTRUAL CYCLE
18
Menstruation and Pregnancy
  • PREGNANCY
  • If fertilization occurs, the egg implants in the
    uterine endometrium.
  • Placenta forms within the uterine wall.
  • Amnion holds the fetus in an amniotic cavity.
  • Nutrients, oxygen and wastes exchange between
    fetus and mother.
  • Placenta produces human chorionic gonadotropin
    (hCG).

19
Menstruation and Pregnancy
A, Implantation in the uterus B, Embryos
relationship to the placenta
20
Menstruation and Pregnancy
A, Implantation in the uterus B, Embryos
relationship to the placenta
21
QUICK QUIZ
  • Corpus luteum secretes this monthly to build up
    the lining of the uterus..
  • A. adreniline
  • B. estrogen
  • C. progesterone
  • D. hCG

22
QUICK QUIZ
  • 3. During Pregnancy what does the placenta
    secrete?
  • adreniline
  • hCG
  • progesterone
  • estrogen

23
Menstruation and Pregnancy
  • PREGNANCY
  • Progesterone maintains placenta development.
  • Uterus expands as fetus grows.
  • Normal delivery fetal position is cephalic
    presentation (head first).

24
Menstruation and Pregnancy
  • PREGNANCY
  • Three Phases of Labor
  • Dilation of the cervix
  • Birth of the infant
  • Delivery of the placenta

25
Menstruation and Pregnancy
A, Cephalic presentation. B, Delivery
of the placenta.
26
Hormonal Interactions
  • Pituitary secretes
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  • Luteinizing hormone (LH)
  • Pituitary stops producing FSH and LH
  • During pregnancy
  • With oral contraceptives

27
Hormonal Interactions
  • Menopause
  • Gradual ending of the menstrual cycle
  • Normally begins between 45 and 55
  • Falling estrogen levels
  • Option for estrogen replacement therapy (careful
    consideration of risks required)

28
Vocabulary
  • adnexa uteri
  • amnion
  • areola
  • Bartholin glands
  • cervix

29
Vocabulary
  • chorion
  • clitoris
  • coitus
  • corpus luteum
  • cul-de-sac

30
Vocabulary
  • embryo
  • endometrium
  • estrogen
  • fallopian tube
  • fertilization
  • fetus

31
Vocabulary
  • fimbriae
  • follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  • gamete
  • genitalia
  • gestation
  • gonad

32
Vocabulary
  • gynecology
  • human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
  • hymen
  • labia
  • lactiferous ducts

33
Vocabulary
  • luteinizing hormone (LH)
  • mammary papilla
  • menarche
  • menopause
  • menstruation

34
Vocabulary
  • myometrium
  • neonatology
  • obstetrics
  • orifice
  • ovarian follicle
  • ovary

35
Vocabulary
  • ovulation
  • ovum
  • parturition
  • perineum
  • pituitary gland

36
Vocabulary
  • placenta
  • pregnancy
  • progesterone
  • puberty
  • uterine serosa

37
Vocabulary
  • uterus
  • vagina
  • vulva
  • zygote

38
QUICK QUIZ
  • 4. Which term refers to the inner, mucous
    membrane lining of the uterus?
  • A. endometrium
  • B. fallopian tube
  • C. chorion
  • D. amnion

39
Terminology Combining Forms, Suffixes, and
Prefixes
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • amni/o amnion
  • cervic/o cervix, neck
  • chori/o chorion
  • chorion/o chorion
  • colp/o vagina

Combining Form Meaning
40
Terminology Combining Forms, Suffixes, and
Prefixes
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • culd/o cul-de-sac
  • episi/o vulva
  • galact/o milk
  • gynec/o woman, female
  • hyster/o uterus, womb

Combining Form Meaning
41
Terminology Combining Forms, Suffixes, and
Prefixes
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • lact/o milk
  • mamm/o breast
  • mast/o breast
  • men/o menses, menstruation
  • metr/o uterus

Combining Form Meaning
42
Terminology Combining Forms, Suffixes, and
Prefixes
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • my/o muscle
  • myom/o muscle tumor
  • nat/i birth
  • obstetr/o midwife
  • o/o egg

Combining Form Meaning
43
Terminology Combining Forms, Suffixes, and
Prefixes
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • oophor/o ovary
  • ov/o egg
  • ovari/o ovary
  • ovul/o egg
  • perine/o perineum

