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Mission-Shaped Evangelism


Mission-Shaped Evangelism Listening to God in the cultural context Double listening Two ears one mouth Use accordingly in mission Failure to enter the other ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 27 February 2020
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Title: Mission-Shaped Evangelism

Mission-Shaped Evangelism
  • Listening to God in the cultural context

Double listening
  • Two ears one mouth
  • Use accordingly in mission
  • Failure to enter the other persons world leaves
    us like the tourists who keep speaking louder in
    their own language

Post-modernity? Modernity to
I tell my story
I choose my beliefs
truth as fact
truth as experience
I buy my identity
The logic of consumerism
Church attendance 2005
76 of New Christians Come from 26 De-Churched
finding faith today 1992
65 Non Churched
This section of the population is older and
decreasing over time
26 De Churched
9 monthly
  • Not just about church attendance
  • Grace Davie,
  • - Believing without belonging and vicarious faith
  • But changing belief
  • Fading of occasional office
  • Decline in Christian identity
  • Stages in the decline of Christendom not a new
    way for it to persist

Belief in God
Infant Baptism C of E 2007
Church Weddings 2007
Christian Affiliation UK
Christian Affiliation 2001
Christian Affiliation
Builders (born 20s30s) in 2005
Boomers (born 40s50s) in 2005
Gen-Xers (born 60s70s) in 2005
Gen-Yers (born 80s90s) in 2015?
Post- Secularism?
  • Post-modernity - multi-faith in a post-secular
  • Post-modern move from truth as fact to truth as
    experience - From universal truth to true for me
    may be different to true for you.
  • Rejection of objectivity for subjectivity
  • Personal belief re-enters the public square
  • Any and every belief . All are equally
  • All of this much to the annoyance of Richard
  • and Christians?
  • Religion once more on the agenda but any religion
    with no way back to Christendom ..indeed is
    Christianity disadvantaged compared to the

Spiritual experience in 2000 Vs 1987
1987 48 report a spiritual experience - 2000
risen to 76
25 the presence of evil up 108
But what are they experiencing?
The excluded middle
  • Paul Heibert
  • Many traditional religions have a sacred
    dimension about the Gods and secular dimension to
    do with the non-spiritual but also a middle
    ground of the superstitious and everyday
    spiritual. He saw this as missing from
  • This area very much addressed by new

Believe in an afterlife
Believe in restless spirits
Believe in Karma
Experience of fortune telling, Tarot, astrology,
psychics, palmists
Australian Gen Y like Britain?
Rationalist humanist
Non believing 14
Moral relativism, pick n mix, truth in all
religions but not just one, something out there
occult and paranormal experienced BUT open rather
than committed or seeing as important
Includes neo pagans and followers or frequent
participants in the esoteric/occult
new spiritual 23
Religious 17
Japan Britain
Consumer Christianity?
Consumer Christianity?
  • God the cosmic therapist?
  • Cruise liner or Battleship?
  • John Wimber
  • Church shopping?
  • Looking for what I get out of it
  • Looking for the one that does things my way
  • Buying religious product?
  • Baptisms weddings
  • Rosaries
  • Retreats
  • Christmas Carols

Mission-Shaped Evangelism
  • Listening to God in the Christian tradition

Steve Hollinghurst Oct 10
Jesus, mission and other faiths
  • The Vision of the kingdom of God (cf Luke 5-8)
  • Radical values of inclusion leading to
    transformation and reversals of status the
    sinful, the unclean, women, the non-Jew ( in
    spite of Jesus claim to only be sent to the lost
    sheep of Israel)
  • The use of parables
  • Making disciples who will make disciples
  • The parable of the sower (Luke 8) followed by
    sending of The 12 (Luke 9) and 72 (Luke 10) as
    Jesus has been sent (John 17) (apostolic church).
    To make disciples in all cultures (Matt 28)
  • Weakness and vulnerability the marks of the
  • Sent to be the guests of those they are to
    witness amongst
  • Becoming as servants and children (Mark 9)
  • The small things leading to great change
    mustard seed and yeast in dough

Crossing culture - The Early Church
  • In Jerusalem
  • The Pentecost Sermon to Jews Acts 2
  • The Jerusalem church Acts 4
  • The Hellenists fresh insight Persecution
  • In Judea and Samaria
  • The dispersal of the Hellenists
  • Philip the Samaritans Ethiopian Eunuch Acts 8
  • To the ends of the earth
  • Peter and Cornelius Acts 10
  • The Church in Antioch Acts 11
  • The Gentile mission from Antioch

Paul does double-listening
  • Acts 14 Lystra
  • After healing a crippled man the crowd think Paul
    and Barnabas are Hermes and Zeus.
  • Paul reasons from nature not scripture to explain
    his faith.and struggles to communicate
  • Acts 17 Athens
  • Paul goes round the temples learning about Greek
    belief we see the results in his address to the
  • He debates with the philosophers in the market
    place.and struggles to communicate they call
    him a spermalgos someone who doesnt know
    what they are talking about!

