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The Nuts and Bolts of the Chinese Political System

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The Nuts and Bolts of the Chinese Political System Bruce Dickson George Washington University The Chinese Communist Party The Chinese Communist Party 78 million ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Nuts and Bolts of the Chinese Political System


1
The Nuts and Bolts of the Chinese Political
System
  • Bruce DicksonGeorge Washington University

2
The Chinese Communist Party
3
The Chinese Communist Party
  • 78 million members
  • About 6 of population

4
The Chinese Communist Party
  • 78 million members
  • About 6 of population
  • Criteria for recruitment
  • Education
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Urban bias

5
The Chinese Communist Party
  • 78 million members
  • About 6 of population
  • Criteria for recruitment
  • Education
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Urban bias
  • Most key positions held by CCP members

6
Central Party Institutions
7
Central Party Institutions
8
Central Party Institutions
9
Central Party Institutions
10
Central Party Institutions
11
CCP General Secretary HU Jintao
12
Political Generations in China
Mao Zedong
Deng Xiaoping
Jiang Zemin
13
Fourth Generation
Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao
14
Fifth Generation
Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang
15
Chinese Political System
16
Chinese legislators at work
17
Chinese legislators at work
18
Chinese legislators at work
19
Chinese Political System
20
Prime Minister WEN Jiabao
21
Chinese Political System
22
Chinese Political System
23
CCPs bid for legitimacy
  • Performance Legitimacy
  • Growth

24
Chinas Economic Growth, 1980-2009
Growth
Per Capita GDP
Per Capita GDP
25
CCPs bid for legitimacy
  • Performance Legitimacy
  • Growth
  • Nationalism
  • Pride in economic accomplishments and growing
    role in international community
  • Preserve national unity
  • Century of humiliation

26
CCPs bid for legitimacy
  • Performance Legitimacy
  • Growth
  • Nationalism
  • Maintain political order
  • Traditional concern for stability
  • Rising protests around country

27
Challenges to CCPs legitimacy
  • Economic
  • Inequality
  • Corruption
  • Pollution
  • Rising aspirations?
  • Nationalism
  • Both elite driven and popular nationalism
  • Order
  • Most protests are direct if unintended
    consequence of pro-growth policies
  • How to balance growth and stability?

28
CCPs Strategy for Survival
  • Coercion
  • A hallmark of any authoritarian regime
  • But costly

29
CCPs Strategy for Survival
  • Coercion
  • Co-optation
  • Potential threats
  • New talent needed for policy goals
  • Chinese universities are now main recruitment
    areas for CCP
  • Three Represents

30
(No Transcript)
31
CCPs Strategy for Survival
  • Coercion
  • Co-optation
  • Limit the flow of information
  • Media
  • Internet
  • Prevent their use for political purposes, but
    make them available for leisure and especially
    economic purposes

32
CCPs Strategy for Survival
  • Coercion
  • Co-optation
  • Limit the flow of information
  • Raise the cost of collective action
  • CCP monopoly on political organization
  • Protests are local, material demands

33
Prospects for change
  • Despite the many problems linked to economic
    development, CCP remains popular
  • Most Chinese optimistic about future
  • No viable alternative
  • Will change come from within the party or from
    society?
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