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European Architecture through the Centuries

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European Architecture through the Centuries Ari Ball Renaissance Architecture During the Renaissance more secular buildings became popular. The Roman Classics became ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: European Architecture through the Centuries


1
European Architecture through the Centuries
  • Ari Ball

2
Renaissance Architecture
  • During the Renaissance more secular buildings
    became popular.
  • The Roman Classics became a primary reference at
    this point
  • Architects made the transition from being skilled
    laborer to artists

3
Characteristics of Renaissance Architecture
  • Emphasis on symmetry
  • Columns
  • Arches
  • Domes
  • Reference to the classics
  • Aedicule

4
Filippo Brunelleschi
  • Brunelleschi was considered the first renaissance
    architect.
  • Helped engineer the dome of the
  • Florence Cathedral.
  • Style spread
  • quickly.

5
Influencing Europe
  • Florence- soon spreading to the rest of Italy
  • France- brought major Italian architects to
    influence their architectural style
  • Soon followed by Germany, England, and Russia

6
Forms of Renaissance Architecture
  • Elizabethan
  • Romanesque
  • Mannerism
  • French Renaissance Architecture
  • Palladian Architecture
  • Tudor Architecture
  • Note I will elaborate on the most commonly used
    throughout the PowerPoint

7
Elizabethan Architecture
  • During Elizabeth I reign
  • Characterized by Dutch gable and Flemish strap
    work
  • Can be seen on Wolltan Hall and Burghley House
  • English Renaissance style

8
Romanesque Architecture
  • Transition from Renaissance to Gothic styles
  • Popular Norman style

9
Characteristics of Romanesque Architecture
  • Reference to the Roman style of building
  • Arches that would influence Gothic style
  • Most popular in the Netherlands
  • Can be seen in the Plan of Saint Gall Church

10
Gothic Architecture

11
Characteristics of Gothic Architecture
  • Pointed arches
  • Flying buttresses
  • Ribbed vault
  • Mainly used in Cathedrals and castles
  • Can be found in universities, churches, and town
    halls

12
Abbot Suger
  • Friend of Louis VI and VII
  • Asked to rebuild Church of Saint- Denis
  • Said to be the first church built in the Gothic
    style
  • Completed with rose windows, large pointed
    arches, ribbed vaults and flying buttresses.

13
Religious Support of Gothic Architecture
  • The spiritual Benedictines
  • Cistercian Orders in France
  • Franciscans- Grey Friars
  • The Dominicans

14
Mannerist Architecture
  • Led to Baroque style- has the same
    characteristics
  • Period marked with works by Michelangelo, Giulio
    Romano, Baldassare Peruzzi, and Andrea Palladio.

15
Baroque Architecture
16
Characteristics of Baroque Architecture
  • Visible statement of wealth and power
  • Theatrical
  • Linked to Counter Reformation
  • Baroque- mis-shapen pearl
  • High alters and chapels

17
Baroque and the Church
  • Pope Urban VIII
  • Innocent X
  • Alexander VII

18
Rococo Architecture
  • Appeared first in France
  • Arranged in organized chaos

19
Characteristics of Rococo Architecture
  • Organic based objects
  • Light
  • Delicate colors
  • Rippling surfaces
  • Often used in interior design

20
Revival Architecture
  • 18th and 19th century expansion
  • Marks the growth of the Roman Catholic Church
  • Became popular with the growth of
    industrialization and the need for more churches
    and cathedrals.

21
Characteristics of Revival Architecture
  • Drawing from the previous forms of architecture
  • Often used in rebuilding or remodeling
  • Mostly used when constructing new churches

22
Modern Architecture
  • Ideals of Modernism
  • Draw from previous popular forms
  • More practical in comparison

23
Characteristics of Modern Architecture
  • Functional
  • Formal shapes
  • Symbolic values of the classics
  • Spacious
  • Diverse

24
Architectural Changes in Cities
  • Society was agriculturally based throughout until
    the Industrial Revolutions
  • During the 18th and 19th centuries change to more
    industrialized cities and the move out to suburbs
    would occur

25
References
  • Department of European Paintings. "Architecture
    in Renaissance Italy". In Heilbrunn Timeline of
    Art History. New York The Metropolitan Museum
    of Art, 2000. http//www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/i
    tar/hd_itar.htm (October 2002
  • Matthews, Kevin. "Baroque Architecture ."
    Greatbuildings.com. ArtificeInc, 1998. Web. 25
    Mar 2011.
  • Rococo Architecture." www.artsz.org. Página web
    Realizada con el Patrocinio de la Cámara de
    Comercio e Industria de Madrid, 02/08/2008. Web.
    25 Mar 2011.

26
References continued
  • "Gothic Revival architecture." The Columbia
    Electronic Encyclopedia. 2005. Columbia
    University Press 25 Mar. 2011 http//encyclopedi
    a2.thefreedictionary.com/GothicRevival
    architecture
  • Baroque Revival architecture." The Great Soviet
    Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition. 1970-1979. The Gale
    Group, Inc. 26 Mar. 2011 http//encyclopedia2.the
    freedictionary.com/GothicRevivalarchitecture
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