Combining Form Meaning
44
Terminology Combining Forms, Suffixes, and
Prefixes
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • phor/o to bear
  • salping/o fallopian tubes
  • uter/o uterus
  • vagin/o vagina
  • vulv/o vulva

Combining Form Meaning
45
Terminology Combining Forms, Suffixes, and
Prefixes
  • SUFFIXES
  • -arche beginning
  • -cyesis pregnancy
  • -gravida pregnancy
  • -parous to bear, bring forth

Suffix Meaning
46
Terminology Combining Forms, Suffixes, and
Prefixes
  • SUFFIXES
  • -rrhea discharge
  • -salpinx uterine tube
  • -tocia labor, birth
  • -version act of turning

Suffix Meaning
47
Terminology Combining Forms, Suffixes, and
Prefixes
  • PREFIXES
  • dys- painful
  • endo- within
  • in- in
  • intra- within
  • multi- many

Suffix Meaning
48
Terminology Combining Forms, Suffixes, and
Prefixes
  • PREFIXES
  • nulli- no, not, none
  • pre- before
  • primi- first
  • retro- backward

Suffix Meaning
49
QUICK QUIZ
  • 5. Which term means removal of the breast?
  • A. hysterectomy
  • B. mastectomy
  • C. mastitis
  • D. mammoplasty

50
Pathology Uterus
  • Carcinoma of the cervix
  • Malignant cells within the cervix
  • Cervicitis
  • Inflammation of the cervix
  • Carcinoma of the endometrium
  • Malignant tumor of the uterus
  • Endometriosis
  • Endometrial tissue located outside the uterus

51
Pathology Uterus
  • Fibroids
  • Benign tumors of the uterus
  • Figure shows location of uterine fibroids.

52
Pathology Gynecological and Breast
  • Breast
  • Carcinoma of the breast
  • Fibrocystic disease

53
Pathology Gynecological and Breast
  • Ovaries
  • Ovarian carcinoma
  • Malignant tumor of the ovary
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Collections of fluid within a sac in the ovary
  • Fallopian Tubes
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Examples salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis

54
Carcinoma of the breastImage A shows (arrows)
mammogram of invasive carcinoma of the breast.
Image B is a cut section of invasive ductal
carcinoma of the breast.
Pathology Breast
55
Pathology Pregnancy
  • Abruptio placentae
  • Premature separation of the implanted placenta
  • Choriocarcinoma
  • Malignant tumor of the placenta
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Misplaced implantation of egg
  • Placenta previa
  • Preeclampsia

56
Pathology Neonatal
  • Down syndrome
  • Erythroblastosis fetalis
  • Hyaline membrane disease
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Meconium aspiration syndrome
  • Pyloric stenosis

57
Pathology Neonatal
  • APGAR SCORING CHART
  • Assessment of newborn
  • Scoring 1 to 5 mins after birth

58
Clinical Tests and Procedures
  • Clinical tests
  • Pap test (Pap smear)
  • Pregnancy test
  • Procedures
  • X-rays
  • Ultrasound
  • Gynecological procedures
  • Procedures during pregnancy

59
Clinical Procedures
  • Gynecological procedures
  • Conization
  • Removal of a cone-shaped section of the cervix.
  • Figure shows LEEP for cone biopsy

60
Clinical Procedures
  • GYNECOLOGICAL PROCEDURES
  • Laparoscopic
  • oophorectomy
  • A, Ovary placed in plastic bag.
  • B, Extracted through the laparoscope

61
Clinical Tests and Procedures
  • Procedures
  • Procedures during pregnancy
  • Amniocentesis
  • Needle placement guided by ultrasound images.

62
Review Sheet
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • amni/o _________
  • cephal/o _________
  • cervic/o _________
  • chori/o, chorion/o _________
  • colp/o _________

Combining Form Meaning
63
Review Sheet
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • amni/o amnion
  • cephal/o head
  • cervic/o cervix, neck
  • chori/o, chorion/o chorion
  • colp/o vagina

Combining Form Meaning
64
Review Sheet
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • culd/o _________
  • episi/o _________
  • galact/o _________
  • gynec/o _________
  • hyster/o _________

Combining Form Meaning
65
Review Sheet
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • culd/o cul-de-sac
  • episi/o vulva
  • galact/o milk
  • gynec/o woman, female
  • hyster/o uterus, womb

Combining Form Meaning
66
Review Sheet
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • lact/o _________
  • mamm/o _________
  • mast/o _________
  • men/o _________
  • metr/o _________

