Culture - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Culture PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 66dc23-ODM2Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Culture

Description:

Culture & Management Definitions of culture Theoretical frameworks of culture How culture affects management What is culture? For a culture to exist, its members need ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:89
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 30
Provided by: AndreaAm
Learn more at: http://classes.uleth.ca
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Culture


1
Culture Management
  • Definitions of culture
  • Theoretical frameworks of culture
  • How culture affects management

2
What is culture?
  • For a culture to exist, its members need to have
  • shared meanings
  • shared understanding
  • shared sense making

3
Culture
  • Culture is a collection of behavior patterns
  • such as thoughts, manners and actions which
    members have shared, learned and passed on to
    succeeding generations

4
At a fundamental, basic level, culture is a
groups solution to human needs and problems
(individual and collective) that has evolved over
generations.
  • Each culture has its own
  • logic, rules of behavior conduct

5
A culture cannot exist without a society
  • A society is the group of people who create and
    give significance to its shared ways.

6
Other definitions of culture
  • A collective programming of the mind (Hofestede)
  • A complex whole which includes
  • knowledge, belief, art, morals, laws, customs,
    habits, and values

7
Sathes levels of culture
  • Basic assumptions
  • underlying assumptions of societys relationship
    to nature/others/themselves
  • expressed values
  • values beliefs - shoulds oughts musts
  • observable aspects/manifest culture
  • artifacts, symbols, rituals, gestures, dress,
    heroes

8
Beliefs
  • Statements of fact about the ways things are

9
Values
  • Preferred states about the ways things should be
  • Ideals

10
Key elements of Culture - humans relationships
to
11
How is culture learned?
  • Primary socialization - a complex process through
    which we learn appropriate age, gender, ethnic
    and social class behavior

12
How else is culture learned?
  • Subculture socialization appropriate behavior in
    a distinct cultural group that might differ from
    the dominant group
  • secondary socialization knowledge skills to
    achieve adult roles -such as educational and
    workplace training

13
We learn culturally appropriate behaviors from
our families, friends, schools,
religious institutions media
14
Organizational culture
  • Like national cultures, organizations have their
    own cultures that consist of
  • structured systems of policies/procedures
  • shared assumptions and values
  • a collective sense of belonging

15
Culture Management
  • Culture affects management in various ways
  • It informs such questions as
  • What is valued?
  • Whom is the company for?
  • What are are goals?
  • How far ahead do we plan?
  • Who are we as company - collective identity

16
Culture Management
  • Historically, culture has been the most
    neglected influence on management practices.
    Nonetheless, management means different things to
    different people in different cultures

17
Theoretical frameworks for understanding culture
  • Hofestede
  • Hall
  • Kluckhohn Strodbeck
  • Tropenaars

18
Hofestede
  • 4 distinct dimensions
  • power distance (hierarchy)
  • uncertainty avoidance (the need to avoid
    ambiguity)
  • individualism vs. collectivism (attachment to a
    group)
  • career success (masculinity) vs. quality of life
    (femininity)

19
Strengths Weaknesses
  • Work-related values are not universal
  • Local values affect interpretations of rules
  • He assumes cultural homogeneity
  • He worked within a single industry company

20
Edward Hall
  • High Context vs. Low Context cultures

21
High context
  • High context depends heavily upon
  • external environment
  • situational context
  • non-verbal behavior
  • meaning indirectly conveyed
  • relationships are long-lasting
  • agreements may be verbal changeable

22
Low context
  • External environment less important
  • Direct, often blunt communication
  • Non-verbal behavior less important
  • Explicit information given, ambiguity avoided
  • Meaning directly conveyed
  • relationships are shorter-term

23
Kluckhohn Strodtbeck
  • 6 basic orientations
  • What is the persons relationship to nature?
  • What is the persons relationship to others?
  • What is the modality of human activity?
  • What is the temporal focus of human activity?
  • What is the persons concept of space?

24
What is the nature of people?
  • Fixed
  • Changeable
  • Good
  • Evil
  • Mixed

25
What is the persons relationship to others?
  • Lineal (hierarchical)
  • Individualistic
  • Collectivist

26
What is the modality of human activity?
  • Doing
  • Being
  • Contained (controlling)

27
What is the temporal focus of human activity?
  • Future oriented
  • Past oriented
  • Present oriented

28
What is the persons concept of space?
  • Private space
  • Public space
  • mixed

29
Tropenaars- Seven parameters
  • Group/individualism collective vs. individual
  • Feelings/relationships neutral vs. emotional
  • How far we get involved specific vs. diffuse
  • How we accord status achievement vs. assigned
  • Nature control vs. harmony
  • Time a commodity or relational
  • Relationships/rules universalism vs. paticularism
About PowerShow.com