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Culture of the High Middle Ages

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Culture of the High Middle Ages & The Late Middle Ages 3.02: Describe events in Western Europe from the fall of Rome to the emergence of nation-states and analyze the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Culture of the High Middle Ages


1
Culture of the High Middle Ages The Late Middle
Ages
  • 3.02 Describe events in Western Europe from the
    fall of Rome to the emergence of nation-states
    and analyze the impact of these events on
    economic, political, and social life in medieval
    Europe.

2
Architecture
3
Architecture
  • In the eleventh and twelfth centuries, churches
    were built in the Romanesque style.
  • The construction of the Romanesque churches was
    similar to the basilicas of the Roman era, except
    that instead of flat roofs, they had arched
    vaults.
  • Romanesque churches required massive pillars to
    hold up the stone roofs, and had little light due
    to the lack of windows.

4
Architecture
  • A new style, called Gothic, utilized ribbed
    vaults and flying buttresses to allow for higher
    ceilings and thinner walls.
  • Gothic cathedrals were spectacular churches with
    stained-glass windows that symbolized the
    spirituality of the people.

5
Universities
6
Universities
  • The High Middle Ages saw the rise of
    universities.
  • The first European university was established in
    Bologna, Italy. Soon, universities were set up in
    Paris, France, and Oxford in England.
  • Students could earn a doctorate in law, medicine,
    or theology.

7
Vernacular Literature
8
Vernacular Literature
  • Latin was the universal language used in the
    Church and schools.
  • New literature began to be written in vernacular,
    or everyday speech.
  • The most popular vernacular literature of the
    twelfth century was troubadour poetry.

9
The Black Death
10
The Black Death
  • During the 1300s, the Black Death killed
    approximately one-third of the European
    population.
  • The plague generally followed trade routes. It
    devastated urban centers, and villages in Germany
    and England were wiped off the map.
  • The Black Deaths most common form was the
    bubonic plague, which was spread by fleas on
    rats.

11
The Black Death
  • The disease was so lethal, that family members
    often had to abandon one another.

12
The Black Death
  • Effects of the Black Death
  • Approximately one-third to one-half of the
    population killed
  • Rise in anti-Semitism
  • Decline in trade, labor shortages, and decreased
    demand for food
  • Decline of serfdom and the influence of the
    Church
  • Growth of cities and peasant revolts

13
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14
The Hundred Years War
15
The Hundred Years War
  • The Hundred Years War began in 1337 when the
    king of France seized the English controlled area
    of Gascony in France.
  • At the Battle of Crécy in 1346, English archers
    using longbows devastated the French knights.

16
The Hundred Years War
  • In 1415, the English king Henry V again defeated
    the French at the Battle of Agincourt and the
    English controlled northern France.
  • A peasant named Joan of Arc believed that God had
    chosen her to save France. The inspired French
    army seized Orléans.
  • The French eventually won the war in 1453, aided
    by the use of the cannon and gunpowder.

17
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18
Vocabulary 1
  • Theology the study of religion and God

19
Vocabulary 2
  • Vernacular the language of everyday speech in a
    particular region

20
Vocabulary 3
  • anti-Semitism hostility toward or discrimination
    against Jews

21
Vocabulary 4
  • Plague epidemic disease with a high death rate

22
The Plague Video
  • http//www.learn360.com/ShowVideo.aspx?TagID54458
    42ID235859
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