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Introduction to the United Nations

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Introduction to the United Nations Tuesday, November 21, 2006 Human Rights Nuclear Non-Proliferation Unexploded ordinance (cluster bombs, smart bombs, landmines ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to the United Nations


1
Introduction to the United Nations
  • Tuesday, November 21, 2006

2
Human Rights
3
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4
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5
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Unexploded ordinance
(cluster bombs, smart bombs, landmines)
6
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7
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8
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9
Global Warming (Climate Change)
10
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11
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12
Fair Trade
13
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14
6 Main Assemblies
  • The General Assembly
  • The Security Council
  • The Economic and Social Council
  • The Trusteeship Council
  • The International Court of Justice
  • The Secretariat

15
Why we need the UN
  • In a world plagued by conflict, the UN permits
    instant consultations among governments and
    provides the forum for dealing with long-term
    problems

16
Why we need the UN
  • The UN is a catalyst for action on major global
    issues, such as the environment and illicit
    drugs, and provides the best mechanism available
    to mobilize and sustain international cooperation
    to tackle these issues.

17
Why we need the UN
  • The UN and its agencies help build economies and
    stabilize financial markets. They help eradicate
    disease, expand food production and increase
    longevity. They protect refugees, deliver food
    aid and respond quickly to natural disasters.

18
Why we need the UN
  • The UN and its agencies protect vulnerable
    groups, like children, refugees, displaced
    persons, minorities, indigenous people and the
    disabled.

19
Why we need the UN
  • The UN and its agencies provide the machinery for
    setting technical and legal standards in vital
    areas of global interaction, from air safety
    standards to human rights.

20
Purpose of the UN
  • The purposes of the United Nations, as set forth
    in the Charter, are to maintain international
    peace and security to develop friendly relations
    among nations to cooperate in solving
    international economic, social, cultural and
    humanitarian problems and in promoting respect
    for human rights and fundamental freedoms and to
    be a center for harmonizing the actions of
    nations in attaining these ends.

21
Policy Paper
  • A structured response that provides a clear
    picture of a nations stand on a particular
    topic.
  • Approximately one page.

22
Resolution Paper
  • Explains the action(s) of a country -according
    to their policies - and how they will solve the
    question being addressed.
  • No more than 2 pages in length.

23
Writing a Resolution
  • PREAMBLE
  • Explains the purpose of the draft.
  • First word is underlined and is usually
    capitalized.
  • May not be amended.
  • OPERATIVE CLAUSES
  • Recommendations for actions or opinions about the
    situation.
  • Begins with a verb denoting an action.
  • May be amended.

24
Writing a Resolution
  • PREAMBLE
  • Affirming
  • Declaring
  • Fulfilling
  • Observing
  • Seeking
  • Welcoming
  • OPERATIVE
  • Affirms
  • Considers
  • Declares
  • Invites
  • Proclaims
  • Urges

25
Topics for General Assembly
  • Nuclear Non-proliferation
  • Genocide in Sudan
  • Global Warming Kyoto Accord
  • Unexploded Ordinance cluster bombs, smart
    bombs, landmines
  • Fair Trade
  • Human Rights International Law Tribunal
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