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The Communist Wars- Cold War, Korean War

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The Communist Wars-Cold War, Korean War & Vietnam War The Cold War- No, it was not a very cold war! Cold War Ideologies United States Encouraged democracy ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Communist Wars- Cold War, Korean War


1
The Communist Wars- Cold War, Korean War
Vietnam War
2
  • The Cold War- No, it was not a very cold war! ?

3
Cold War Ideologies
  • United States
  • Encouraged democracy
  • Wanted to gain access to raw materials and
    markets
  • Wanted to help create more European economies
  • Reunite Germany
  • Soviet Union
  • Encouraged communism
  • Wanted to use raw materials to rebuild economy
  • Wanted to control Eastern Europe
  • Keep Germany divided

4
(No Transcript)
5
Key Vocabulary
  • Iron Curtain
  • McCarthyism
  • Containment policy
  • Domino Theory
  • Marshall Plan

6
Senator Joseph McCarthy
7
(No Transcript)
8
Events of Cold War
  • Berlin Wall created
  • NATO/ Warsaw Pact
  • SEATO
  • Nuclear wars/ Arms Race
  • Space Race
  • Truman Doctrine

9
Events of the Cold War contd
  • Brinkmanship/Détente
  • U-2 incident
  • Berlin Blockade/Berlin Airlift
  • Kitchen Debate
  • 1980 Olympic Ice Hockey Game- Semifinals- US vs.
    USSR

10
Sputnik- October 4, 1957 (first satellite put
into space)
11
During the 1950s, the Third World emerged as key
arena of Cold War competition. The May 1954
Battle of Dien Bien Phu was the final battle in
the First Indochina War between France and
pro-independence nationalists, but laid the
groundwork for U.S. involvement in the region.
12
JULY 24, 1959
13
Brezhnev and Nixon talk during Brezhnev's June
1973 visit to Washingtona high-water mark in
détente between the United States and the Soviet
Union.
14
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Soviet
Union quickly abandoned its Cold War commitments
as the state and Communist Party rule unraveled.
By late 1991, opposition to Gorbachev's radical
reforms had triggered the Soviet coup attempt of
1991, but the failure of the coup wound up
accelerating the dissolution of the USSR. Above,
Gorbachev and Boris Yeltsin spar over the events
of the coup, with Yeltsin accusing Gorbachev of
failing to prevent the crisis. Later, Gorbachev
would accuse Yeltsin of tearing the Soviet Union
apart out of a desire to advance his own personal
interests.
15
KOREAN WAR
16
Korean War
  • Background
  • Korea divided at the 38th parallel after World
    War II, ending Japanese control
  • Northern part- occupied by Soviet troops until
    1948
  • Southern part- occupied by Americans until 1949
  • Truman convinced of a repeat of Germany in North
    Korea

17
Events of War
  • War began when communist North Korea invaded
    South Korea in 1950, capturing the capital, Seoul
  • South Korea asks UN to intervene
  • UN Security Council voted to aid South Korea
  • 15 countries participated under the leadership of
    MacArthur
  • United States led the peacekeeping forces
  • 20 other nations eventually became involved in
    the war
  • Koreans saw it primarily as a civil war

18
General Douglas MacArthur
19
In October 1950, after routing North Korean
soldiers from the southern half of the Korea
Peninsula, United States general Douglas
MacArthur sent troops across the 38th parallel
into North Korea. In November Chinese troops
entered the Korean War on the side of the North,
and by early December North Korea was cleared of
U.S. and South Korean troops.
20
Outcome/Legacy of the Korean War
  • Both countries remained divided
  • 5 million died in process
  • North Korea built collective farms and nuclear
    weapons, yet suffer economically and socially
  • South Korea prospered with massive aid from the
    US and grew tremendously economically

21
In July 1953 North Korea and China, allies in the
Korean War, signed a truce agreement at
Panmunjeom (Panmunjom) with the United Nations
command that had supported South Korea. The
agreement ended fighting on the Korea Peninsula,
but a permanent peace settlement between South
Korea and North Korea has not been reached.
22
VIETNAM WAR
23
Vietnam War
  • Background
  • Once a French colony
  • Main cause of the war- failure of Vietnamese
    nationalists to gain control of southern Vietnam
    after their struggle with France (1946- 1954)
  • Ho Chi Minh
  • Charlie- Vietcong

24
Events of Vietnam War
  • A Divided Country
  • Ngo Dinh Diem- South
  • Ho Chi Minh- North
  • U.S. deployed large numbers of troops to South
    Vietnam between 1954 and 1973
  • Ho Chi Minh Trail
  • Guerilla warfare
  • TET Offensive
  • War finally concluded on April 30, 1975 with the
    fall of Saigon

25
President Eisenhower and Secretary of State John
Foster Dulles greet President Ngo Dinh Diem in
Washington.
26
The Ho Chi Minh Trail running through Laos, 1967
27
A U.S. B-66 Destroyer and four F-105
Thunderchiefs dropping bombs on North Vietnam.
28
Le Duc Tho and Henry Kissinger (fourth and
fifth from the left, respectively). Le Duc Tho
and Henry Kissinger were jointly awarded the 1973
Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts in
negotiating the Paris Peace Accords a ceasefire
and American withdrawal from Vietnam.
29
National Chief of Police Nguyen Ngoc Loan
executes an NFL officer in Saigon during TET.
Images of the killing shocked the world.
30
Kim Phuc Phan Thi, center, running down a road
near Trang Bang, Vietnam, after a napalm bomb was
dropped on the village of Trang Bang by a plane
of the Vietnam Air Force. The village was
suspected by US Army forces of being a Viet Cong
stronghold. Kim Phuc survived by tearing off her
burning clothes.
31
Reaction of US Home Front
  • First war televised where everyone could see
    events unfold
  • Americans were outraged by war and results of it
  • Booing soldiers upon return

32
Outcome/Legacy of the Vietnam War
  • Vietnam became united under communist rule
  • In 1972, the United States signed a strategic
    arms limitation treaty with the Soviet Union
  • Vietnam was of little economic value to any
    country
  • Media released the power they possess with
    showing information to the public

33
Bibliography
  • Wikipedia.com
  • Encarta.msn.com
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