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the Indian subcontinent

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Jawarlal Nehru Ally of Gandhi. 1st Prime Minister of India, 1947-1964. Advocated Industrialization vs. Gandhi s rural emphasis Promoted increased agriculture – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: the Indian subcontinent


1
the Indian subcontinent Since 1947 The Legacy
of Independence
2
Last Viceroy Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor
Nicholas Mountbatten
3
Border problems
  • India Split
  • India (Hindu Majority)
  • East and West Pakistan (Muslim Majority

These two nations would have a huge influence on
the region from 1947 on
4
Jawarlal Nehru
  • Ally of Gandhi.
  • 1st Prime Minister of India, 1947-1964.
  • Advocated Industrialization vs. Gandhis rural
    emphasis
  • Promoted increased agriculture Taken up by his
    daughter, Indira (who was best know for it)
  • Mixed Economy ? Socialism coming up in a minute!
  • Nonaligned Movement.

5
Non-Alignment Movement
6
Indias mixed economy
  • The mix refers to private and public
    ownership. Socialism
  • Foreign aid and foreign investment are crucial
    (also something Gandhi disagreed with).
  • Urban areas have high-tech companies.
  • Three quarters of the population are farmers
    living in small villages.

7
Indira Gandhi
  • Nehrus daughter.
  • Prime Minister of India, 1966-1984.
  • Continues Nehrus policies. Especially the Green
    Revolution
  • Faced internal rebellion from the Sikh (a group
    that blends Hinduism and Islam) separatists.
  • Control Population!

8
Indias Green Revolution
  • Introducing higher- yielding varieties of seeds
    in 1965.
  • Increased use of fertilizers irrigation.
  • GOAL ? make India self-sufficient in food grains.
  • India's "Green Revolution" allowed RICH farmers
    to triple their crop by using modern science and
    technology.

9
Indias persecution of the Sikhs (a group that
blends Hinduism and Islam)
Push for Independence
10
Mrs. Gandhi assassinated!
Mrs. Gandhi lying in state. 1984
11
Rajiv Gandhi
  • Indiras son.
  • Prime Minister of India, 1984-1989.
  • Some reform of economy and government.
    Privatization!
  • Also faced rebellion.
  • Assassinated in 1991 while campaigning by Tamil
    Tigers (a separatist group).

12
Mrs. Sonia Maino Gandhi
  • 1983 ? Indian citizen.
  • 1984 ? first lady when her husband, Rajiv
    Gandhi, succeeded his assassinated mother
    as Prime Minister.

13
  • 1991 ? Tragedy struck the Gandhi family again
    when Rajiv was killed by a suicide bomber.

14
Major problems Issues in india today
  • Overpopulation ? 1 billion climbing.
  • Economic development.
  • Hindu-Muslim tensions.
  • Gender issues ? dowry killings.
  • Caste bias ? discrimination against untouchables
    continues.
  • The Kashmir dispute and nuclear weapons.
  • Political assassinations.

15
Greater Tamil Nadu
16
Tamil Separatism The Tamil Tigers
17
Is the dream gone?
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