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Aboriginal Spirituality

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Title: Aboriginal Spirituality


1
Aboriginal Spirituality
  • By Rafi, Richard, Karolyn

2
Native Adherents
  • New data from the 2001 census shows the
    aboriginals share in Canadas rising population.
  • Census count of people registered under the
    Indian Act was about 558,000

3
Aboriginal Influences
  • Late 20th century
  • The Oka Crisis was a land dispute between the
    Mohawk nation and the town of Oka, Quebec which
    began on March 11, 1990, and lasted until
    September 26, 1990. It resulted in three deaths,
    and would be the first of a number of
    well-publicized violent conflicts between
    Indigenous people and the Canadian Government in
    the late 20th century.
  • The Ipperwash Crisis was an Indigenous land
    dispute that occurred in Ipperwash Provincial
    Park, Ontario in 1995. Several members of the
    Stoney Point Ojibway band occupied the park in
    order to assert their claim to the land. This led
    to a violent confrontation between protestors and
    the Ontario Provincial Police, who killed
    protestor Dudley George. The ensuing controversy
    was a major event in Canadian politics, and a
    provincial inquiry investigating the events
    continues today.

4
Aboriginal Influences CNTD.
  • Early 21st century
  • Many First Nations, along with their peers the
    MĂ©tis and the Inuit, claim to receive inadequate
    funding for education, and allege that their
    rights have been overlooked in many instances.
    Recently James K. Bartleman, Lieutenant Governor
    of Ontario, listed the encouragement of
    indigenous young people as one of his key
    priorities, and during his term (which began in
    2002) has launched several initiatives to promote
    literacy and bridge building.
  • Interaction with European-Canadians
  • As far back as the late 18th century, First
    Nations believe they have been targeted for
    assimilation into what they call
    European/Canadian culture.

5
Important Facts/Timeframe
  • Quotations "The culture, values and traditions
    of native people amount to more than crafts and
    carvings. Their respect for the wisdom of their
    elders, their concept of family responsibilities
    extending beyond the nuclear family to embrace a
    whole village, their respect for the environment,
    their willingness to share - all of these values
    persist within their own culture even though they
    have been under unremitting pressure to abandon
    them." Mr. Justice Thomas Berger, Mackenzie
    Valley Pipeline Inquiry, (aka the Berger
    Inquiry). Timeframe The Aboriginals were in
    Canada approximately 35,000 years ago.
  • Interesting FactsThe aboriginal peoples of
    Canada came into contact with Europeans around
    900 years ago for the Inuit and over 400 years
    ago for the peoples of the north Atlantic coast.
    Some did not meet Europeans until the early 20th
    century. Earliest contact with the Europeans were
    with the Norse in Newfoundland around 1000 AD.

6
Place Of Origin
  • Important Facts
  • The origins of Canada's Aboriginal peoples are
    largely shrouded in mystery, others think that
    they came by crossing an ice bridge in The
    Bearing Strait from east (Asia) to the west
    (North, and South America). The Aboriginals had
    twelve major language families and over fifty
    languages evolved many different types of
    ecological environments.
  • Archaeologists have found native artefacts
    dating back beyond 10,000 years

7
Beliefs
  • Animism all human and non-human withhold a soul
    and after death, live on.
  • Aboriginal is more polytheistic (believing in
    more than one god) rather than monotheistic
    (believing in one god).
  • They believe in reincarnation, or rebirth.

8
Practices, Rituals, Ceremonies
  • The Sweat Lodge It is a ceremony common among
    the Great Plains nations and cleanses both the
    physical and spiritual body.
  • The Morning Dance Occurs every spring, the
    Ojibwa of southern Ontario perform this dance. It
    pays homage to the tree of the universe
  • The Shaking Tent Its a ritual where one
    communicates with its spirits.
  • The Sun Dance A summer festival that takes place
    over a period of eight to sixteen days. This
    festival was so powerful that the government
    banned it in the late 1880s.
  • The Potlatch Ceremony Feasting, distributing
    wealth, and sharing songs and dances are all part
    of a Potlatch. This was another ceremony that the
    government made illegal in 1884.

9
Other interesting facts
  • The definition of Aboriginal is of native
    ancestry inhabiting or existing in a land from
    the earliest times and before colonists.
  • The leader of the group is called a Sachem.
  • Aboriginals have many interesting stories about
    genesis/origins.
  • These stories hold a great deal of spiritual
    powers.
  • Not only are they located in North and South
    America, but they are also located around the
    world.
  • All over Canada, there are specific pieces for
    natives only. One is located in Orillia.
  • Aboriginals have many traditions and rituals,
    some are the morning dance, and the sun dance.

10
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