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Animal Nutrition

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Animal Nutrition What is animal nutrition? The dietary needs of domesticated and captive wild animals Why is animal nutrition important? Animals need proper nutrition ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Animal Nutrition


1
Animal Nutrition
2
What is animal nutrition?
  • The dietary needs of domesticated and captive
    wild animals

3
Why is animal nutrition important?
  • Animals need proper nutrition to support their
    body requirements
  • Growth
  • Maintenance
  • Work
  • Reproduction
  • Lactation

4
How are nutritional requirements determined?
  • Digestive System
  • Ruminant or Non-Ruminant
  • Feeding Type
  • Carnivore, Omnivore or Herbivore
  • Body Requirements

5
How are nutritional requirements met?
  • By feeding a balanced diet

6
What is a balanced diet?
  • A feeding program that
  • Stimulates natural feeding behaviors
  • Meets all nutritional requirements
  • Is practical and economical

7
How are natural feeding behaviors stimulated?
  • Feeding diets that allow the animal to obtain
    their food in a similar manner to that in the
    wild
  • Where
  • How
  • Time
  • Type

8
How are nutritional requirements met in the diet?
  • Providing a diet that consists of the 6 basic
    nutrients in quantities appropriate for each
    specific animal species

9
What are the 6 basic nutrients?
  • Carbohydrates
  • Fats and Oils
  • Proteins
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals
  • Water

10
What are carbohydrates?
  • Nutrients made up of sugars, starches cellulose
  • Provide energy
  • Largest source of energy in a diet
  • Source
  • Cereal grains (corn, wheat and oats)
  • Roughage (alfalfa hay, grasses and plants)
  • Sugars (Molasses to improve taste reduce dust)

11
Corn
12
What are fats oils?
  • Nutrients made up of triglycerides and fatty
    acids
  • Provide energy
  • 2.25 times the energy as carbohydrates
  • Extra carbs are stores as fat
  • Carry fat soluble vitamins
  • Source
  • Grain protein concentrates (corn soybean oil)
  • Natural feed ingredients (meat, fish, nuts eggs)

13
Soybean Oil
14
What are proteins?
  • Nutrients made up of amino acids
  • Provide materials for growth
  • Body tissues (muscles, skin hair)
  • Source
  • Plant (soybean, cottonseed alfalfa meal)
  • Animal (meat fish meal, dried milk)

15
Meat
16
What are vitamins?
  • Organic compounds, containing carbon, needed in
    small amounts
  • Provide materials for body regulation
  • Water soluble (B-complex C)
  • Fat soluble (A, D, E K)
  • Source
  • Pre-mix (powder added to feed, best way to
    provide)
  • Natural feed ingredients (fruits vegetables)

17
Vitamin C
18
What are minerals?
  • Inorganic compounds, containing NO carbon, needed
    in small amounts
  • Provide materials for growth and regulation
  • Bones, teeth tissues (calcium phosphorus)
  • Chemical homeostasis (iron, folic acid copper)
  • Source
  • Pre-mix (powder) or mineral block (separate from
    feed)
  • Natural feed ingredients (meat, milk, green
    vegetables)
  • Nature (soil rocks)

19
Calcium
20
What is water?
  • The most important nutrient, essential for the
    survival of all animals
  • Provides
  • Hydration of body
  • Transport system for nutrients (dissolves
    carries)
  • Source
  • Supplied separately from diet
  • From a clean well or plumbing

21
H2O
22
Nutrient Review
  • Carbohydrates
  • Provide energy
  • Sources
  • Cereal Grains
  • Corn (most popular)
  • Oats and Wheat
  • Roughages
  • Alfalfa Hay (high energy/fiber)
  • Sugars
  • Molasses (increases palatability taste and
    reduces dust)

23
Nutrient Review
  • Fats and Oils
  • Provide energy
  • 2.25x more than carbohydrates
  • Carry fat soluble vitamins
  • Sources
  • Grain and protein concentrates
  • Vegetable oil
  • Natural sources
  • Meats, nuts and dairy products

24
Nutrient Review
  • Proteins
  • Provide amino acids for growth and development
  • Sources
  • Animal
  • Meat, Bone and Fish meal
  • Dried milk
  • Plant
  • Soybean and cottonseed meal
  • The word meal is almost always after the protein
    source

25
Nutrient Review
  • Vitamins
  • Regulate body functions
  • Designated by letters (A, B, C, D, E and K)
  • Sources
  • Premix
  • Most effective source
  • Natural sources
  • Fruits and Vegetables

26
Nutrient Review
  • Minerals
  • Regulate body functions
  • Provide growth of bones and tissues
  • Sources
  • Premix
  • Most certain source
  • Natural sources
  • Meats, vegetables, rocks and soil

27
Nutrient Review
  • Water
  • Hydrate the body
  • Makes up 40-80 of the body
  • Regulate body functions
  • Transport nutrients
  • Sources
  • Clean water sources
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