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World War I

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World War I Cause #2: Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Germany used U-boats to attack any ship going to England. May 7, 1915, Germany sinks Lusitania, killing 123 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War I


1
World War I
2
Allied vs. Central Powers
  • Allied Powers
  • France, Great Britain, Russia, Italy and United
    States (later)
  • Central Powers
  • Germany, Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Empire

3
Outbreak of War
  • All countries were happy to fight
  • Each of the Allied and Central Powers had armies
    with millions of soldiers.
  • Everyone thought the war would be over in 3 months

4
German Kaiser announcing war mobilization order
  • What seems to be the mood of the German people in
    this picture?

5
Announcement of war in Great Britain outside of
Buckingham Palace
  • What seems to be the mood of the British people
    in this picture?

6
Civilians marching with German soldiers to the
front
7
French civilians bidding farewell
8
German soldiers to the Western Front
  • On to Paris

9
What is the mood of these French soldiers going
to war?
10
Germany
  • Germany had to fight a two-front war
  • Schlieffen Plan
  • Invade France through Belgium, capture Paris in 6
    weeks.
  • Attack Russias big army after France

11
Schlieffen Plan
12
First Months of War
  • Germans push French/British within 30 miles of
    Paris, then are stopped.
  • Germans defeat Russian Army at Tannenberg, push
    them back.
  • War in the Western Front stalls, and armies dig
    into trenches.

13
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14
Trench Warfare
  • Both sides dig trenches from English Channel all
    the way to Switzerland.
  • The line did not move for the rest of the war.
  • Machine guns mowed down soldiers.
  • Artillery softened trenches
  • Poison Gas used to kill soldiers.

15
Artillery
16
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17
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18
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20
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21
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22
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23
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24
Prosthetics
25
The War 1914-1916
  • Neither side won or lost much ground.
  • Millions of soldiers were being killed on both
    sides.
  • Armies were wearing thin on men, morale and
    materials.

26
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27
The Homefront
  • Government management
  • Suspended rights
  • Women workers
  • Rationing
  • Propaganda

28
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31
The War 1917
  • 1917 was a turning point year during WWI for two
    reasons
  • The United States enters the war.
  • Russia leaves the war.

32
America Enters WWI
  • At the beginning, America remained neutral during
    WWI
  • It was Europes war
  • There were three major reasons for America to get
    involved
  • Natural alliance with England and France
  • Unrestricted submarine warfare by Germany
  • Zimmerman Telegram

33
Cause 1 Natural Alliance with England and
France
  • America shared common government democracy
  • Were strong trade partners before the war.
  • Shared a common language and culture with England

34
Cause 2 Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
  • Germany used U-boats to attack any ship going
    to England.
  • May 7, 1915, Germany sinks Lusitania, killing 123
    Americans.
  • President Wilson condemns attack, warns against
    future attacks.
  • 1917, Germany resumes unrestricted sub warfare

35
Lusitania
36
US Losses From Sub Warfare 1916-1918
37
Cause 3 Zimmerman Telegram
  • British intercept German telegram to Mexico.
  • Germany asks Mexico to invade U.S.
  • Promise southwestern states in return.
  • British pass the telegram to U.S.

38
Zimmerman Telegram
39
Impact of Americas Involvement
  • Allies were on the brink of falling apart
  • America comes in and strengthens tired British
    and French soldiers.
  • Eventually, Allies start pushing Germans back
    toward Germany in 1918.

40
Americans in France
41
Americans in France
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