Combining Form Meaning
67
Review Sheet
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • lact/o milk
  • mamm/o breast
  • mast/o breast
  • men/o menses, menstruation
  • metr/o uterus

Combining Form Meaning
68
Review Sheet
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • my/o _________
  • myom/o _________
  • nat/i _________
  • obstetr/o _________
  • olig/o _________
  • o/o _________

Combining Form Meaning
69
Review Sheet
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • my/o muscle
  • myom/o muscle tumor
  • nat/i birth
  • obstetr/o midwife
  • olig/o scanty
  • o/o egg

Combining Form Meaning
70
Review Sheet
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • oophor/o _________
  • ov/o _________
  • ovari/o _________
  • ovul/o _________
  • perine/o _________

Combining Form Meaning
71
Review Sheet
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • oophor/o ovary
  • ov/o egg
  • ovari/o ovary
  • ovul/o egg
  • perine/o perineum

Combining Form Meaning
72
Review Sheet
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • phor/o _________
  • py/o _________
  • salping/o _________
  • uter/o _________
  • vagin/o _________
  • vulv/o _________

Combining Form Meaning
73
Review Sheet
  • COMBINING FORMS
  • phor/o to bear
  • py/o pus
  • salping/o fallopian tubes
  • uter/o uterus
  • vagin/o vagina
  • vulv/o vulva

Combining Form Meaning
74
Review Sheet
  • SUFFIXES
  • -arche _________
  • -cele _________
  • -cyesis _________
  • -ectasis _________
  • -ectomy _________

Suffix Meaning
75
Review Sheet
  • SUFFIXES
  • -arche beginning
  • -cele hernia
  • -cyesis pregnancy
  • -ectasis stretching, dilation
  • -ectomy removal, excision

Suffix Meaning
76
Review Sheet
  • SUFFIXES
  • -flexion _________
  • -genesis _________
  • -gravida _________
  • -itis _________
  • -pareunia _________
  • -parous _________

Suffix Meaning
77
Review Sheet
  • SUFFIXES
  • -flexion flexible
  • -genesis producing forming
  • -gravida pregnancy
  • -itis inflammation
  • -pareunia sexual intercourse
  • -parous to bear, bring forth

Suffix Meaning
78
Review Sheet
  • SUFFIXES
  • -plasia _________
  • -plasty _________
  • -ptosis _________
  • -rrhagia _________
  • -rrhaphy _________

Suffix Meaning
79
Review Sheet
  • SUFFIXES
  • -plasia development, formation
  • -plasty surgical repair
  • -ptosis dropping, sagging
  • -rrhagia bursting forth (blood)
  • -rrhaphy suture

Suffix Meaning
80
Review Sheet
  • SUFFIXES
  • -rrhea _________
  • -salpinx _________
  • -scopy _________
  • -stenosis _________
  • -stomy _________

Suffix Meaning
81
Review Sheet
  • SUFFIXES
  • -rrhea discharge
  • -salpinx uterine tube
  • -scopy visual examination
  • -stenosis tightening
  • -stomy new opening

Suffix Meaning
82
Review Sheet
  • SUFFIXES
  • -tocia _________
  • -tomy _________
  • -tresia _________
  • -version _________

Suffix Meaning
83
Review Sheet
  • SUFFIXES
  • -tocia labor, birth
  • -tomy process of cutting
  • -tresia opening
  • -version act of turning

Suffix Meaning
84
Review Sheet
  • PREFIXES
  • bi- _________
  • dys- _________
  • endo- _________
  • in- _________
  • intra- _________
  • multi- _________

Prefix Meaning
85
Review Sheet
  • PREFIXES
  • bi- two
  • dys- painful
  • endo- within
  • in- in
  • intra- within
  • multi- many

Prefix Meaning
86
Review Sheet
  • PREFIXES
  • nulli- _________
  • oxy- _________
  • peri- _________
  • pre- _________

Prefix Meaning
87
Review Sheet
  • PREFIXES
  • nulli- no, not, none
  • oxy- swift, sharp
  • peri- surrounding
  • pre- before

Prefix Meaning
88
Review Sheet
  • PREFIXES
  • primi- _________
  • pseudo- _________
  • retro- _________
  • uni- _________

Prefix Meaning
89
Review Sheet
  • PREFIXES
  • primi- first
  • pseudo- false
  • retro- backward
  • uni- one

Prefix Meaning
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