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Farm to Preschool 101

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Farm to Preschool 101 Stacey Sobell Williams, MPH Farm to School Coordinator, Ecotrust Portland, Oregon Western Lead Agency, National Farm to School Network – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Farm to Preschool 101


1
Farm to Preschool 101
  • Stacey Sobell Williams, MPH
  • Farm to School Coordinator, Ecotrust
  • Portland, Oregon
  • Western Lead Agency, National Farm to School
    Network

2
Agenda
  • Introduction to farm to preschool
  • Farm to Head Start pilot in Oregon
  • Increasing procurement of local foods
  • Farm Field Trips
  • Gardening with young children
  • Curriculum

3
Introduction to Farm to Preschool
4
What is Farm to Preschool?
  • Farm to School
  • Connects local food producers and processors with
    the school cafeteria or kitchen
  • Food- and garden-based education in the
    classroom, lunchroom, and community
  • Ages 0-5
  • Childcare centers, preschool, Head Start, daycare
    centers, in-home care

5
Why Farm to Preschool?
  • Dramatic increases in obesity among preschoolers
  • Low consumption of fruits and vegetables
  • Food deserts lack of access to fresh fruits and
    vegetables
  • Fresh food healthy food
  • Other benefits
  • Local economy
  • Environment

6
Why Farm to Preschool? Continued
  • Rely on caregivers to create food/activity
    environments
  • Consume as much as 80 of daily nutrients in
    childcare
  • Early patterns are a determinant of later eating
    habits

7
Why Farm to Preschool? Continued
  • K-12 Farm to School movement strong
  • Prepare preschoolers for farm to school programs
    as they enter K-12

Credit Emily Jackson, ASAP, 2008
8
Why Head Start?
  • Vulnerable population
  • Parental involvement
  • Curriculum is experiential a good fit

9
Ecotrust Farm to School
10
Ecotrusts Farm to Head Start Pilot Program
  • Oregon Child Development Coalition
  • 3 pilot sites
  • Goals and activities
  • Connections with local farmers and food
    processors
  • Incorporation of more healthy local fruits and
    vegetables and other foods
  • Promote food- and garden-based
  • education

11
Pilot Program Outcomes
  • Farm and food processor field trips
  • Salad greens, strawberries
  • Local, preservative and HFCS-free chili
  • Inspired ideas sugar-free local fruit cups
  • Early Sprouts curriculum (www.earlysprouts.org)
  • Sensory exploration, tasting, cooking activities
  • Parental involvement, hands-on participatory

12
Farm to Childcare into the Future
  • OCDC planted gardens, started a blog
  • Replicable model

Americorps member, teachers, and kids at OCDCs
Silverton learning and nutritional garden Photo
credit http//ocdcgardens.blogspot.com/
13
Procuring More Local Foods
14
Increasing Local Procurement Models
  • Direct from farmers
  • Work with farmers cooperatives
  • Farmers markets
  • Traditional wholesalers
  • Note As of October 1, 2008, the NSLA allows
    institutions receiving funds through the CNP to
    apply a geographic preference when procuring
    unprocessed locally grown or raised agricultural
    products. You can access the memo here
  • http//www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/governance/Policy-Memo
    s/2008/SP_30-2008.pdf

Adapted from USDA Food Nutrition Service, Eat
SmartFarm Fresh!, 2005
15
Steps to Increase Local Procurement
  • Start small
  • Review menus/regulations
  • Decide on the best model
  • Meet with your distributor
  • Identify local farms, food processors, markets
    (adult field trips)
  • Communicate clearly and be flexible

Adapted in part from Community Alliance with
Family Farmers, Farm to School Field Guide for
Food Service http//www.caff.org/programs/FSDguide
.pdf
16
2008 field trip with OCDC childcare partners to
Truitt Brothers processing plant in Salem, OR
17
How do you procure? Where do you get most of
your food? Have you procured or tried to procure
local food? What barriers have you encountered?
18
Troubleshooting Procurement
19
Troubleshooting Procurement
  • Problems
  • Too expensive
  • Distributor inflexible or few local options
  • Solutions
  • Set financial guidelines, develop annual goals,
    start small, buy seasonally
  • Demand more local, renegotiate contract, leverage
    off-contract flexibility

