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The Renaissance

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* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Focused on the individual, not the group Renaissance individualism focused on great accomplishments with optimism and heroes of history ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Renaissance


1
The Renaissance
  • Reawakening (rebirth) of interest in the
    classics

2
What is the Renaissance?
  • Focused on the individual, not the group
  • Renaissance individualism focused on great
    accomplishments with optimism and heroes of
    history perfecting the individual
  • Realism replace idealism-logic and reason
  • Occurred in urban, not rural areas
  • Secular worldly and concerned with the here and
    now
  • lived in beautiful mansions, threw banquets and
    wore expensive clothes

3
Individualism for Whom?
  • Focus on human dignity and human potential
    created a new social ideal of a well-rounded
    person who has many skills (Renaissance Man)
  • Aimed at wealthy and elite only- peasant
    improvement not expected or welcome!

4
Why Italy?
  • Economics- wealthy from wool/cloth trade and
    international banking
  • Overseas trade led to growth of city-states,
    plague destroyed city-states causing merchants to
    pursue interests into art, others to financially
    support them
  • Politically- the city-states were independent,
    ran own affairs, taxes and army, competed by
    supporting artists and scholars, merchants
    dominated politics
  • Merchants believed deserved power due to
    successful individual achievements (Renaissance
    theme)
  • Historically- Northern Italian cities built on
    ruins of ancient Rome
  • Revival in study of Roman law and writers

5
Social Order
  • First Estateclergy - 1 because of spiritual
    guidance they provided
  • Second Estatenobility- role was to provide
    security and justice for society
  • Baldassare Castiglone wrote The Courtier to
    teach nobles the proper way to act
  • Expectations
  • Third Estatepeasants and people who lived in
    towns and cities

6
Medici family
  • Trade and banking success,
  • won control of Florence govt, influenced members
    of ruling council by giving loans,
  • dictator of Florence, aided Renaissance by
    supporting arts
  • Scholars looked down on Middle Ages art and
    literature, wanted return to Greek and Romans,
    studied Latin manuscripts preserved in monasteries

7
Slaves
  • Shortage of workers due to Black Death caused
    Italy to introduce slavery on a large scale
  • Used mostly as skilled workers and playmates for
    children
  • Mostly female from Russia, Africa and Spain
  • Slavery declined by end of fifteenth century
    moral and economic reasons

8
Humanism
  • Focus on human potential and achievements
  • Studied to understand ancient Greek values
    instead of making classic text agree with
    Christian teaching
  • Suggested enjoying life without offending God,
  • Wealthy enjoyed material luxuries, fine music and
    tasty food

9
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • The Prince - examines how ruler can gain power
    and keep it in spite of his enemies,
  • Determined people are selfish, fickle and
    corrupt,
  • Have to trick enemies and own people for good of
    state
  • Better to be feared than loved

10
New Techniques in Art
  • Patrons financially supporting artists,
    beautified Rome by spending huge amounts of money
    on art
  • Perspective - indicating 3-dimensional

11
Donatello
  • Revived the classical figure of the nude body
  • His work, David, was the first nude statue of the
    Renaissance
  • Sculptures more realistic, natural postures and
    expressions that reveal personality

12
Michelangelo
  • Sculptor, painter and architect (saw himself
    primarily as a sculptor)
  • created figures that are forceful, heroic and
    powerful
  • explored human potential

13
  • David
  • MichelangeloBuonarotti
  • 1504
  • Marble

14
Raphael
  • Learned from Michelangelo and Leonardos works
  • Advanced idea of realism into paintings
  • Use of great proportion and perspective

15
Leonardo da Vinci
  • Artist, Sculptor, Engineer, Inventor , Scientist
  • Studied
  • How muscles move
  • Veins arranged on leafs
  • Painted Mona Lisa and Last Supper

1452 - 1519
16
  • Vitruvian Man
  • Leonardo daVinci
  • 1492

TheLuomouniversale
17
  • The Virgin of the Rocks

18
From his Notebooks of over 5000 pages
19
Mona Lisa OR da Vinci Vinci??
20
The Last Supper
21
vertical
horizontal
Perspective!
22
A Da Vinci CodeSt. John or Mary Magdalene?
23
The Architect
  • Plan of the city of Imola, 1502.

24
The Scientist (Anatomy)
25
The Inventor
26
Man Can Fly?
27
The Engineer
Studies of water-lifting devices.
A study of siege defenses.
28
Impact of Printing
  • Multiple printing with moveable type
  • Johannes Gutenberg
  • Gutenberg Bible first book produced by moveable
    type
  • Presses spread rapidly throughout Europe
  • Made it easier to spread ideas both
    intellectually and religious

29
Printing Press
  • How long did it take you to write 2 paragraphs?
  • How long would it take you to hand write a 30
    page book?
  • How did the invention of the printing press make
    bookmaking dramatically faster?
  • Why did learning and new ideas spread quickly?
  • Why did more people learn how to read?

30
Women Artists
  • Sofonisba Anguissola and Artemisia Gentileschi
  • Painted portraits of strong heroic women and Kings
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