Pauls two sermons
Jews .and.Greeks?
  • Jesus is the expected messiah who will fulfil the
    prophets and law
  • He was killed as a sacrifice but rose
  • He has been appointed judge and we must now
    change the directions of our lives
  • We are all searchers after God
  • The God of the universe doesnt live in temples
  • That God has set a day to judge the nations so we
    must now change the directions of our lives
  • The judge will be Jesus who was raised from the

Mission in Christendom is like Jewish Mission
Paul and Paganism
  • Following the Jewish legacy
  • God can be found in Pagan religion but is
    revealed to be more than those religions show and
    not all of it is to be accepted.
  • This can be used to aid mission
  • eg Lystra, Athens Ephesus
  • The issue of food sacrificed to idols (I Cor 10)
  • Give no offence to Jews or to Greeks or to the
    church of God, just as I try to please everyone
    in everything I do, not seeking my own advantage,
    but that of many so that they may be saved. (vs
  • The Roman approach to religion must be avoided

Incarnational mission Phil 2
Jesus as part of Trinity
All must kneel before him
Takes on the form of those to whom he is sent
God exalts him
How might this passage influence our thinking on
Incarnational mission Phil 2
  • We take off our current form and put on that of
    those we seek to reach and affirm their culture
  • We die to ourselves in incarnation in order to be
    obedient to God
  • God will use this to exalt Jesus
  • All must come to accept Jesus as Lord and this
    will involve challenging culture as people become
    like Christ.

The limits to incarnation
  • 1 Cor 919-24
  • Though free I have become a slave in order to win
    people (Philippians model)
  • As a Jew to Jews, as a Greek to Greeks
  • All things to all people so by all means I might
    save some. For the sake of the gospel
  • But
  • As an African to the Africansas a Goth to
    Gothsas criminal to criminalsas a prostitute to
  • Jesus like us in every way but without sin

Mission shift to Christendom
  • Early Church incarnate in local culture
  • Greek Church - Paul uses poetry to Zeus
  • Roman Church - Jesus as Orpheus
  • Coptic Church - the image of Isis becomes Mary
  • Celtic Church - Jesus the Druid (Columba)
  • Germanic Church - the Heliand
  • Christendom one faith one empire
  • The Saxon Church and the war band
  • Synod of Whitby - the date of Easter monks hair
  • Mission ends within empire,
  • becomes conquest beyond it
  • Modernity evangelism recovered in Christendom
  • Individuals called to belief in a Christian
  • Aimed at intellectual conviction and crisis

Mission-Shaped Evangelism
  • In the twenty first century

Steve Hollinghurst Oct 10
A new Reformation?
400 BC
600 AD
1500 AD
2000 AD
Early Church
Changing expression David Bosch Transforming
Mission in Christendom
  • Mission (abroad)
  • Cultural export Vs Inhabiting local culture
  • Evangelism (at home)
  • Calling people back to the national faith

Learning from foreign mission
  • Do not call people back to where they were (they
    never were there)
  • Do not call people to where you are, as beautiful
    as it may seem to you
  • But travel with them to a place neither of you
    have been before

Vincent Donovan Christianity re-discovered
Changing Mission?
  • From sharing the Gospel in come to us mode
  • To Exploring Church in go to them mode

From individuals to all creation
  • Restoring the whole story of salvation

Gods Mission Gods Kingdom
  • The transformation of people linked to the
    transformation of creation Romans 8, 2 Cor 5
  • Reconciliation as a reversal of the fall
  • Humanity restored to Gods image as missionary to
  • Social transformation linked to evangelism
  • Any Gospel that does not proclaim and seek to
    bring about Gods Kingdom fails to understand
    Jesus and Gods mission
  • Any Gospel that does not set people free from sin
    will never achieve social transformation

Three levels of mission community
Who are on the way?
Bounded set ? Or..
Who are on the way?
Bounded set ? Or.Centred Set?
Who are on the way?
Bounded set ? Or.Centred Set?
A new apologetics?
  • Hearing relating to what is going on in
    peoples lives not assuming a pattern
  • Holistic not just brains but people drawn to
  • Hopeful assume God is at work in others, see
    what God is doing and join in
  • Humble we have a lot to learn too from God and
    others, including those of other faiths and
  • Hidden the parable tradition people ignore
    the obvious answer but explore the open ended.
  • Heavenward focus on where we are going and
    invite people on the journey

Lessons for sharing faith
  • People increasingly come to faith through
    experience rather than changing thinking
  • People want to grow spiritually and will take
    support in this seriously
  • Sharing faith is welcomed. Telling others what
    they share is wrong simply closes the
  • People arent interested if Christianity is true
    but if it is inspiring and life changing
  • with the internet everything is public be
  • We need to know how we will handle issues of
    gender, the environment, evil, other-faiths
  • Avoid Christian language like sin, salvation,
    redemption etc people dont understand it or
    misunderstand it but we still need to talk
    about them but with different words
  • We need to live as if what we say really does
  • Remember God transforms people not Christians

Evangelism is..
  • Not getting people to Church .....
  • but getting people to be Church
  • Not taking God to people
  • but seeing what he is already doing in their
  • Not first about getting people into heaven
  • but getting heaven into people
  • Not saving people from the world ....
  • but allowing God to transform them
  • as part of a plan to transform the world also
  • Your Kingdom come your will be done
  • on earth as it is in heaven
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