Adapted in part from Community Alliance with
Family Farmers, Farm to School Field Guide for
Food Service
20
Troubleshooting Procurement continued
  • Problems
  • Kids wont eat new foods
  • Little support or even opposition
  • Solutions
  • Farm or farmers market field trips, tasting
    days, use produce from on-site garden
  • Build a team! Communicate challenges and
    benefits. Promote what you are doing!

Adapted in part from Community Alliance with
Family Farmers, Farm to School Field Guide for
Food Service
21
  • Online directory and marketplace for regional
    buyers/sellers of food
  • Helps to streamlime procurement and promotion
  • Launched February 2010
  • Focus on Oregon and Washington
  • www.food-hub.org

22
Farm Field Trips
23
Farm Field Trips
  • Try to go to the farm that supplies the food to
    the Head Start center
  • Make sure you have access to bathrooms
  • Dress appropriately and come prepared (water,
    name tags, sunscreen)
  • Provide authentic experiences let the children
    do something real
  • Make an inclement weather plan

Credit Emily Jackson, ASAP, 2008
24
Credit Emily Jackson, ASAP, 2008
25
Establishing Head Start Gardens
26
Benefits of Gardens
  • Naturally calms and reduces stress
  • Can help to manage ADHD
  • Promotes exploration and discovery
  • Great fit with experiential education
  • Motivates and increases activity

Credit Diana Vandenbussche, Child Development
Associates, 2009
27
Establishing Gardens
  • Challenge 1
  • Staff unfamiliar with or resistant to gardening
  • Possible Solutions
  • Have a fun training
  • Require teachers to incorporate gardening into
    their lesson plans every day
  • See if cooperative extensions, Victory Gardens,
    or any other groups offer mentors
  • Find an easy gardening curriculum (next
    presentation)

Credit Diana Vandenbussche, Child Development
Associates, 2009. Photo Credit Emily Jackson,
ASAP, 2008
28
Establishing Gardens
  • Challenge 2
  • Lack of money and resources
  • Possible Solutions
  • Have garden fundraisers
  • See if parents are willing to donate time
  • Grants (Staceys list) or request in-kind
    donations of supplies (e.g., Home Depot)

Credit Diana Vandenbussche, Child Development
Associates, 2009
29
Establishing Gardens
  • Other Challenges
  • Physical obstacles
  • Placement of preschool buildings
  • No dirt area or space for garden
  • Not enough shade/too much shade
  • No hose connections outside
  • Lack of people power for digging up space, etc.
  • Not enough or the right equipment
  • Animal /insect invasions!
  • Certain types of plants may be toxic (e.g., no
    nightshades tomatoes, peppers, potatoes)

Credit Diana Vandenbussche, Child Development
Associates, 2009
30
Establishing Gardens
  • Possible Solutions
  • Grow plants indoors or just sprout seeds on
    windowsill
  • Buy or build raised bed boxes for patio areas
  • Let children fill small watering cans to water
    plants inside or out
  • Enlist parents to water on weekends and help with
    physical labor starting garden

Credit Diana Vandenbussche, Child Development
Associates, 2009
31
Establishing Gardens
  • Opportunities
  • Include a sand or soil box nearby for non-garden
    play
  • Plant with the senses in mind, use lots of color
  • Consider planting fruit bushes/trees
  • Cook with what you grow or at least taste it

Credit Emily Jackson, ASAP, 2008
32

Dont forget
  • Be a good role model eat your veggies!
  • Document your work and promote it to parents, the
    community, and the media

Photo Credit Emily Jackson, ASAP, 2008
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