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Shipping company structure

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Title: Shipping company structure Author: Skracic Last modified by: tskracic Created Date: 6/16/2014 1:03:55 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Shipping company structure


1
Tomislav Skracic, MA Undergraduate English Course
for MARITIME MANAGERS 6th Semester
  • Essential reading
  • T. Skracic, Waypoint English Textbook for
    Maritime Students, Pomorski fakultet, Split 2010,
    Units 29-33
  • T. Trappe G. Tullis, Intelligent Business,
    Longman 2005

2
STRUCTURE OF A SHIPPING COMPANY
  • UNIT 32

3
Glossary
  • trade, liner company, tramp, delegate
    responsibility, board of directors, managing
    director (CEO), senior / junior management,
    departments, liaison, HR, PR, IT, RD,
    performance against budget, business plan, fleet
    manager, scheduling, market demand / forecast,
    fleet capacity resources, peak periods, sailing
    programme, ports of call, overhauls / surveys,
    security policy, non-core business,
    diversification, profit margins, operating costs,
    state subsidies, merger, acquisition (take over),
    stake / share in, joint venture, offshore crews,
    outsourcing of management

4
(No Transcript)
5
  • The structure of a shipping company is determined
    primarily by the nature of the trade in which it
    operates and by the scale of its activities
  • The structure of a tramp operator will generally
    be different from that of a much larger liner
    company
  • Irrespective of the size of the company, its
    structure should be designed to permit swift
    decision-making

6
Organisation chart
Unit 32
7
  • Headed by the chairman or president, the Board of
    Directors is responsible for policy decisions and
    strategy
  • The Board often include partners such as law and
    business consultants
  • If the company is fully or partly state-owned,
    politicians are appointed to the Board

8
  • The Board usually appoints a Managing Director or
    Chief Executive Officer (CEO), who has overall
    responsibility for implementing the corporate
    policy and strategy, and for the running of the
    business
  • The secretary is in charge of legal matters and
    administration in general
  • Senior managers head the various departments or
    functions within the company

9
Finance department
  • This department controls the money flow and is
    responsible for annual accounts, audits, credit
    control...
  • They are also responsible for producing financial
    data necessary to make decisions concerning the
    budget, business plan and other documents

10
Personnel department (Human Resources)
  • This department is in charge of recruiting shore
    and marine staff
  • It advertises the jobs or positions, selects the
    most suitable candidates, and organises
    interviews

11
Marketing department
  • Marketing in shipping as in any other business
    involves market research, product and service
    analysis, traffic and market development,
    promotions, and the like
  • One of the most important tasks of this
    department is liaison with port, travel and
    overseas agents
  • If PR department has not been set up within the
    company, marketing department is in charge of
    public and customer relations

12
Operations department (Fleet management)
  • Crucial department for a shipping company
  • The main concern is to maximise the economic
    employment of the ship
  • Another specific activity of this department is
    scheduling deciding where to send the ships and
    when
  • Coordination is essential, not only among the
    other departments but also with the ship, the
    shipbroker and the agents

13
  • If the Insurance department has not been
    established within the company, the Operations
    department and the Fleet manager will deal with
    all insurance formalities and settlement of legal
    claims
  • The function of the fleet manager will be
    discussed in more detail later.

14
Technical department
  • It is the department which keeps the ships
    seaworthy
  • It is in charge of ship overhauls and is engaged
    in technical repairs, maintenance research and
    naval architecture

15
Information and Technology department
  • Activities of this department include
  • IT budgets
  • IT contracts
  • IT research
  • IT planning
  • IT development.

16
DPA CSO department
  • This department is in charge of the
    implementation of the International Ship and Port
    Facility Security Code (ISPS)
  • The Code was initiated as part of the US
    government's response to the September 11th
    terrorist attacks
  • It came into force in 2004 as an amendment to the
    SOLAS Convention

17
  • DPA
  • (Designated Person)
  • CSO
  • (Chief Security Officer)
  • The responsibility of the DPA is to assure the
    quality and safety of the operation process
  • He implements, coordinates, monitors, and
    evaluates the Quality Management System
  • The duty of the CSO is to develop a culture of
    security
  • He leads staff members who are responsible for
    promoting and enforcing security policies within
    an enterprise or division

18
Unit 32
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